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Figurative Language and Idiomatic

Presented By : Heu Wai Yee : Lee Hooi Sun : Lim Koh Kheng : Lisa Wong Siao Ching

Figurative Language
Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation. When a writer uses literal language, he or she is simply stating the facts as they are. Figurative language, in comparison, uses exaggerations or alterations to make a particular linguistic point. Figurative language is very common in poetry, but is also used in prose and nonfiction writing as well.

For example : • Simile • Metaphor • Alliteration • Personification • Hyperbole • Onomatopoeia • Idiom • Cliché • Symbolism .There are many different types of figurative language.

One example of a simile would be to say. One example of a metaphor would be to say. “Nobody invites Edward to parties because he is a wet blanket. but does not use like or as. “Jamie runs as fast as the wind.” • Metaphor : A metaphor is a comparison made between things which are essentially not alike.• Simile : A simile is a comparison that often uses the words like or as.” . It is similar to a simile.

• Personification : When something that is not human is given human-like qualities. or group of sounds in a series of words. An example of personification would be to say. Example: She sells seashells by the seashore. sound. Alliteration includes tongue twisters. this is known as personification.” .• Alliteration : The repetition of the same initial letter. “The leaves danced in the wind on the cold October afternoon.

One example of onomatopoeia would be to say. One of example of hyperbole would be to say. to make a particular point is known as hyperbole.• Hyperbole : Exaggerating. “My eyes widened at the sight of the mile-high ice cream cones we were having for dessert.” .” • Onomatopoeia : When you name an action by imitating the sound associated with it. “The bees buzz angrily when their hive is disturbed. often in a humorous way. this is known as onomatopoeia.

.” Many idioms that are frequently used are also considered clichés. One example of an idiom would be to say. Example: Many hands make light work.• Idiom : An idiom is an expression used by a particular group of people with a meaning that is only known through common use. “I‟m just waiting for him to kick the bucket. • Clichés : A cliché is an expression that has been used so often that it has become trite and sometimes boring.

• Symbolism : Symbolism occurs when a noun which has meaning in itself is used to represent something entirely different. One example of symbolism would be to use an image of the American flag to represent patriotism and a love for one‟s country. .

Idiomatic An idiom is a phrase where the words together have a meaning that is different from the dictionary definitions of the individual words. . which can make idioms hard for learners to understand.

LISTS OF IDIOMS BY THEME Actions – Behaviour Animals .Way of life Luck – Opportunity Memory – Remembering Mistakes – Errors Negotiations Number Plants .Birds – Fish Beauty – Appearance Business – Work Communication Colours Descriptions of people Descriptions places.Fitness Intelligence-Understanding Lifestyle .things Enthusiasm – Motivation Employment – Jobs Feelings – Emotions Frankness – Sincerity Happiness – Sadness Health .Flowers –Trees Problems – Difficulties Relationships Secrets – Discretion Sports Thoughts – Ideas Time Violence Weather .

. .Beauty – Appearance A Fat Cat -To refer to a rich and powerful person as a fat cat means that you disapprove of the way they use their money or power. Like A Cat On Hot Bricks . .The place was full of fat cats on their big yachts.A person who is like a cat on hot bricks is very nervous or restless.The week before the results were published. she was like a cat on the hot bricks.

.Actions . .Behaviour All Ears -To say that you are all ears means that you are listening very attentively.If you do someone a good turn. .Mike is a great guy – always ready to do a good turn.Of course I want to know – I‟m all ears! Do A Good Turn . you act in a helpful way.

.If you drop someone a line. Descriptions Of People Bad Egg .Communication Drop Someone A Line .I don‟t want my son to be friends with Bobby Smith.To refer to someone as a bad egg means that they cannot be trusted.I always drop her a line to wish her a Merry Christmas. Bobby‟s a bad egg. . you write a letter to them. .

.A person who is in bad shape is in poor physical condition.Employment .Jobs Paid Peanuts . Feelings .If you are paid peanuts.Fitness In Bad Shape . .I really am in bad shape. you feel uncomfortable in unfamiliar surroundings.Jenny has a very interesting job. I felt like a fishout of water at the club house. I must do more exercise. . but she‟s paid peanuts.Emotions Fish Out Of Water . .As a non – golfer. Health .If you feel like a fish out of water. you have a very low salary.

The soldier was so badly injured that he was racked with pain. you repeat it often to make sure that it is fully understood.If a person asks you to bear something in mind.Intelligence .When someone is suffering from severe pain.Remembering Bear In Mind . Lifestyle – Way Of Life Racked With Pain . they are asking you to remember it because it is important. Memory .If you hammer home a point or an argument.Understanding Hammer Something Home . . .The police hammered home the dangers of drinking and driving. .You must bear in mind that the cost of living is higher in New York. . they are racked with pain.

The number of visitors to the exhibition.Number All Told .With his back to the wall.Difficulties Back To The Wall . . all told.If you have your back to the wall. you are in serious difficulty. was 2543.All told means the final number. when everything has been counted. Problems . . . the supplier had to accept the deal.

We gave the manager a list of complains. .No wonder they get on well.If the ball is in your court. so they naturally spend time together. .Relationships Birds Of A Feather Flock Together . They‟re birds of a feather! Sports Balls Is In Your Court . it is your turn to speak or act next.If two people are birds of a feather. so the ball is in his court now. they are very similar in many ways. .

This term refers to something that will have effect over or after a long period of time. .Someone who has bee in their bonnet has an idea which constantly occupies their thoughts.She‟s got a bee in her bonnet about moving to New York.Ideas Bee In One‟s Bonnet . but it‟ll be worth it in the long run because it will help me to get a better job. Time In The Long Run .Learning Chinese is going to be difficult. . .Thoughts .

you are very ambitious and try to achieve something even if it is difficult. .If something is in safe hands. and is therefore at no risk.If you reach for the moon.Violence Safe Hands .His parents were hardworking people who encouraged their children to reach for the moon. . . Weather Reach For The Moon .I„ll look after Jamie while you go shopping. it is being looked after by a reeliable person or organization. Don‟t worry – he‟ll be in safe hands.

Thank You For Lending Me Your Ears .