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UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES

SHIMOGA

Submitted to
Dr Sheshagiri K S
Associate professor
Dept. of horticulture
College of Agriculture
UAHS
Navule Shimoga

)

TOPIC
AREA AND PRODUCTION OF
VEGETABLE CROPS IN
WORLD AND INDIA

. which are consumed generally in the unripe stage after cooking.Vegetable The term vegetable is applied to the edible herbaceous plant or plant parts thereof.

       Brinjal Cabbage Cauliflower Okra Onion Peas Tomato .

carbohydrates. calcium K. mineras. They produce taste. minerals and amino acids they are considered as protective supplementary food. Amaranth. nutrients and vitamins. cabbage. . Sweet potato and potato are well known for carbohydrates. Peas and beans are enriched with proteins. protein etc. Nutrients which are present in vegetables vary from crop to crop.Importance of vegetables in human nutrition:          The balanced diet contain adequate energy source. fats. They can neutralise the acids produced during digestion of proteins and fats. increase appetite and produce fair amount of fibres. spinach and bendi. beans. As vegetable contain many of the dietary factors like vitamins. All the leaf and fruit vegetables possess the required quantities of vitamins. Vegetable are the reliable source for many dietary factors. They maintain good health and protect against degenerative diseases. Root crops like Tapioca. beans contain large quantity of cellulose which aid in digestion. Fe are the important minerals which are lacking in cereals and these are available in abundant quantities in the vegetables like peas.

peas and cherry tomato have been short listed by APEDA for export. potato. sweet corn. South East Asian and Gulf countries. 3. Traditional vegetables like onion.98 million ha. Vegetables crops have high export potential and vegetables worth of Rs 4431 crores are being exported annually both in fresh form or processed form. we can ensure year round availability of vegetables. Srilanka. Bangladesh and Nepal.Annually we produce about 129 million tonnes of vegetables from an area of 7. Non traditional vegetables are being imported by Australia. By improving post harvest techniques. 1. 4. Singapore. beans. Malaysia. and storage facilities contribute to 25% loss of vegetables produced. Among the different vegetables. onion and traditional vegetables are being imported by gulf countries. European countries. only 1% is being utilized by the processing industry. (2009 NHB Data) 2. .4 percentage to the world’s production. bhendi. contributing 13. bitter gourd and chillies and non traditional vegetables like asparagus. Inadequate preservation techniques. paprika. celery. Out of the total out put of vegetables. APEDA is the nodal organization involved in regulation of export and import of various food products. baby corn. thus earning valuable foreign exchange to the country. 77% of the onion produced is being exported.

GRAPH OF VEGETABLES PRODUCTION IN WORLD .

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766 0.000 28.036 0.662 17.820 3.No.500 12.057 4.250 56.270.560 532.900 3.700 17.999 22.304 12.450 23.540 1.730 2.155 0.013 0.567 0.950 0.310 21.500 0.300 1.020 0.064 10.945.800 90.409 16.208 0.186.388 17.215 4.107 0.316 17.866 0.620 12.019 0.419 0.137 0.100 22.382 1.124 2.100 0.750 25.239 0.420 0.S.370 1.000 Area ('000'HA.000 17.429 13.468 2.630 0.214 0.910 2.510 260.020 0.337 0.013 19.040 281.003 0.234 0.524.250 25.530 17.690 4.540 525.800 71.133 18.570 26.072 0.628 25.210 0.200 1.480 12.940 438.620 2.250 0.271.330 5.228 2.006 5.472 3.065 2.560 13.489 0.110 73.810 0.806 15. Year State 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 24 2011-2012 25 26 27 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 West Bengal Orissa Andhra Pradesh Bihar Gujarat Madhya Pradesh Maharastra Chhattisgarh Karnataka Jharkhand Haryana Assam Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh Punjab Jammu & Kashmir Tripura Uttrakhand Rajasthan Delhi Himachal Pradesh Mizoram Meghalaya Andaman & Nicobar Islands Nagaland Dadra & Nagar Haveli Sikkim 28 2011-2012 Pondicherry 29 2011-2012 Lakshadweep 160.358 0.028 0.304 0.020 130.200 1.080 0.000 1.058 1.080 76.997 15.445 3.804 11.017 0.981 3.614 4.061 0.000 502.023 8.380 2.318 0.070 2.564 18.400 6.500 Percentage Of Total Production 23.198 20.650 45.170 27.810 16.719 0.780 17.050 26.101 0.888 6.026 31.111 10.070 10.520 10.390 2.563 4.198 0.623 11.155 3.) Percentage Of Total Area Production ('000'MT.335 2.920 1.100 295.495 7.050 219.202 0.575 2.740 0.807 19.125 0.012 2.609 5.161 23.240 30.250 1.) Productivity 18.318 21.282 2.778 .070 30.

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534 3.040 7.449 0.719 0.580 1.342 0.643 25.490 37.665 0.000 Area ('000'HA.838.148 20.218 5.423 13.000 376.051 2.001 28.450 560.425 4.850 84.070 6.S.030 15.000 19.155 0.790 1.980 5.870 79.200 27.999 20.500 58.508 1.100 1.910 1.578 0.378 7.486 0.305 0.817 .210 28.346 0.176 0.724 6.918 5.750 2.065 0.110 100.570 20.989 2.472 2.240 7.596 28.130 17.013 389.063 0.773 18.796 1.884 3.941 5.676 0.No.550 37.326 0.250 8.373 0.700 67.280 282.072 32.725 19.190 1.470 39.640 58.783 0.700 4.877 4.150 62.620 100.695.159 7.580 30.174 4.410 12.500 2.750 2.750 2.200 3.162.837 10.490 5.800 1.070 76.990 641.910 28.950 28.910 383.490 1.080 73.730 0.573 29.375 1. Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 26 2011-2012 Total State Haryana West Bengal Orissa Bihar Assam Gujarat Jharkhand Andhra Pradesh Maharastra Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh Karnataka Himachal Pradesh Tamil Nadu Punjab Jammu & Kashmir Uttrakhand Tripura Uttar Pradesh Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Sikkim Rajasthan Andaman & Nicobar Islands 14.100 9.639 1.502 14.270 0.611 19.083 0.) Percentage Of Total Area Production ('000'MT.080 433.620 0.420 7.540 9.230 72.026 18.873 19.636 10.112 21.020 194.877 16.671 0.476 0.540 0.149.927 31.700 148.000 10.944 7.782 5.644 10.282 0.602 1.240 734.706 10.780 41.158 19.402 4.930 19.740 477.830 1.) Productivity 191.440 Percentage Of Total Production 24.460 4.004 3.590 1.

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270 0.485 15.000 3.832 1.306 0.770 0.402 6.100 2.533 0.561 7.629 0.) 1.280 Percentage Of Total Area 18.720 390.108 11.220 682. Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 27 2011-2012 State West Bengal Bihar Orissa Haryana Madhya Pradesh Gujarat Jharkhand Assam Chhattisgarh Uttar Pradesh Maharastra Punjab Jammu & Kashmir Delhi Karnataka Himachal Pradesh Tripura Meghalaya Uttrakhand Rajasthan Manipur Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Sikkim Mizoram Nagaland Andaman & Nicobar Islands Area ('000'HA.310 5.350 4.157 1.107 0.350 22.499 18.960 2.387 20.400 0.572 2.860 0.636 5.910 9.592 17.480 14.200 36.440 4.104 0.350 329.192 0.190 1.280 576.250 4.460 1.500 337.550 81.680 189.195 0.444 0.898 14.900 17.704 2.963 13.910 10.420 0.335 3.560 0.900 6.613 0.303 0.110 23.700 3.123 1.623 9.987 18.997 15.037 0.054 5.799 2.750 9.280 18.331 0.160 1.530 85.660 1.950 7.054 0.950 45.) 71.670 32.952 18.788 15.870 3.000 2.452 6.054 0.980 205.853 17.559 2.719 9.793 0.500 0.200 45.150 4.281 16.072 Production ('000'MT.384 0.590 4.000 8.090 2.821.787 5.440 62.100 63.333 9.289 7.950 30.000 158.557 35.234 18.351 15.136 1.499 0.710 1.155.536 2.No.180 29.S.250 .203 0.664 7.210 378.255 20.755 18.450 20.610 24.509 18.197 0.660 21.750 Percentage Of Total Production 24.839 2.750 0.640 584.279 0.260 82.109 19.490 2.445 4.024 Productivity 25.020 39.430 21.848 5.873 26.102 0.

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690 135.648 13.953 4.675 7.446 11.214 1.590 25.250 651.437 14.058 0.230 19.100 1.000 23.300 2.) Percentage Of Total Area Production ('000'MT.650 Percentage Of Total Production 19.046 4.120 4. Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 21 2011-2012 22 23 2011-2012 2011-2012 Total State Andhra Pradesh West Bengal Bihar Gujarat Orissa Jharkhand Maharastra Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh Assam Haryana Uttar Pradesh Karnataka Jammu & Kashmir Uttrakhand Punjab Delhi Mizoram Rajasthan Sikkim Andaman & Nicobar Islands Nagaland Pondicherry 80.241 0.196 0.687 0.080 0.202.613 12.366 12.000 863.987 10.446 0.467 2.175 3.000 0.520 3.172 1.660 23.622 7.810 444.960 77.No.545 4.721 0.308 0.520 15.154 100.065 4.001 11.965 2.355 17.910 27.000 310.760 11.730 317.000 2.950 3.110 0.316 0.833 8.) Productivity 15.019 6.990 27.800 519.790 12.560 31.490 6.015 6.410 67.371 0.740 1.350 3.259.008 100.095 13.390 0.390 139.998 15.490 9.770 21.075 0.792 0.380 59.200 154.029 2.356 10.519 6.037 0.414 7.290 18.700 42.204 13.058 .S.708 3.600 2.329 11.459 10.568 0.141 9.399 14.232 2.000 65.000 Area ('000'HA.609 13.796 13.770 11.260 717.214 0.105 5.660 1.485 0.340 2.340 0.185 11.117 0.283 6.965 9.614 2.643 0.280 7.060 8.787 13.181 0.500 825.601 13.000 252.130 74.512 0.442 0.

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520 73.041 0.100 Percentage Of Total Production 32.025 0.991 11.190 1.001 100.028 0.400 0.043 0.585 9.638.000 100.000 1.810 48.240 2.758 0.224 0.087.373 0.018 0.940 22.267 14.850 3.160 23.917 16.234 2.298 8.236.793 3.750 5.120 35.562.307 16.270 39.063 4.178 2.200 8.451.197 13.131 0.311 7.221 25.810 2.949 4.048 15.106 .207 0.957.134 16.990 383.999 9.525 3.S.994 1.952 17.300 0.037 0.009 0.756 2.487 14.) 5.176 8.690 15.450 37.) 382.No.171 22.902 10.300 53.940 8.860 4.739 1.021 0.470 318.202 0.638 4.187 20.921 7.350 0.000 Productivity 14.830 556.270 36.690 65.450 0.282 0.100 1.050 17.120 1.200 88.770 664.070 61.137 0.000 Production ('000'MT.042 21.833 22.450 418.368 3.740 3.190 304.640 0.970 22.300 23.120 0.467 5.983 16.817 1.100 5.000 16.444 1.998 11.269 1.740 824.393 2.220 589.262 0.759 13.414 3.460 27.380 3.125 8.500 2.710 3.210 182.560 222.680 13.700 21.000 177.260 Percentage Of Total Area 35.485 22.000 2.010 1.200 1.300 0.463 6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Year 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 Total State Maharastra Karnataka Madhya Pradesh Gujarat Bihar Andhra Pradesh Rajasthan Haryana Tamil Nadu Orissa Uttar Pradesh Jharkhand West Bengal Chhattisgarh Punjab Jammu & Kashmir Uttrakhand Himachal Pradesh Assam Delhi Mizoram Meghalaya Nagaland Sikkim Pondicherry Area ('000'HA.511.044 0.179 1.480 0.747 0.200 1.

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059 0.800 12.084 1.440 2.) Productivity 9.160 10.440 2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Year 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 Total State Uttar Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Jharkhand Himachal Pradesh Punjab West Bengal Chhattisgarh Haryana Andhra Pradesh Bihar Uttrakhand Jammu & Kashmir Orissa Maharastra Manipur Rajasthan Assam Karnataka Sikkim Delhi Nagaland Meghalaya Mizoram Lakshadweep 161.770 8.201 0.350 9.815 11.819 1.142 0.620 13.880 9.173 .002 1.222 9.970 258.600 23.597 0.603 0.200 6.480 0.452 14.506 6.616 35.587 5.201 0.700 21.100 8.990 0.650 10.050 58.751 11.899 5.200 0.551 1.609 3.067 5.498 3.403 1.913 9.580 18.650 2.000 3.300 22.010 Percentage Of Total Production 42.200 2.350 0.817 8.940 131.596 6.680 47.243 0.S.383 0.790 5.520 22.161 3.476 4.744.000 9.840 100.243 0.366 3.740 12.272 6.279 7.000 4.100 1.233 0.854 0.810 2.610 0.605 11.710 7.210 355.560 15.826 5.970 0.080 52.800 452.000 118.205 1.303 2.230 100.671 4.000 46.149 0.150 19.076 9.193 2.234 0.140 78.700 20.497 0.804 0.602.000 408.934 5.255 1.310 2.400 82.000 Area ('000'HA.483 0.269 0.432 2.530 47.540 22.820 0.536 5.650 13.118 0.370 82.010 39.051 11.168 2.) Percentage Of Total Area Production ('000'MT.140 6.640 91.930 11.683 1.350 200.909 4.No.064 8.520 5.583 1.576 2.850 1.

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500 2.636 0.180 483.300 47.No.049 0.240 122.600 22.296 0.400 652.342 0.000 20.900 0.236 1.) 14.865.198 16.370 0.910 6.429 0.051 23.220 201.030 18.380 45.370 0.101.660 376.750 127.729 19.965 0.840 6.190 11.010 9.080 9.792 2.379 1.000 Productivity 24.592 17.883 25.110 87.360 29.260 Percentage Of Total Area 30.524 0.820 8.040 0.155 0.320 0.684 25.850 579.396 1.000 12.453 1.649 8.397 0.750 315.237 0.948 23.433 20.717 4.680 783.482.) 567.497 0.897 4.970 1.046 0.017 0.395.326 4.820 25.765 14.956 0.020 164.S.332 20.006 100.414 17.889 14.269 22.253 0.775 5.820 360.103.693.307 0.900 4.492 1.690 2.096 0.264 0.761 0.770 4.860 17.000 433.888 1.164 1.520 41.670 Percentage Of Total Production 34.245 14.050 178.367 14.209 0.000 Production ('000'MT.150 16.013 0.485 0.168 15.000 16.440 2.920 9.858 0.790 618.114 0.700 84.491 2.235 18.000 12.960 104.170 80. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Year 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 Total State Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Bihar Gujarat Punjab Madhya Pradesh Assam Jharkhand Haryana Chhattisgarh Karnataka Uttrakhand Maharastra Himachal Pradesh Orissa Rajasthan Meghalaya Jammu & Kashmir Tripura Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh Sikkim Arunachal Pradesh Nagaland Delhi Kerala Mizoram Area ('000'HA.574 1.750 5.240 .038 0.225 0.090 40.509 4.709 5.400 25.696 6.773 17.750 27.816.820 41.058 109.200 4.000 14.125.247 0.710 0.980 4.330 6.980 89.011 100.868 0.000 206.600 2.015 20.033 19.200 1.190 4.072 4.890 98.

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041 7 2011-2012 Meghalaya 4.080 0.455 17 2011-2012 Lakshadweep 0.917 20.852 9.000 1.980 20.800 39.390 3.446 3.550 1.082 5.379 36.755 12 2011-2012 Kerala 0. Year State Area ('000'HA.850 0.460 0.083 10 2011-2012 Bihar 0.940 0.934 5 2011-2012 Chhattisgarh 3.710 0.) Percentage Of Total Area Production ('000'MT.040.100 0.S.296 4.031 6 2011-2012 Madhya Pradesh 2.068 6.649 9.760 0.960 22.285 16.429 .370 0.496 3.752 13.400 15.398 3.986 14.400 3.No.975 24.000 Total 9.817 236.716 12.108 9 2011-2012 Andhra Pradesh 0.881 9.110 0.480 0.336 1.136 0.762 226.926 20.830 0.030 21.667 16 2011-2012 Mizoram 0.351 13 2011-2012 Karnataka 2.370 1.180 1.435 9.680 39.421 10.422 2 2011-2012 West Bengal 22.739 11 2011-2012 Nagaland 0.570 0.335 4.990 4 2011-2012 Assam 9.540 0.313 11.678 412.170 0.030 0.150 0.027 0.053 15 2011-2012 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 0.700 2.439 12.307 8 2011-2012 Tamil Nadu 0.500 0.000 110.120 0.) Percentage Of Total Production Productivity 1 2011-2012 Orissa 43.688 3.610 3.390 100.640 0.070 2.012 4.296 14 2011-2012 Rajasthan 0.216 35.417 9.250 8.766 10.312 3 2011-2012 Uttar Pradesh 17.840 100.550 3.

248 24.922 5.105 0.157 6.660 29.102 1.650 1.216 0. Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 28 2011-2012 State Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Orissa Madhya Pradesh Bihar West Bengal Gujarat Maharastra Chhattisgarh Tamil Nadu Haryana Himachal Pradesh Assam Uttar Pradesh Jharkhand Punjab Uttrakhand Jammu & Kashmir Rajasthan Tripura Meghalaya Delhi Manipur Nagaland Sikkim Mizoram Dadra & Nagar Haveli Andaman & Nicobar Islands Area ('000'HA.869 0.540 605.378.250 6.132 1.472 0.115 2.077 0.590 1.007.984 1.700 0.122 21.310 47.468 15.015.034 0.390 7.207 0.090 48.548 0.640 5.998 25.424 15.851 24.010 0.000 35.465 39.000 44.800 22.121 0.530 26.590 160.420 1.740 265.684 9.500 1.680 24.272 0.S.251 24.364 0.044 0.104.249 10.150 Percentage Of Total Production 32.430 2.986.070 10.760 56.092.145 2.440 417.600 96.044 0.852 3.580 1.154 .399 3.500 1.720 55.098 5.663 0.138 6.144 0.No.627 24.200 88.395 1.146 0.923 5.480 1.400 0.001 Productivity 20.500 1.) 300.570 8.580 17.171 4.390 1.000 23.089 4.000 397.946 0.174 0.158 0.606 3.914 3.236 5.440 400.422 1.) 6.270 247.260 27.201 6.104.090 67.760 1.014 Production ('000'MT.066 18.160 6.097 14.230 42.736 2.000 718.246 2.653 11.416 19.292 4.650 7.000 16.158 0.470 1.857 5.790 3.711 10.327 0.400 23.240 10.421 40.130 Percentage Of Total Area 33.100 1.740 102.180 55.979 16.960 1.862 0.320 0.520 8.719 0.950 6.663 6.570 28.349.800 0.741 9.500 8.969 0.970 38.956 20.238 2.950 0.439 8.046 0.