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When he was 24 years old and full pledge surgeon decided to go to Paris to learn Ophthalmology and stayed there for almost 4PURSUANT months ACTIVATED

TO GO # 341, GHQ, AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 1951. In February 7 1886, Rizal arrived in Germany.
He worked as an assistant in Dr Weckerts clinic After the publication of Noli Me Tangere in Berlin, Rizal and Dr. Viola left the City in May 11 1887, Back to Calamba.After almost five year in Europe he left Rome by train in July 3 1887 He Board Djemnah Reached Manila in August 6 1887 Rizal arrived in Yokoham Japan in Feb 23 18888 stayed in grand hotel

May 4 1888, He docked at San Francisco Port Amerika May 24 1888, he left Amerika for Liverpool England ACTIVATED PURSUANT In this place he annotated Dr. Antonio de Morgas Sucessos delas Islas TO GO # 341, GHQ, Filipinas

AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 1951. In Dapitan , he lived in the residence of Don Ricardo Carnicero,
Captain of Infantry and politico military governor of Dapitan

Dr Rizal volunteered his service as physician Spanish medical in Cuba in August 31 1896 September 30 1896 Rizal Left Spain and board the streamer Isla de Panay while the ship was cruising at the Mediterranean Minister of War and confine at Can and sent Montjuich Castle .

Dr. Pio Valenzuela, informed the former of the secret organization's attempt to rescue him and to sneak him on ACTIVATED a ship destined PURSUANT to Japan. In August 1896, during Rizal's stop over in Manila Bay, Andres AFP DATED disguised 13 JUN as 51 Bonifacio, Emilio Jacinto and other selected Katipuneros 1951. sailors of the motor Caridad so that they can easily penetrate the cruiser Castilla, then harbored at Manila Bay

TO GO # 341, GHQ,

Fishing for evidence While Rizal was held incommunicado in Fort Santiago, the Spanish authorities fished for evidence against him

ACTIVATED PURSUANT TOsuch GO # 341, GHQ, Many Filipino patriots were tortured to implicate Rizal as Deodato Arellano, Dr Pio Valenzuela, Moises Salvador, Jose Dizon Domingo Franco and Timoteo Paez AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 1951. An anteroom and an adjacent bedroom comprised his cell
Because he was held incommunicado, his relations with the wardens assigned to him were rigously controlled He knew nothing of what was happening outside and thus could not plan his course of action On 20 November Rizal appeared before Col Francisco Olive. Gov Blanco had named Col Olive judge advocate in charge of the general proceedings against insurrection, the same Oliver had led the troops in evicting the Calamebos Bay

These evidences were endorsed by Colonel Olive to Governor Ramon Blanco who designated Captain Rafael Dominguez as the Judge Advocate assigned with the task of deciding what corresponding action should be done. ACTIVATED PURSUANT

TO GO # 341, GHQ, Dominguez, after a brief review, transmitted the records to Don AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 Nicolas de la Pea, the Judge Advocate General, for an opinion. Pea's 1951. recommendations were as follows:
Rizal must be immediately sent to trial He must be held in prison under necessary security His properties must be issued with order of attachment, and as indemnity, Rizal had to pay one million pesos Instead of a civilian lawyer, only an army officer is allowed to defend Rizal.

Although given with privilege to choose his own defense counsel, this was limited to a list of 100 names both first and second lieutenants - that the Spanish authorities provided him. Of the list, one familiar name stood out Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade. PURSUANT ACTIVATED

TO GO # 341, GHQ, On the 11th of December 1896, in the presence of his Spanish counsel, AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 charges against Rizal were read. When asked regarding his sentiments or reaction on the charges, Rizal replied that 1951.
He does not question the jurisdiction of the court He has nothing to amend except that during his exile in Dapitan in 1892, he had not dealt in political matters He has nothing to admit on the charges against him He has nothing to admit on the declarations of the witnesses

Rizal's case was endorsed to Blanco's successor, Governor Camilo de Polavieja, who had the authority to command that the case be court martialed On December 15, inside his cell at Fort Santiago, Rizal wrote the ACTIVATED PURSUANT controversial Manifesto addressed to his countrymen a letter TO GO # 341, GHQ, denouncing bloody struggle, and promoting education and industry as AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 the best means to acquire independence. Judge Advocate General Nicolas de la Pea 1951. requested to Gov. Polavieja that the publication of the manifesto be prohibited, and so, the governor did.

The documentary proofs gathered by Olive consisted principally of letters found during the searches made in the houses of suspected organizers of katipunan.

ACTIVATED PURSUANT Most of the documents did not constitute proff Rizal at all, TO against GO # 341, GHQ, since he never talked of separatism nor of insurrection AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 Also produced were such insignificant letters as those referring to 1951.or the merienda in the polemic he had with lete, the Borneo colony
Rizals honor in Madrid There were some Masonic letters mentioning the matter of liberty in the abstract, of oppression as well as some protest against deportation without trial Among the papers were lyrics of Kundiman allegedly written by Rizal but which were actually by Pedro Paterno Found among the documents too were fragments of speeches made in the meetings of the Katipunan when Rizal was in Dapitan, which ended in cheers for him, and of which he was completely ignorant

For five days Olive interrogated Rizal regarding all the points he was implicated in based on documents and testimonies Rizal admitted that he had seen him in Dapitan, together with a patient with an eye ailment, but he had not known him before nor ACTIVATED PURSUANT did he hear of him after visit TO GO # 341, GHQ, When asked whether he had organized an association were to AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 promote discipline among the members 1951.La liga and La Asked whether there was a relationship between Solidaridad he replied that the two were independent of each other, and that when del Pilar worked for the union of these, Rizal left for Paris He added that La Liga did not have any political leanings and that politics was concern of La Solidaridad which was not under his jurisdiction

He also confirmed having gone to Tarlac during the last days of June 1892 accompanied by Pedro Serrano, to visit the northern province and to see the recently inaugurated railway to the north Olive gave special attention to the famous meeting in the house of Ongjungco ACTIVATED PURSUANT Rizal admitted having attended the meeting, for there were some Filipinos TO GO # 341, GHQ, invited him The judge advocate inquired whether it was trueAFP that he had spoken DATED 13 during JUN 51 the meeting, encouraging the Filipinos to be a worthy and free nation for otherwise they would always be at the mercy of 1951. the abuses of authorities Rizal replied that this was possible for he had spoken of this several times. December 26, about 8 o'clock in the morning, the court-martial of Rizal commenced. . The trial took place at Cuartel de Espaa, a military building, with a court composed of seven military officers headed by Lt. Col. Jose Togores Arjona. Present at the courtroom were Jose Rizal, the six other officers in uniform (Capt. Ricardo Muoz Arias, Capt. Manuel Reguera, Capt. Santiago Izquierdo Osorio, Capt. Braulio Rodriguez Nuez, Capt. Manuel Diaz Escribano, and Capt. Fernando Perez Rodriguez), Lt. Taviel de Andrade, Judge Advocate Capt. Rafael Dominguez, Lt. Enrique de Alcocer (prosecuting attorney) and a number of spectators, including Josephine Bracken

PURSUANT 341, GHQ, According to Rizal, there are twelve points AFP to prove his innocence: DATED 13 JUN 51 1. as testified by Pio Valenzuela, Rizal was against rebellion 1951.
2. he had not written a letter addressed to the Katipunan comprising revolutionary elements 3. without his knowledge, his name was used by the Katipunan; if he really was guilty, he could have escaped while he was in Singapore 4. if he was guilty, he should have left the country while in exile; he shouldn't have built a home, bought a parcel of land or established a hospital in Dapitan. 5. if he was really the leader of the revolution, the revolutionists should have consulted him.

Judge Advocate Dominguez opened the trial Lt Enrique Alcocer reiterate charges against Rizal Three Crimes were accused Rebellion ACTIVATED Sedition TO GO # Illegal Association

6. he did not deny that he wrote the by-laws of the La Liga Filipina, but to make things clear, the organization was a civic association, not a revolutionary society. 7. after the first meeting of La Liga, the association banished because ACTIVATED PURSUANT of his exile in Dapitan, thus, did not last long. TO GO # 341, GHQ, 8. if the La Liga was reorganized nine months later, he had no idea AFP DATED 13 JUN 51 about it 1951. 9. if the La Liga had a revolutionary purpose, then Katipunan should not have been organized. 10.0 if the Spanish authorities found his letters having bitter atmosphere, it was because in 1890 his family was being persecuted resulting to their dispossession of properties and deportation of all his brothers-in-law. 11. he lived an exemplary life in Dapitan the politico-military commanders and missionary priests in the province could attest to that. 12. if according to witnesses the speech he delivered at Doroteo Ongjunco's house had inspired the revolution, then he want to confront these persons. If he really was for the revolution, then why did the Katipunan sent an unfamiliar emissary to him in Dapitan? It is so because all his friends were aware that he never advocated violence.

at 6 o'clock in the morning of December 29, 1896, read before him the official notice of his execution, scheduled the next day

Late at night, around 10 o'clock, a retraction letter prepared by Archbishop ACTIVATED PURSUANT Bernardino Nozaleda was presented to Rizal, however, he rejected it for TO GO # 341, GHQ, being too long.
Fr. Balaguer, on the other hand, showed another draft from Fr. Pio Pi, which Rizal liked but wanted some parts of which be1951. changed. By 11:30pm, Rizal wrote and signed the retraction letter in which he renounced the mason movement


By 6:30am, Rizal's march to Bagumbayan commenced. He in his black suit, black necktie, black hat, black shoes and white vest calmly walked from his prison cell in Fort Santiago to the execution site, with Lt. Taviel de Andrade on one side, and Fathers Estanislao March and Jose Villaclara, on the other side A physician by the name of Dr. Felipe Ruiz Castillo, was amazed that Rizal's vital signs were normal, particularly his pulse rate

Jose Rizal died at exactly 7:03 in the morning of December 30.