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Group Members
Muzammil Afzal
Roll # 10030821-030 MSc. Economics 3rd semester

Mudassar Khan
Roll # 10030821-005 MSc. Economics 4th semester

Anam Zulafqar
Roll # 10030821-018

Mehwish Sana Butt
Roll # 10030821-027 MSc. Economics 4th semester

MSc. Economics 3rd semester

Khalid Waleed
Roll # 10030821-004 MSc. Economics 4th semester

Topic

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Table of Contents Introduction History of Labor Unions History of Labor unions in Pakistan Labor Acts in Pakistan Merits of Labor Unions Demerits of Labor Unions Trade unions in Pakistan Conclusion .

and better working conditions. increasing the number employees an employer hires.Introduction “A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as higher pay.” Union Higher Pay Common Goals Employees demand Better working condition Employees demand .

(2001). M. “Notes on the Economics of Labor Unions”. 1-24. . (2006). “Princetion University Industrial Relations Section” Working Paper # 452. Akteruzzaman (2006) Akteruzzaman. 29-34. Farbar.S.Definitions “It is an association of workers who bargain collectively with their employer regarding the terms and conditions of employment”. Farbar (2001) “Labor unions are voluntary associations of workers to promote and protect their interest by collective endeavor and constitute an integral part of the relationship between the employees and employers”. H. 1(I). “Globalization: issues and Challenges for Trader Union Movement” The Social Sciences.

Massachusetts in 1912 led by the Industrial Workers of the World.History of Labor Unions Massachusetts militiamen with fixed bayonets surround a parade of peaceful strikers. The Lawrence textile strike was a strike of immigrant workers in Lawrence. .

(2007). J.History of Labor Unions Concept of Labor Unions 18th Century Britain Workers gather in 1780s in Britain against these acts: The Combination Act (1817) The Gagging Act The Six Act (1867) The conspiracy & Property Act The Employer’s Liability Act Mohar. . “Trade unions and the law-history and a way forward?”. G.

History of Labor Unions The implementation of Trade Union Act 1913 Real Strength & Right Political Fund Social Fund The trend of unionism in Britain afterwards expanded to USA. .

(1922). ‘’A history of Labor Unions from Colonial Times” Mises Daily. “A History of Trade Unions in the United States”. . (2009). Perlman. Social Science Text Book. M. S.History of Labor Unions In 1860s Political Philosophy Begin to shift towards Collectivism National Trade Unions gains real Foothold In United State of America State unions exploded In 19th century First national Union National Labor Union Reynolds.

2(2). two most strong unions working under the influence of National Congress and Socialist Party.History of Labor Unions in Indo-Pak Concept of Collective labor Introduced by Malik Gokhale Which was given legal identity Introduction of Trade Union Act in 1926. . (2010). At that time. Pakistaniaat: A Journal of Pakistan Studies. 78-82. and Hashmi. Indian Trade Union Congress (INTUC) Hindustan Mazdur Sabha (HMS) Bawa. “Labor Unionization in Pakistan – History & Trends”.

Mirza Ibrahim First President Bawa. and Hashmi. 2(2). Pakistaniaat: A Journal of Pakistan Studies. 78-82. .History of Labor Unions in Pakistan Pakistan Trade Union Federation (PTUF) After 1947 1st labor union in Pakistan was Having ties with INTUC. “Labor Unionization in Pakistan – History & Trends”. (2010).

History of Labor unions in Pakistan Up till 1952 No much developments Labor Unions After 1952 Restrict any Trade Union & Collective bargaining in any industry. Candland. “Labor. Democratization and Development in India and Pakistan’. but no legislation was formulated in this regard. . 48(1). 1-13. (2007). In 1952 Pakistan Essential Services Act Gave the right to government to First Labor Policy of Government Announced on 15th August 1955 Workers to be the partners in industry. “British Journal of Industrial Relations”.

. “British Journal of Industrial Relations”. 48(1). “Labor. Democratization and Development in India and Pakistan’.History of Labor unions in Pakistan In 1958 General Ayub Khan Abolished first labor Policy 4th Feb 1959 2nd Labor Policy “Burki Labor Policy” Discourage the labor unions Candland. 1-13. (2007).

S. “Labor Policy 2010. K.History of Labor unions in Pakistan In 1969 Labor pressurize the military government Trade Unions Bhutto won the Elections Bhutto formulated People labor Federation Organized labors Gained power Become the Prime Minister Shah. Ministry of Labor and Manpower Pakistan” . (2010).

Bhutto addressing Labor .

History of Labor unions in Pakistan In 1977 Zia ul haq imposed Martial Law Strictly banned the UNIONS .

History of Labor unions in Pakistan Junego government lifted ban Completely lifted by Benazir Same policies by Nawaz Sharif General Musharraf regime strictly ban the UNIONS Industrial Relations Ordinance 2002 Removal from Service (Special Powers) Ordinance other anti labor laws .

History of Labor unions in Pakistan At present Gillani’s Government Facilitating workers Workers Welfare Fund Ordinance Industrial Relations Ordinance Employees Old-Age Benefit Act protection of worker No ban for Labor Unions .

Measures adopted by Unions to bargain Collective Bargaining for benefits from employers Collective efforts for legislation Types of Labor Unions Public sector unions Private sector unions Donas. B. Workplace Fairness Journal. Why Professional Unions Make Good Conflict Management Partners. . (2006).

(2009). (1993). L. 368-380”. A Case Study of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTCP)”. S. . International Labor Organization. R. 1-29. “ Industrial and Labor Relations Review. Unchahar.57.. D. Nandan. and Gupta. 46(2). A. (2002). B. 14(1). P. ‘’The Changing Role of Trade Union in India.Merits of labor Unions Increment in Wages Reduction in Income inequality Living Conditions Job Security Better working environment Protection from Globalization Belman. 37. Morris. Trade Unions and Globalization.L. “Wage effects of increased union coverage: Methodological Considerations and new evidence”. Asian Academy of Management Journal. and Voos P. Ghosh.

Demerits of labor Unions Wages can overshoot Equilibrium level Strikes results unproductively Union dues Interference with efficiency Living Conditions Protection from Globalization .

1-47. (2008).Trade Unions in Pakistan In Pakistan Trade Unions Never been able to act as Unions revolving around personalities Linkages with Political Parties front for working class Bureaucratic surveillance Irfan. “Pakistan’s Wage Structure”. M. . “Pakistan Developmental Review”.

Labor Day Rally by National Trade Union in Pakistan .

Trade Unions in Pakistan All Pakistan Trade Union Federation Pakistan Workers' Federation All Pakistan Federation of Labor All Pakistan Federation of Trade Unions All Pakistan Federation of United Trade Unions All Pakistan Trade Union Congress Pakistan National Federation of Trade Unions Muttahida Labour Federation Pakistan Pakistan Mazdoor Mahaaz Pakistan Labour Federation (PLF) Pakistan Trade Union Defense Campaign Pakistan Railway worker Union Workshops Division Mughalpura .

therefore. The most important roles which unions are meant to play are Reduce income inequality Improve Working Conditions Protection of Rights Homogeneous income Employment opportunities But over the period of time. they are facing decline in their popularity and membership. .Conclusion Unions in any organization work for the benefits of the employees. unions failed to perform their roles effectively.

Conclusion Internationally. . the trend of unions in organization is diminishing.

Conclusion Internationally and in Pakistan too. unions are very strong in public sector organizations as compared to private sector companies. In PTCL. unions exist only in PTCL. . the new management has cut down union power by implementing different polices. But after privatization since 2006. Conclusively saying Conclusively saying. union image as the protector of working class has been affected when union leaders use the plate form of union to get the advantage for themselves. union remained very powerful before privatization. In Pakistan Telecom Sector.

“Wage effects of increased union coverage: Methodological Considerations and new evidence”. M. (2008). Nandan. “Labor Policy 2010. J. (2006). ‘’The Changing Role of Trade Union in India. (2007). A Case Study of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTCP)”. R. Mohar. S. (2007). 29-34. “Globalization: issues and Challenges for Trader Union Movement” The Social Sciences. 37. Pakistaniaat: A Journal of Pakistan Studies. 1(I). (2001).L. Perlman. Democratization and Development in India and Pakistan’. and Voos P. (1922). M. “British Journal of Industrial Relations”. Belman. A. “Labor Unionization in Pakistan – History & Trends”.57. Shah. G. 1-47. Farbar. Reynolds. Social Science Text Book. 14(1). L. International Labor Organization.. “Notes on the Economics of Labor Unions”. 78-82. M. S. “Princetion University Industrial Relations Section” Working Paper # 452. 2(2). Asian Academy of Management Journal. 368-380”. H. and Hashmi. Unchahar. “A History of Trade Unions in the United States”. D. (2010). Bawa. “Industrial and Labor Relations Review. K. (2002). P. Irfan. ‘’A history of Labor Unions from Colonial Times” Mises Daily. Ghosh. Ministry of Labor and Manpower Pakistan” . Trade Unions and Globalization. (1993). “Pakistan Developmental Review”. “Labor. “Pakistan’s Wage Structure”. 48(1). 1-13. B. 46(2). S. (2009). and Gupta. (2010). 1-24.S. Candland. Morris. 1-29.References Akteruzzaman. (2009). “Trade unions and the law-history and a way forward?”.

Any Question? .