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Our complex brains is extremely sophisticated!

Ancient Egyptians and Greeks in 400 BC first discovered the functions of the brain.  It was Hippocrates who first discovered that brain played an important role in sensation and intelligence.

• 80% of the brain is water. •We must drink 8 glasses water per day for the sake of our mind.

Our brain is more active at night as compared to day More brain waves- more dreams.

Information travels along neurons at different speeds. This is why we recall some information instantly and sometimes it takes a little longer .

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The brain operates on same amount of power as 10-watt light bulb .

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Humans continue to make new neurons throughout life in response to mental activity. .

Alcohol interferes with brain processes by weakening connections between neurons. .

Reading aloud and talking often to a young child promotes brain development. .

fear. happiness. . The specific type of nurturing a child receives shapes how these emotions are developed.The capacity for such emotions as joy. and shyness are already developed at birth.

the right side of your brain controls the left side of your body.The left side of your brain controls the right side of your body. and. .

. you are creating a new connection in your brain.Every time you recall a memory or have a new thought.

. therefore appear more intense than other memory triggers.Memories triggered by scent have a stronger emotional connection.

Each time we blink. our brain kicks in and keeps things illuminated so the whole world doesn’t go dark each time we blink .

Laughing at a joke is no simple task as it requires activity in five different areas of the brain. .

.A living brain is so soft you could cut it with a table knife.

000 miles of blood vessels in the brain. .There are about 100.

. No oxygen for 5 to 10 minutes will result in permanent brain damage.The brain can live for 4 to 6 minutes without oxygen. and then it begins to die.

Differences in brain weight and size do not equal differences in mental ability Their brains may be different. but they'll likely reach the same conclusion. .

we would be so simple that we couldn’t” Emerson Pugh –The biological origin of Human values (1977) .Human Brain “If the human brain were so simple that we could understand it.

How did our brains evolve? .

Evolution of the Brain .

our ability to imagine is THOUSAND TIMES MORE than ability to survive in real world . taste.to see. feel. hear. think n imagine? Our 100 billion neurons create messages Our 100 million sensory receptors to experience the world.000 billion sensory synapses to imagine.What makes us see.. smell Our 10.

•As the human foetus develops. change in nutrition can shift course of brain development . spinal cord. Change in hormone level.HOW did it all begin? •At age 5 week groove develops and then closes to form the neural tube which specialises into Brain. its brain grows dramatically.. Change in foetal environment can shift course of brain development. spinal nerves and backbone. • “Regulator” genes switch on or off all other genes A chain reaction of „ons n offs‟ So sensitive to change.

THREE MONTHSThe surface of the enlarging cerebrum remains smooth for weeks after this time Fetal Brain Development SIX MONTHS By this point. the brains surface has begun developing wrinkles that increase its surface area and mental capacity .

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Brain is made up of What? Brain= 60% fats=40% DHA DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and AA (arachidonic acid) are crucial for development of the brain and eyes. . During Pregnancy & Lactation the mother supplies this important brain food to the developing foetus with these fatty acids.

skin. cortex.DHA (Docosahexanoic acid) •Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid that is a primary structural component of the human brain. •Representing fatty acids of specific phospholipids with the brain grey matter. •Long chain PUFA DHA is ultimate brain food . . cerebral. testicles & retina. sperm. •It can be synthesized from alpha-linolenic acid or obtained directly from maternal milk.