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National Action Plan on Climate Change

Kiran Apsunde

Secc 0212

Mission Aims & Objectives 4. Current Status 11. Institutional Arrangement 9.National Solar Mission 1. Importance and relevance of solar energy for India 3. Human Resource Development (HRD) 8. The Solar Scam Towards Building Solar India . Financing the Mission Activities 10. Research & Development 7. Introduction  Content 2. Mission Strategies (Phase I & II) 6. Mission Targets 5.

It will also constitute a major contribution by India to the global effort to meet the challenge of Climate Change. Based on this vision the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission was launched on 30th June 2008. under the brand name “Solar India”. Towards Building Solar India . Solar energy. therefore. The JNNSM is a major initiative of the GoI and State Governments to promote ecologically sustainable growth while addressing India’s energy security challenge. Source: JNNSM. has great potential as future energy source.National Solar Mission 1. thereby empowering people at grassroots level. It also has the advantage of permitting the decentralized distribution of energy. June 2008. Introduction India is a tropical country. where sunshine is available for longer hours per day and in great intensity.

Towards Building Solar India . Source: JNNSM. Importance and relevance of solar energy for India  Cost  Currently High  JNNSM aims at driving down costs by rapid scale-up of capacity & technological innovations.National Solar Mission 2. Scalability  Vast solar Potential  5000 trillion kWh /year energy incident over India’s Land area with most parts receiving 4-7 kWh/m2 /day. Environmental Impact  Environment Friendly as it has zero emission while generating energy. June 2008. Security of Source  Most secure source since it is abundantly available.

National Solar Mission 3. Towards Building Solar India . Immediate Aim of the mission is to focus on setting up an enabling environment for solar technology both at centralized and decentralized level. Mission anticipates achieving grid parity by 2022 and parity with coal based thermal power by 2030. Mission Aims & Objectives Driving down cost of solar energy by rapid scale-up of capacity. Source: JNNSM. June 2008. by creating the policy conditions for its diffusion across the country as quickly as possible. manufacturing & technological innovations. To establish India as a global leader in solar energy.

grid Applications Solar Thermal Collectors Area Solar Lighting Systems 1.000 MW 15 million Sq.m 20 million Utility grid power Off.000 MW 2.m -- Phase.000 MW 200 MW 7 million Sq.National Solar Mission 4. a 3.m -- Source: JNNSM. Towards Building Solar India .000 MW 20 million Sq.phase approach has been formulated.000-2.** Application Segment Phase .I 2010-13 Phase-II 2013-17 4000-10. June 2008. Mission Targets **For achieving the mission targets.000 MW 1.III 2017-22 20.

National Solar Mission 5. high quality solar manufacturing through implementation of Special Incentive Package policy. domestic manufacturing and development of solar power generation and thus create the critical mass for domestic solar industry. Towards Building Solar India . Source: JNNSM. domestic and industrial. etc. open access consumers.  RPO will be gradually increased while the tariff fixed for solar power purchase will decline over time.  Introducing Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO)  Distribution companies. June 2008.  The below 80˚C challenge  The mission is setting an ambitious target for ensuring that applications. Mission Strategies (Phase I & II)  To Attract Investors  The policy announcement will create the necessary environment to attract industry and project developers to invest in research.  Manufacturing Capabilities: Innovate. leap-frogging from the fossil fuel trajectory of growth. will be obligated to buy a certain percentage of their power from renewable source of energy.  The off-grid opportunity: Lighting homes of the power-deprived poor  To ensure that people living in the remote and far-flung areas (where grid penetration is neither feasible nor cost effective) move directly to solar. below 80˚C are solarised. Expand & Disseminate  To achieve the capability of producing low cost.

the mission may include the following: Setting up a high level Research Council comprising eminent scientists. Source: JNNSM. industry. To support the R&D strategy. Government and Civil Society to guide the overall technology development strategy. technical experts and representatives from academic and research institutions. Towards Building Solar India . research groups and high-tech start up companies. A National Centre of Excellence (NCE) shall be established to implement the technology development plan formulated by the Research Council and serve as its Secretariat. which will focus on improving efficiency in existing applications and reducing space-intensity. The NCE will serve as the funding agency to support solar R&D programmes. The Council will review and update the technology roadmap to achieve more rapid technological innovation and cost reduction. validate research outcomes and serve as an apex centre for testing and certification and for developing standards and specifications for the Solar industry. June 2008. Research & Development This Mission will launch a major R&D programme in Solar Energy.National Solar Mission 6. It Will also be the main interface with international research institutions. It will coordinate the work of various R&D centres.

Human Resource Development (HRD) It is envisaged that the end of mission period.  A Government Fellowship programme (at postgraduate & research levels) to train 100 selected engineers and scientists in solar energy in world class institutions abroad will be taken up.National Solar Mission 7.000 trained and specialized personnel across the skill spectrum. solar industry will employ at least 100. with financial assistance from Government. Setting up of a National Centre for photovoltaic Research & Education at IIT. Mumbai. Towards Building Solar India .  The DG of Education & Traning under the Ministry of Labor has agreed to introduce training modules for course materials for technicians in order to create a skilled workforce which could service and maintain solar applications. postgraduate & PhD level). June 2008. Following steps may be required for HRD:  IITs and premier Engineering colleges will be involved to design and develop specialized courses in solar energy (at graduate. Source: JNNSM.

Institutional Arrangement Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Solar Energy Authority Mission Steering Group Minister.National Solar Mission 8. Towards Building Solar India . MNRE Mission Executive Committee Secretary. MNRE PM’s Council on Climate Change Mission Director Additional Secretary Solar Research Council Eminent Scientist Industry Advisory Council Source: JNNSM. June 2008.

which would enable up scaling of Mission target. Towards Building Solar India . First stage A Grid Connected Power Plants 1.00. 5. 16500 crores B Off-Grid Applications 200 MW Rs. 3.000 crores C Solar Thermal collectors 7 million meter square Rs. Financing the Mission Activities The Fund requirements for the mission would be met from:  Budgetary support for the activities under the NSM established under the MNRE.000 crores Source: JNNSM. 7000 crores Second Stage 20.000 crores 2.National Solar Mission 9.  International Funds under the UNFCCC framework.100 MW Approximately Rs. June 2008.000 MW Approximately Rs. 50000 crores 20 million meter square Rs.000 MW Rs. 20.

Current Status The National Solar Mission. Source: http://www. The solar PV projects under batch 2 of phase 1. power purchase agreements were signed for 27 projects for a capacity of 470 MW in batch 1. signed the PPA in January this year and will commission by February 2013. The government had signed power purchase agreements (PPA) with 28 solar power developers for 140-MW solar photo voltaic (PV) projects in January 2011.000 crore.9 MW so far. which aims to install 20.000 MW capacity of solar energy by 2020.National Solar Mission 10. out of which 125-MW of capacity stands commissioned currently. has commissioned 89% of its allotted capacity in its first stage. The total installed capacity of solar generated power in the country stands at Towards Building Solar India . as estimated by the ministry is about Rs 6. For solar thermal sector. with the selected capacity of 340 MW. The total investment.cseindia. They would be commissioned by May 2013.

National Solar Mission 11. Source: http://www. In the first batch of the bidding process.000 crore. This company floated front companies and grabbed no less than nine projects worth 235 MW with assured revenue of 13. This is about 40% of the 620 MW worth of projects auctioned by the government during the first batch of the first phase of the Solar Mission. 150 MW of solar PV plants and 470 MW of solar thermal power plants were bid out with no company (including its affiliates. The Solar Scam In its first phase.000 MW worth of projects were to be bid out by 2013. Towards Building Solar India .org. subsidiaries etc) permitted to bid for more than 5 MW of solar PV and 100 MW of solar thermal each.cseindia. 1. These guidelines were blatantly flouted by Lanco Infratech.

Towards Building Solar India.National Solar Mission  References JNNSM.cesindia.  Towards Building Solar India . 30th June 2008.

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