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EYE-GAZE COMMUNICATION

SHANU M CHM S5 ROLL NO47

Abstract
The Eye gaze System is a communication system for people with complex physical disabilities.

This operates with eyes by looking at control keys displayed on a screen.


With this system a person can synthesize speech, control his environment , operate a telephone, run computer software, operate a computer mouse, and access the Internet and e-mail.

Contents
Introduction Users of the eye gaze system Working Running Functionalities Operational environment Advancements Future Work Conclusion

Introduction
The Eye gaze System is a direct-select visioncontrolled communication and control system.

Who uses the eye gaze system?

This system is mainly developed for those who lack the use of their hands or voice
Its users are adults and children with cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries, brain injuries, ALS, multiple sclerosis, brainstem strokes

Skills needed by the users


Good control of one eye

Adequate vision Ability to maintain a position in front of the Eye gaze monitor

Parts of the eye gaze system

Working of the eye gaze system

How can we run this eye gaze?

The Basic Eye gaze can


Calibrate Typewrite Read Text Entertain with games Teach Screens

With Options The Eye gaze Can


BE AT TWO SITES!! BE A KEYBOARD SPEAK through a speech synthesizer CONTROL appliances DIAL and answer a phone

The Phrase Program

The telephone program

Run Second PC
As a keyboard

As a mouse controller

The Lights & appliances Program

Operational environment
The Eyegaze System must be operated in an environment where there is limited of infrared light.

The System works best away from windows, and in a room lit with fluorescent or mercuryvapor lights, which are low in infrared.

Advancements
New portable eye gaze systems

For people with limited eye control


Scanning Keyboard is the new row/column keyboard with an on- screen eye "switch" for people with limited eye movement.

Some of the common eye movement problems that interfere with Eyegaze use are
Nystagmus - constant, involuntary movement of the eyeball Alternating strabismus - eyes cannot be directed to the same object, either one deviates

The common vision problems are


Inadequate Visual acuity Diplopia (double vision) Blurred vision Cataracts (clouding of the lens of the eye)

Mental abilities that improve the probability for successful Eyegaze use

Ability to read Cognition Memory

Applications
Neurosciences /Neuropsychology Vision Research Experimental Psychology Cognitive Psychology Psycholinguistics Psychiatry /Mental Health Transportation: Flight simulators /driving simulators Robotics - remote vision control Video and arcade games

CONCLUSION
Today, the human eye-gaze can be recorded by relatively unremarkable techniques. This thesis argues that it is possible to use the eye-gaze of a computer user in the interface to aid the control of the application. Care must be taken, though, that eye-gaze tracking data is used in a sensible way, since the nature of human eye-movements is a combination of several voluntary and involuntary cognitive processes.