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TARGET A

SCIENCE UPSR
Presented by Rujhan bin Zakaria

For Things To Change , I MUST FIRST CHANGE

Ready to learn and learn more Learn and correct ourselves from previous mistakes Always find other ways and alternatives Always be thankful to the teachers Take into account all the advises Be an optimist Ready to work hard Be cooperative with other friends Do more exercise , less talk Doing the revision at home Think positive Manage the time Know and being alert of self weaknesses Strive for success

STUDENTS THAT ARE EXCELLENT ....

STUDENTS WHO FAILS.


Always lazy and no inniative, Doing the same mistakes again and again , Always giving reasons , Always pointing the teachers for mistakes , Do not bother with other people advices , Always being a pessimists, Only want something that is easy , Always finding friends mistakes , Too much talking , no revising , Always saying ,Too much to do ! , Always have the negative thoughts , Doing works because we have to, Always wasting time, Pointing to other people faults Failure to be expected .

THE SCIENCE UPSR FORMAT 2008 BILLINGUAL 1. MALAY 2. ENGLISH

THE SCIENCE UPSR FORMAT 2008


SECTION QUESTION STRUCTURE NUMBER OF QUESTIONS MARKS PERCENT AGE

A
1.

OBJECTIVE
MULTIPLE CHOICE

30 4-5

30 20

60 40

SUBJECTIVE

TOTAL MARKS

50

100%

TIME MANEGEMENT TO ANSWER QUESTIONS


SECTION QUESTION STRUCTURE MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS NUMBER OF QUESTIONS TIME TO ANSWER

30 4-5

30 Minutes 40Minutes
5 minutes

SUBJECTIVE

Checking the answers

HOW TO EXCEL?
1. READ A LOT- ORGANISE AND COMPLETE THE INFORMATION AND FACTS. 2. A LOT OF EXERCISES- OBSERVED ENHANCE COMPETENCE AND PERFORMANCE. 3. VARIOUS SOURCES OF EXERCISES,CONTINOUS AND OBSERVED

4. NEED TO MEMORISE
5. PREPARE SHORT NOTES

WHY THE PUPILS FAIL TO EXCEL?


CANDIDATE WEAKNESSES 1. NOT ANSWERING ALL THE QUESTIONS IN SECTION B 2. MEANINGLESS ANSWERS 3. THE FACTS ARE CORRECT BUT IRRELEVANT 4. NOT A COMPLETE ANSWER 5. JUST COPYING THE QUESTIONS

HOW TO GET A
PART A

Get at least 26 / 30 marks.

Prepare a MIND MAP.


Characteristics

of light
In a straight

Refract

line

Deflect

Reflect

Phonemic Style
Colour of rainbows :

Rose Of You Give By In Person


Name of the Planets
My Very Excellent Mother Just Serve Us Nine Planets

ABOR : Acid Blue To Red

ARRANGEMENT OF PLANETS
Name of the Planets

My Very Excellent Mother Just Serve Us Nine Puddings

Identify the KEY WORDS

Underline or Circle the KEY WORDS in every question . Example :


Million of grasshoppers attack the people in a small island . The events below shows the effects of the attack.
R - Shortage of food to humans S - All plants died T - The carnivores died U - Omnivores died Which of the below shows the correct sequence of events ? A B C D R,T,U,S S,U,T,R T,R,U,S U,T,S,R

Crossing the error


EXAMPLE :
J K Boiling Evaporation

L
M

Condensation
Steam

The information above shows the process in the changes of materials . Which of the below shows the changes from liquid to gas ? A J and L B J , K and M C K , L and M D J , K , L and M

Understand simple experiment / easy for every topic to be delivered .


More faster pedal , more faster to arrive.

Stimulus on water

Stimulus on sunlight

The repelling of magnets

The FORMATION OF SHADOWS.

EXPANSION OF MATERIALS

Light Travels In A Straight Line

Phases of the MOON

Moon rotates and moves around the Earth .

Reflection of LIGHT

HOW TO GETA SECTION B SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

How to MASTER Part / Yes ! Section B? I got the


idea.

CAREFULLY READ EACH INSTRUCTION AND EXPLANATION.

KEY WORDS FROM QUESTION ESPECIALLY VARIABLES


Obtained from where ? Statements Diagrams Tables Graphs Other information given .

BEGIN ANSWERING QUESTIONS :


Observation + Inferences Hypothesis Variable Pattern / Trends Prediction Other stimulus with the same skills.

QUESTION FORMAT SECTION A

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS


1. What are the breathing organs of a

frog ?

A
B

Skin and gill


Skin and lungs

C
D

Gill and breathing pores


Lungs and breathing pores

Diagram 1

2. Diagram 1 above shows parts of the apparatus used by a group of students to show that plants breathe .Among the steps below , which one that the students do not have to do ?
A B Heat the water Record the temperature of the water

Use a newly pluck leaf

D Immerse the leaf into a beaker of warm waters

Rajah 3

3. The activity done by the factory will cause A air pollution B water pollution C water and air pollution D water , air and sound pollution

4. Which of the statement below is best to show about the rainbow ? A Rainbown form in the morning B Droplets of water causes the formation of rainbow C The rain changes sunlight into rainbow D Rain in the morning causes the formation of rainbow.

Time 0 5 10 15 20 25

Temperature / C 29 44 56 68 80 90
Table 1

5. Table 1 shows the temperature of water recorded every 5 minutes. What is the time taken for the water to boil ? A 20 minutes C 32 minutes B 25 minutes D 42 minutes

6.

A glass container with ice water is placed on a table for one hour . The volume of the water decreases .State the process happening ? I Melting III Condensation II Evaporation IV Steam A B C D I and II III and IV I, II and III II, III and IV

7. Which of the situation below that stop the grasshopper from breathing? I II III All the water sink in water Only the head sink in the water Only the body sink in the water
A B C D II only I and II I and III I, II and III

XYZ-

Soak the leaves in the beaker with warm water Observe using a magnifying glass Pluck a new leaf

8. X, Y and Z are steps in a fair test to investigate that pants breathe . Which of the below is the correct sequence ? A Y Z X

B
C D

Y
Z Z

X
X Y

Z
Y X

9. The distance between the Earth and the Sun is 150 000 000 km. What will happen if the distance become 1700 000 000 km? I All living things will be destroyed. II The Earth will be cooler . III The day will be more brighter. A B II only I and II C I and III D II and III

Time Temperature (min) ( C ) 11 50 16 60 21 70 26 80 35 100 TABLE 2 10. Table 2 shows the temperature of boiling water . Predict the temperature at the 40th. minutes . I The water boils II The temperature rises to 110 C III The temperatues changes quickly A I only B I and II C II and III D I, 11 and III

Way in answering Science UPSR Section B

Science Process Skills


OBSERVATION INFERENCE CONTROLLING VARIABLES :* What to change * What to observe / measure * What to keep the same Hypothesis INTERPRETING DATA :* Trend of change * Relationship * What is the evident about .. * Reason *Conclusion PREDICTING APLICATION QUESTIONS

OBSERVATION
USING THE FIVE SENSES . 1. WHAT IS HEARD 2. WHAT IS FELT 3. WHAT IS SMELL 4. WHAT IS TOUCHED 5. WHAT IS SEEN

Night time

Day time

State the observation above ?

Pot P

Pot Q

The fishes in Pot P is smaller than the fishes in Pot Q.

OBSERVATION

What is your OBSERVATION ?

Lets jump lets jump oh Mr. Frog lets jump Jumping round and round into the pond Swimming around having all the fun Singing out your heart with joy

Q1. From your observation, why do you think the frogs are happy?

1. There are no enemies


2. The water not contaminated 3. There are a lot of foods

INFERENCE
EARLY CONCLUSION BASED ON OBSERVATION. OBSERVATION = WHAT HAPPEN /

OBSERVATION

+ REASON

CONNECTING THE OBSERVATION WITH THE REASON THE REASON HAVE TO BE LOGICAL

In short , Inference is :Explanation on observation or the reason why it happens


Steps to answer on INFERENCES :1. Observe carefully 2. State why it happens

It can be answered as follows :1 :- Observation and the reason 2 : With reason and stating which observation is writtern as inference if there are more than one observation .

GUIDES IN ANSWERING
Question :- Write an inference for your observation in Diagram 1 . How to answer :1. State your observation :The window glass broken 2. Give a logic reason :Because a boy catapult the window The complete answer :1. The window glass broken because the boy catapult it . ( OBSERVATION + REASON ) OR 2. Because the boy catapult it . ( REASON ONLY)

INFERENCE

1. State 2 inferences on the different in sizes of fishes in Pot P and Pot Q

Pot P
Food Reared earlier

Pot Q
Breed

Hot temperature Lots of enemy Do not like sunlight

Colder temperature Less enemy

Active at night

2. CONTROLLING VARIABLES:-

Naming the : i . Things to be changed (WTC) ii. Things to be observe ( WTO) iii. Things to be kept the same (WTS) The things to be observed is the result of the things that to be changed. At the same time , the things to be kept the same are kept constant or the same .
Reminder! Every variables have to state :Measurement / characteristic Weight + Materials Example :Measurement / characteristic Weight + Materials = ball Example on variables = Weight of ball

VARIABLES
WHAT TO KEEP THE SAME VARIABLE
FIX / SAME / DOES NOT EFFECT THE FAIR TEST

WHAT TO CHANGE VARIABLE


THINGS THAT CHANGES / THINGS THAT AFFECT THE FAIR TEST

WHAT TO OBSERVE / MEASURE VARIABLE


RESULT OF THE FAIR TEST / INVESTIGATION

Exercise 1 :-

Measurement / characteristics
Length

Things/ Matter
pillar

Temperature Size
Types

Water Tin
Surface

Shape
Time

Container Ice melts

State the measurement for the materials below .


MEASUREMENT/ CHARACTERISTICS MATERIALS

SIZE NUMBERS TYPES SHAPE TEMPERATURE SURFACE AREA COLOUR THICKNESS VOLUME

CONTAINER

Example :Container A Container B Container C

Candle 3 container of different sizes A , B , and C capsizes at the same time on three candles of the same size . What can be observed after that ? Which candle will light up longer ? Candle in container C .

Example :Container A Container B Container C

Candle 3 container of different sizes A , B , and C capsizes at the same time on three candles of the same size . What can be observed after that ? What is the measurement used to state long and fast the candle light up ? Time the candle light up .

Example :Container A Container B

Container C

Candle 3 container of different sizes A , B , and C capsizes at the same time on three candles of the same size . It shows that the candle in container A What can be observed after that the candle in container A put out faster that the other candles .
a) WTC : c) WTS: Types of candle // size of candles // same place Size of containers b) WTO Time candle put out/off

VARIABLES

Exercises on Variables :1.

Container A

Container B

Container C

WTC :-

Size // Volume // Height


2.

Tin J Tin K WTC :Colours of tins

Tin L

3.
Rope Q WTC :4. Rope R Rope S

Thickness of the rope

Vinegar WTC :

Oil

Water

Types of liquid

5.

Box A Box B WTC :- Height of box 6. Magnet X Magnet Y

Box C

Magnet Z

WTC :

Shapes of magnet

7. Thermometer

50 0 C
350 ml of oil

60 0 C

70 0 C
350 ml of oil

WTC :8.

Temperatures of oil

Ball 20 g WTC :

Ball 30 g

Ball 40 g

Mass of balls

9.

Steel container WTC :10.

Plastic container Glass Container

Types of beakers

1980

1990

2000

WTC :- Years

Examples :100
0

Thermometer 100
0

100

800 ml water

800 ml water

800 ml water

Container P

Container Q

Container R

The Diagram above shows the apparatus set up for a fair test / investigation. All three containers are at the place and time for 2 hours .

Examples :100
0

Thermometer 100
0

100

800 ml water

800 ml water

800 ml water

Bekas P Bekas Q Bekas R a) State the variables involved :i) WTC : Surface area of containers ii) WTO : Temperature / Volume of water left iii) WTS : Volume of water at first // Types of containers// First temperature // The colour of container .

Identifying Variables
Variable can be known through the information shown below: 1. X Axis - ( Horizontal) : WTC

Y Axis - ( Vertical ) : WTO


2. Column and Row in a Table .

Example of Graf
Temperature
60 50 40 30 20 10 0 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 Temperature Time

Time

Example: The row table


First Row : WTC

Time (minutes) Temperature (C)

3 28

6 32

9 36

12 40

Second Row : WTO

Examples: Vertical Table


WTC Weight of fertilizer ( gram) Height of Tree ( cm )

WTO

3.0

10 15
20

3.5 4.0
4.5

Ball Left Off


Height left off ( cm ) Height of Bounce ( cm ) 60 50 38

150
120 90

60
30

24
8

Hypothesis :Making a general statement about the relationship between a manipulated variable and a responding variable to explain an observation or event . The statement can be tested to determine its validity . . Steps in answering Hypothesis :1. Identify What to Change ( WTC )

2. Identify What to Observe / Measure (WTO)


3. Use the links below to make the hypothesis :* more wtc more wto * nearer wtc bigger/smaller wto * any other acceptable answer

Example on Hypothesis :-

2 liter of water

2 liter of water

Container R

Container S

The same kind of fishes are placed in container R and S .After a week , the average weight of the fishes are recorded .

Example on Hypothesis :-

2 liter of water

2 liter of water

Container R

Container S

The same kind of fishes are placed in container R and S .After a week , the average weight of the fishes are recorded .

Examples on Hypothesis :-

2 liter air

2 liter air

a) State two variables in the investigation above .

Container R

Container S

WTC : WTO:

Number of fish . Average weight of fish.

Guide in answering the Hypothesis question :-

1. WTC : Number of fish 2. WTO : Average weight of fish 3. The relation of WTC and WTO. Example of answer :*More fish less average weight of fish . *Less fish more average weight of fish.

INTERPRETING :Giving rational explanations about an object , event or pattern derived from collected data . The data collected are in various form like tables , drawings ,graphs . Example questions :-

1. What can be stated about 2. State the relation between the two variables ? 3. State the changes in pattern / trend ? 4. Write the aim of the fair test / investigation .. 5. Write a conclusion from the information.

Example on Interpreting Data :-

900 ml water Black Tin White Tin

900 ml water

900 ml water Blue Tin

Diagram 3 shows an investigation done on three different coloured Tins with the same volume of water. All the tins are placed under the sunlight . The volume of water is recorded after 10 minutes as shown in Table 2 .

Examples of Interpreting Data :-

Tin
Black
White Blue

Volume of water / ml
minutes

minutes

10

minutes

20

minutes

30

minutes

40

900

880

840

780

700

900
900

895
890

890
870

885
840

880
800

a) Two information :- ( WTC and WTO ) Answer :WTC :Colour of tin WTO : volume of water.

EXAMPLES ON INTERPRETING DATA :-

Tin
Black

Volume of water / ml
minutes

minutes

10

minutes

20

minutes

30

minutes

40

900

880

840

780

700

White
Blue

900
900

895
890

890
870

885
840

880
800

b) What is the relation between the colour and the volume of water in the tin . Answer : More darker colour less volume of water Iin the tin .

Less darker colour more volume of water.

Changes of Pattern / Trend of reading .


1.

20 , 40 , 60 , 80 , 100

Answer: Increase //more 2.

200 , 150 , 100 , 50 , 0

Answer : Decrease // Less


3.

100 , 100 , 100 , 100 , 100


Constant // Level // fix

Answer :

Try stating the trend of change below .


1.

20 , 23 , 20, 23 , 20 , 23
Answer : Increase , decrease and increase .

2.

10 , 20 , 30 , 30 , 20 , 20 , 30 , 40 , 30 , 20 .
Increase, constant, decrease and increase .

Answer :

PREDICTION :Making a forecast about what will happen in the future based on prior knowledge gained through experience and collected data .
Guided answer :i) Form numbers if the data are in numbers can be read based on the changes in reading . ii) Form words if the information are in words / diagrams / pictures that cannot be read or counted in numbers .

3. Predict the time taken fro the water to boil using six candles ?

15 minutes

Container P

Container Q

Container R

Container Time water boils/ minutes

P 55

Q 45

R 35

DIAGRAM 5
Layer of oil Tadpole

AIM OF INVESTIGATION / FAIR TEST


1. STATING THE OBJECTIVE OR AIM THE FAIR TEST OR INVESTIGATION IS DONE . 2. THERE ARE STATEMENTS , INVESTIGATION , FAIR TEST , OR IDENTIFYING . 3. STATEMENTS SHOWIN RELATION , CAUSE AND EFFECTS . 4. RELATING BETWEEN TWO VARIABLES . EXAMPLE: a) TO SHOW THE RELATION BETWEEN WTC AND WTO . b) TO SHOW THE EFFECTS OF WTC ON WTO .

3. What is the aim of the fair test below ? To show the relationship between the types of surface and the distances traveled by the toy car after 3 meter .

Types of surfaces Time taken by the toy car for the distance traveled of 3 meter (in seconds )

J 10

K 13

L 9

The diagram below shows the apparatus used in an investigation .The same amount of water is poured on the muddy soil , the misxture of muddy soil and sandy soil .The volume of water collected is then recorded .. 1. Write the purpose or aim of the investigation .

To show the relationship between types of soil and the volume of water collected .

Muddy soil

Mixture of sand and muddy soil.

Sandy soil.

6. APPLICATION QUESTIONS :Using the result of a fair test and investigation to solve problem in the daily lives .

Examples of APPLICATION:Thermometer

Cardboar d

Black Tin

White Tin Yellow Tin Diagram 4

Red Tin

Diagram 4 shows 4 tins of different colours placed under the sun . The beginning temperature of all the tins is 30 C .The temperature is recorded after 15 minutes .

Example on APPLICATION :Thermometer Cardboard

Black Tin
Tin Black

White tin

Yellow Tin

Red Tin
0

Temperature in tins after 15 mins. /

35

White
Yellow Red

30
32 33

Examples on APPLICATION :Tin Black Temperature in tins after 15 mins. /


0

White
Yellow Red

35 30 32 33

a) Based on the informaton above , why is the school uniform is white in colour ?

Answer :-

To avoid from getting warm // Light in colour absorb less heat .

UPSR SCIENCE SECTION B EXAMPLE QUESTIONS

runaway

Bricks

Types of surfaces

Types of surfaces

Jenis permukaan yang dikaji

Time taken for the toy car to travel the distance of 3 meter

J Jarak 3K L meter 10 13 9

1. State 2 variables in the fair test / investigation below .

Time taken for the toy cat to travel the distance of 3 meter.

Types of surfaces

Types of surfaces Time taken for the toy car to travel the distance of 3 meter (seconds)

J 10

K 13

L 9

2.State 2 variables to be kept the same .

Height of runaway

Types of surfaces

Types of surfaces Time taken for the toy car to travel the distance of 3 meter (seconds)

J 10

K 13

L 9

3. What is the purpose / aim of the investigation / fair test below ?

To show the relationship between the types of surface and the distances traveled by the toy car after 3 meter.

Types of surfaces

Jenis permukaan yang dikaji

Time taken for the toy car to travel the distance of 3 meter.

J Jarak 3K L meter 10 13 9

4. Based on your observation from the table below , which surface has the highest friction ?

Guide : Surface with high friction decrease the speed of car .

Answer : Surface K

Types of surfaces

Jenis permukaan yang dikaji

Time taken for the toy car to travel the distance of 3 meter.

J Jarak 3K L meter 10 13 9

4. Which type of surface causes more accidents ?

Guide : Accidents are caused by surfaces that are smooth .

Answer : Surface L

Types of surfaces

Jenis permukaan yang dikaji

J 3 meter K Jarak

L 9

Time taken for the toy car to travel the distance of 3 meter.

10

13

The Diagram below shows an investigation on the effect of temperature on time of water boils for the three beakers P,Q dan R 1. What is the relation between the 2 variable s ? More heat the faster the water boils .

Beaker P

Beaker Q

Beaker R

Beakers Time water boils/ minutes

P 55

Q 45

R 35

2. What is the trend for the water to boil if less candles is used ? Increase and constant

Beaker P

Beaker Q

Beaker R

Beakers Time water boils/ minutes

P 55

Q 45

R 35

3. Predict the time for the water to boil using 6 candles ? 15 minutes

Beaker P

Beaker Q

Beakers R

Beakers Time water boils/ minutes

P 55

Q 45

R 35

Time
7 a.m 9 a.m 11 a.m 1 p.m 3 p.m 5 p.m

Temperature Temperature of animal Y of animal Z 28 28


27 28 27 28 27 30 33 37 33 30

Write an inference to explain the differences of temperatures for animal Y and animal Z .

The temperature in the barn of animal Y decreases because


* Not moving * Resting * The barn has a roof * The number of animal is less

The temperature in the barn of animal Z increases because .. * A lot of movement * The barn has no roof * More number of animals

1. Identify two variables in this investigation / fair test . Time Temperature of the barn

2. Predict the temperature of barn Z at 6 p.m.


Time 7 a.m 9 a.m 11 a.m 1 p.m Temperature of barn animal Y 28 27 28 27

28
Temperature of barn animal Z 28 30 33 37

3 p.m
5 p.m

28
27

33
30

The diagram below shows the apparatus used in an investigation .The same amount of water is poured on the muddy soil , the misxture of muddy soil and sandy soil .The volume of water collected is then recorded .. 1. Write a purpose / an aim for this fair test . To show the relationship between types of soil and volume of water recorded .

Cotton
Water Collected

Muddy soil

Mixture of mud and sand

Sandy soil

1. State the variables in the fair test Types of soil . Volume of water collected .

Cotton
Water Collected

Muddy soil

Mixture of mud and sand

Sandy soil

1. Write a hypothesis based on the aim of the fair test.


More porous sand more water collected Less porous sand less water collected .

Cotton
Water Collected

Muddy soil

Mixture of mud and sand

Sandy soil

MANUSIA ISTIMEWA
Bersyukur kepada Tuhan Kita sebenarnya Mempunyai otak Menggunakan akal fikiran Berusaha meningkatkan ilmu pengetahuan Cekal, tabah, gigih, berkemahiran. Manusia lebih maju, istimewa Memajukan alam Menguasai hidupan Mencipta alat dan kemudahan Menjaga alam sebaiknya

SAYONARA
RUM BE NAN DRE .

Container R Diagram 1

Container S

DIAGRAM 2

DIAGRAM 3

DIAGRAM 4

TABLE 1
WTC
WTO

Length of string (cm)

Thickness of string(mm)

Pitch

50
50

1
2

High
Medium

50

Low

TABLE 2
WTC WTO

Fair test
1

Magnets size
10cm X 20cm

Distance of pin from magnet 2 cm 3 cm


4 cm

2
3

10cm X 30 cm
10 cm X 40 cm

TABLE 3
Volume of water (ml) Temperature of water (c) 50 85 100 80 150 78 200 69

GRAF

VARIABLES
What To Change (WTC) Its something that we change or alter when doing the fair test or investigation .It is also known as inference at times . What To Observe / Measure (WTO) Its the end result of an activity / fair test or investigation . Known also as the result or a justification of an observation .

STATEMENT
Fisherman use salt to make the fish last longer .

Salt
Last longer

TWC
WTO

STATEMENT
The age factor play an important role in becoming a champion the bicycle race . Age Champion
WTC

WTO