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DCC 1013 CONSTRUCTION DRAWING

IRDANITA BINTI ISMAIL

STRUCTURAL DRAWING

4.3: BEAM AND COLUMN STRUCTURE 4.4: COLUMN

LEARNING OUTCOME 1. Identify the types of reinforced concrete beam. 2. Describe the elements of beam and column details 3. Draw a beam and column details using good drawing techniques.

STRUCTURAL DRAWING

Floor plan: 1. Ground floor 2. Upper floor 3. Roof floor

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Details: Beam details Column details Slab details Column reinf. schedule Foundation reinf. schedule

BEAM AND COLUMN STRUCTURE


Two components: Concrete Solid wood Reinforced concrete beam construction

Wood roof beam construction

TYPES OF REINFORCED CONCRETE BEAM

CONCRETE COVER
The least distance between the surface of embedded reinforcement and the outer surface of the concrete Required for: 1.Protect the reinforcement bar from environmental effect to prevent corrosion. 2.Fire resistance 3.Durability

CONCRETE COVER

CONCRETE COVER

TYPES OF BEAM
Classification Ground beam

Upper beam
Roof beam Suspended beam Simply supported beam Continuous beam Cantilever beam

Types

TYPES OF BEAM

Ground beam

Roof beam

Upper beam

TYPES OF BEAM
Cantilever beam

Suspended beam

TYPES OF BEAM

Reinforcement arrangement for suspended beam

TYPES OF BEAM

Reinforcement arrangement for cantilever beam

TYPES OF BEAM

Reinforcement arrangement for cantilever beam

TYPES OF BEAM

Example ground beam detail.

TYPES OF BEAM

Example roof beam detail.

DETAILS OF BEAM

EXAMPLE PICTURE OF GROUND BEAM CONSTRUCTION ON SITE

FORMWORK PREPARATION

REINFORCEMENT

CONCRETING

GROUND BEAM

EXAMPLE PICTURE OF ROOF BEAM CONSTRUCTION ON SITE

FORMWORK

REINFORCEMENT

CONCRETING

CONCRETING

HOW TO DRAW DETAIL BEAM


Steps: 1. Command : LINE Use line type center to draw the center line left wall only (300mm wall thks).

2. Command : OFFSET Offset the center line 150mm left and right wall.
3. Command : LINE Draw all horizontal line beams (3048 mm) and offset 600 mm height of beam. 4. Command : OFFSET Offset line 40 mm for cover and bars and delete some distance of bars. 5. Command : MIRROR High light all drawing and mirror to right side. 6. Command : DIMENSION Select linear and leader dimension 7. Command : TEXT Use single text to specification.

COLUMN

CONCRETE COLUMN DETAIL.

COLUMN

TYPICAL UNIVERSAL STUMP AND COLUMN CONNECTION

COLUMN SCHEDULE

COLUMN SCHEDULE

COLUMN SCHEDULE

TYPICAL RC COLUMN DETAIL

EXAMPLE PICTURE OF COLUMN CONSTRUCTION ON SITE

FORMWORK

REINFORCEMENT

REINFORCEMENT

CONCRETING

COLUMN

SUMMARY

EXERCISE

ANSWER
Gridline/ location

Bar steel (link)

Bar steel (main bar)

Type of beam (FB)


Size of beam

distance