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Earthquake Recovery

Presented by Wifandy Purba April 8, 2013
Under guidance of Dr. Pennung Warnitchai

Objective
 Understand the impact of EQ to some livelihood

aspects (agriculture, industry, tourism)
 Understand some key points for planning

economy recovery measures

Covered Topics
Introduction
Sectoral Recovery Plans Loss Estimation Repair Economic Damage Case Study – Yogyakarta 2006

What is RECOVERY
 The restoration, and improvement where appropriate, of

facilities, livelihoods and living conditions of disasteraffected communities, including efforts to reduce disaster risk factors (UNISDR, 2009)

 Classification
 Immediate Relief Period  Rehabilitation Period  Reconstruction Period

http://pre-drp.org

How to Plan a Succesful RECOVERY

Challenges

Opportunities

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Dept. Private Owners. Number of dwelling in need of repair. Private Companies.Reconstruction is Planned Sectorally Sectors Housing Loss Inventory Number of dwellings unrepairable. transport and supplies. food and produce storage Shops. of Trade and Industry. Number of people homeless Damage to agricultural building stock. Food and Farmig Org. Organization Responsible Ministry of Housing. Consumers Org. of Agriculture. damage to food processing plants. lay off of employees. food distribution. National Institute of Building Engineers. fuel stations. destruction of stock. Trade and Labour Unions Agriculture Retail and Service Industry . business premises. Dept. warehouses. loss of livestock.

 Allocation of material and equipments  …… PRIORITIES .Why Coordination?  Interdependency  Balance budget requirements  Logistical & practical Coord.

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commercial sectors. trade unions to report loss on their own sectors  Rapid vs Detailed Loss Assessment  Why?  Time saving  Validation  I am the owner of my house .Accurate Information on Loss is Prerequisite for Recovery Planning  How?  Confederations of each Industry: arrange each industry.

What should be included in Loss Estimation?  Loss in value and numbers of units  Loss in proportion of total assets  Insurance coverage and shortfall  The effect on economic production sectors  Required resources (to pre-disaster condition)  Effect to employees  Effect to other economic sector .

Bappenas. 2006 .YOGYAKARTA EQ 2006 Preliminary Damage and Loss Assessment.

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rbnz. total retail trade increase 2.recoveryplatform.govt.1% (vs 2011).govt.org/ 012_2016/2012sep75_3parkersteenkam p.nz http://www.Not All Earthquakes are Harmful to Long-term Economy Christchurch EQ 2011  In June 2012.http://www.pdf .5% (vs 2010) . 4.nz/research/bulletin/2 http://www.stats.

Chain of Suffering Earthquake Lost income Less Spending Less Trade Declining Economic growth  Economic production Rebuilding House vs Restoring Income  Regenerate Jobs and income  Reestablish lifestyles  Repair social linkages .

Recover Economies  Agricultural Economies  Industrial Economies  Small business and retail sectors  Tourism and Leisure .

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transport access  Food processing factories  Nearby town  Kalamata EQ 1986 . water pipelines  Animal sheds  Emergency Periods  Road.Impact  Can an earthquake damage my “potato”?  Irrigation System  Dams.

How?  Market Profile  What is normally produced  How much is sold  How much is consumed  Where is the market  Supply and distribution network  How is EQ affecting the market process Continue supply to outside region  Revitalise livelihood in the affected area .Key Points for Planning  Ensure continous supply of production to outside AND revitalise livelihood of farmer in affected area.

Recovery Measures 1  Protecting Farmers resources www.org .fao.

Recovery Measures 2  Targeting Marginal Farmers  Weakest member of the community  Difficult access to aid www.com .talkvietnam.

new or additional equipment and activities such as bee-keeping. dairy processing.Recovery Measure 3  Opportunities to change  Improvements in farming methods  Technology. craft production  Focus on lighter reform vs radical reforms  Minor land reforms which is usually not possible .

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 Complex  Many interdependencies  Many ownership types  Big consequences well beyond EQ affected areas http://food-ag.Industrial Economies are….mit.edu ..

com .axtin.Impact  Interdependency  Large Impact  Large Companies vs Small Companies www.

food processing plants. owners of industry.e. cement sectors. managers. construction materials.Key Points on Planning  Coordination between government. . etc. and reps of workforce  Prioritizing recovery of key industries i.

loans.Recovery Measure 1: Economic Development Zones  Making earthquake damaged industrial areas into temporary EDZ’s has been proven effective  State provides relocation grants. and tax incentives to encourage recovery  Publicize planned programs to restore business confidence .

Recovery Measure 2: Private Investment Opportunity  Companies need to raise capital for reconstruction which is attractive for investors  Best use of available finances possibilities for early involvement of public and private financing agencies .

Recovery Measure 3: Private and Public Reconstruction  Need sharing of resources  Prioritizing of activities and sectors Rebuilding House vs Restoring Income .

Support .Recovery Measure 4: Maintaining Workforce  Chain of suffering  Loss of Workforce vs Loss of Factory  Rotate to other branch  Assisting Reconstruction – PPO  Gov.

Recovery Measure 5: Phasing Recovery  Mechanical to Manual Production  Improvisation Source: JRF Report .

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Impact  Supply the population with day to day need  Supply the industry with goods and services Main problem:  Premise Damage  Access Damage .

service) to affected community  Involving affected community in small business  Train community for better management . clothing.Keypoints on Planning  Government must understand needs and scale recognise the priority  Restore small business to offer daily necessities (food.

foto.com .Recovery Measure 1: Provision of temporary premises  Proportion of temporary shelter for shops. service industry  Make available retail space at lower rent www.detik.

rainbowsilver.com .Recovery Measure 2: Reestablishing trading contacts  Rapid compilation of trading directory  Distribution www.

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com .photoshelter. regional.IMPACT  What is it? What makes it unique?  HQ of many corporations  High rise building  National. worldwide trade  Vitally important http://majamoritz.

Recovery Measures  Reconnection of Urban Services  Re-establishing business confidence http://eqecat.com .

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Impact  What is it? What makes it unique?  People visit and pass through  Hotels  Service  Requires confidence Source: IRP Status Report .

org/ .Recovery Measures  Turning Reconstruction into tourist attraction  Use temporary housing for tourist  Use Publicity of EQ with right approach http://www.dftw.

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Profile  3.1 Million in population  Major income from trade. fisheries (36%) . tourism. livestock. agriculture.

134 M .. 600. 50.000 displaced Direct Economy Loss $ 3.CASE STUDY 5. 5.782 died.9 R.000 injured.

Agricultural Economy “The improved irrigation channel helps us greatly. It easily supplies farmers with sufficient water in the third growing season (the last four months of the year)—a time when water is usually hard to find. and our income. Waluyo.” S. farmer . That means our productivity. will definitely increase.T.

Retribution fee .Home stay package -Home stay & traditional performances .Tourism New Tourism Attraction : .

emb-japan. http://nurvirtamonarizqa.go.Tourism Attracting funds and experts from UNESCO. universities in reconstructing heritage area post earthquake.id.com http://www.jp/oda/id/index. donors.blogspot. private corporations.htm .

icbc-indonesia. Now they able to gain family income. They were trained to make handy craft. http://www.Industry Economy Community empowerment. especially for women did by NGOs. diversification of agricultural products and other skills they never learned as villagers.org .