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General Studies
History
Sources of History
 Pre-History  Ancient History  Medieval History

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General Studies
History
Ancient India
Indus Valley Civilization a.The Marvelous Town Planning of Mohenjodaro The Vedic Period (1500 Bc-600 Bc) a.Aryans Political System b.The King was the Supreme Power c.No Rigidity in Caste System d.Growth of Buddhism and Jainism

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Mathematics
Number System

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In Indian system, numbers are expressed by means of symbols 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, called digits. Here, 0 is called insignificant digit whereas 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,8, 9 are called significant digits. We can express a number in two ways.
Notation Numeration

Mathematics
Number System
Face Value and Place Value of a Digit

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Face Value : It is the value of the digit itself eg, in 3452, face value of 4 is ‘four’, face value of 2 is ‘two’. Place Value : It is the face value of the digit multiplied by the place value at which it is situated eg, in 2586, place value of 5 is 5 ×100 = 500.

Mathematics
Number System
Number Categories
Natural Numbers (N) Whole Numbers (W) Integers (I) Rational Numbers Irrational Numbers Real Numbers

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Mathematics
Number System
Different Types of Numbers Even Numbers Odd Numbers Prime Numbers Relative Prime Numbers Twin Primes Composite Numbers Perfect Number

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Mathematics
Number System
Rules for Divisibility Divisibility by 2 Divisibility by 3 Divisibility by 4 Divisibility by 5 Divisibility by 6 Divisibility by 7 Divisibility by 8

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Mathematics
Number System
Rules for Divisibility
Divisibility by 9 Divisibility by 10 Divisibility by 11

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Mathematics
Number System
Division on Numbers

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• In a sum of division, we have four quantities. • They are (i) Dividend, (ii) Divisor, (iii) Quotient and (iv) Remainder (a) Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder (b) Divisor = (Dividend – Remainder) ÷ Quotient (c) Quotient = (Dividend – Remainder) ÷ Divisor

Mathematics
Number System

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Factors and Multiples A number which divides a given number exactly is called a factor of the given number. Number of Factors of a Number If N is a composite number such that N = am bn co... where a, b, c ... are prime factors of N and m, n, o ... are positive integers, then the number of factors of N is given by the expression (m + 1) (n + 1) (o + 1)

Reasoning
Analogy
Meaning of Analogy

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Analogy means ‘Similar items’. There is three types of Analogy (a) Number Analogy (b) Letter Analogy (c) Word Analogy

Reasoning
Analogy
Number Analogy

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Typical relationships between the numbers in a given pair can be any of the following : One number is a multiple of the other. One number is the square or square root of the other. One number is the cube or cube root of the other. The two numbers can be consecutive, even, odd or prime numbers.

Reasoning
Analogy
Letter Analogy

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The questions based on letter analogy are similar to number analogy. Here, the questions are based on the relationship between two groups of letters on each side of the sign : : . Normally, three pairs of letters are given followed by a question mark where the fourth pair of letters is supposed to come.

Reasoning
Analogy
Word Analogy

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In word analogy questions there is a certain relationship between the two given words on one side of ’ : : ’ and one word is given on the other side. Students are asked to find the correct alternative that has same relationship with that word.

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