Presentation

The Internet, Intranets, and Extranets
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations OF MODERN LANGUAGES

Group members
 Muhammad Shafique  Umair Qyume  Farhan Adeel  Tahir Ishfaq  Rao Khalil  Sabahat Naheed  Fatima Zaheer
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Internet & History
 Internet:-

The Internet is a huge and evergrowing network that links computers and computer networks around the world.

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Internet & Networking
 The internet – A network of networks – The internet transmits data from one computer (called a host) to another  Internet networks – Linked networks that work much the same way -- they pass data around in packets, each of which carries the addresses of its sender and receiver
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Internet ‘Discussion
A global network connecting millions of computers. As of 1999, the Internet has more than 200 million users worldwide, and that number is growing rapidly. More than 100 countries are linked into exchanges of data, news and opinions. Unlike online services, which are centrally controlled, the Internet is decentralized by design. Each Internet computer, called a host, is independent. Its operators can choose which Internet services to use and which local services to make available to the global Internet community. Remarkably, this anarchy by design works exceedingly
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Internet Service Providers
 Internet service provider (ISP)
– Any company that provides individuals or companies with access to the Internet – Thousands of providers including large communications companies – Need an account with the ISP and software that links with TCP/IP

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

ISP Examples
Internet Service Provider AT&T WorldNet Service Digex, Inc. GTE Internetworking IBM Internet Connection MCI Internet Netcom On-Line Communication Services PSINet, Inc. Sprint Internet Services UUNet Technologies, Inc.
ITEC 1010

Web Address www.att.com www.digex.net www.gte.net www.ibm.net www.mci2000.com www.netcom.com www.psinet.com www.sprint.net www.us.uu.net

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Internet Services
– – – – – – – –
ITEC 1010

E-mail Telnet FTP Usenet and newsgroups Chat rooms Internet phone Internet videoconferencing Content streaming

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Internet Services
 Internet telephony
– Also called voice-over-IP (VOIP)
• Technology that enables network managers to route phone calls and fax transmissions over the same network they use for data

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Uses Of Internet
 (1) Identify problems and possibilities by using links to

surf among Internet sites to discover the range of data that is available, e.g., surfing serendipity.

 (2) Search for information to solve a problem by using

a search engine or an Internet site.

 (3) Obtain information when users know what they

want by accessing a specific Internet site or by using a search engine to link to a specific Internet site address.

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Uses Of Internet
(4) Communicate with others via e-mail, file transfer, chat mode, and eventually videoconferencing.

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Internet Drawbacks
 Management issues
– No centralized governing body for the Internet

 Service bottlenecks
– Phenomenal growth has left a service void – Providers underestimating computing power needed – Reconciling router addresses needed to transverse the network
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

The World Wide Web
 World Wide Web
• A collection of tens of thousands of independentlyowned computers that work together as one in an Internet service

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

WWW Terminology
 Web browser
• Software that creates a unique hypermedia-based menu on your computer screen and provides a graphical interface to the Web

 Web page
• A screen of information sent to a requesting user and presented through a browser

 Applet
• A small program embedded in Web pages
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Intranets and Extranets
 Intranet
• An internal corporate network built using Internet and World Wide Web standards and products that allows employees of an organization to gain access to corporate information

 Extranet
• A network based on Web technologies that links selected resources of the intranet of a company with its customers, suppliers, or other business partners
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Intranet ‘Discussion’
A network based on TCP/IP protocols (an internet) belonging to an organization, usually a corporation, accessible only by the organization's members, employees, or others with authorization. An intranet's Web sites look and act just like any other Web sites, but the firewall surrounding an intranet fends off unauthorized access. Like the Internet itself, intranets are used to share information. Secure intranets are now the fastest-growing segment of the Internet because they are much less expensive to build and manage than private networks based on proprietary protocols.
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Extranet ‘Discussion’
A new buzzword that refers to an intranet that is partially accessible to authorized outsiders. Whereas an intranet resides behind a firewall and is accessible only to people who are members of the same company or organization, an extranet provides various levels of accessibility to outsiders. You can access an extranet only if you have a valid username and password, and your identity determines which parts of the extranet you can view. Extranets are becoming a very popular means for business partners to exchange information.
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Firewall
 Firewall…
• A device that sits between your internal network and the outside Internet and limits access into and out of your network based on your organization’s access policy

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Have a nice day…

Encryption software running on sending computer
E%$&:”}{|…

Decryption software running on Receiving computer

Have a nice day…

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

 Ask

Questions?
ITEC 1010 Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

Thanks

ITEC 1010

Information NATIONAL UNIVERSITYand Organizations LANGUAGES OF MODERN

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