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Summer Training from 3rd June to 24th June’10

Presented bySHIPRA MOHANTY

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Ingots Rods Rolled products .

 Hot rolled coils  Hot rolled plates  Cold rolled coils/strips  Cold rolled sheets  Corrugated sheets  Chequered sheets  New cold rolling mill products .

FORGING PRESS.XRF & XRD POT FLUX ANALYSER ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROMETER SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE POLARISING MICROSCOPE ERICHSEN SHEET METAL TESTER INSTRON 5569 MELTING FURNACE.WIRE DRAWING EQUIPMENT.HEAT TREATMENT FURNACE ETC.MINIATURE ROLLING MILL. ..

x-rays of a known wave length are used for examinations.In X-Ray Diffraction. 2Θhkl with the help of diffractometer. Using Bragg’s law. . the determination of lattice spacing dhkl which is characteristic for any crystallographic or mineralogical phase. is done by obtaining the reflection angle.

Due its low cost of sample preparation. minerals. minerals etc. .Used for non-destructive chemical analysis of rocks. sediments & fluids. it’s widely used for analysis of major & trace elements in rocks. so it is typically used for bulk analysis. It works on x-ray spectroscopic principles. stability & ease of use. XRF generally cannot make analysis at small spots.

It includes a x-ray diffraction system for analysis of typical bath phases & x-ray fluorescence channel for determination of total calcium contents in bath samples.A pot flux analyser is specially developed for the needs of pot flux analysis & bath ratio determination in aluminium industries. . It is very cost effective as it does not requires external water chillers.

It uses Lambert-Beer law for its calculations.It is used to determine the concentration of a specific metal element in a sample. . This spectroscopy can be used to analyze over 70 different metals in a solution.

It produces signals which give information about the sample surface topography. SEM micrographs have large depth of field yielding a characteristic 3-d appearance useful for understanding the surface structure of a sample .It images the sample surface by scanning it with a high-energy beam of electrons. specimen current & transmitted electrons. light(cathodoluminescence). constitution & other properties such as electrical conductivity. Due to very narrow electron beam. characteristic x-rays. back-scattered electrons(BSE). The types of signals produced by SEM include secondary electrons.

This means they provide light from the bottom and it transmits through the thin section of specimen on a microscope slide.These microscopes are commonly known as ore microscopes since they view thick polished specimens of rocks and minerals. Most polarizing microscopes produce only transmitted polarized light. Since the ore is thick. The ore microscope applies incident polarized light to the specimen’s surface which is reflected back into the microscope objective to be viewed in the eyepieces. it is opaque and no light is transmitted through it. The rock ore is polished and only the top surface is viewed. .

. This is achieved by using a separate oil circuit fed by pump with high volumetric displacement. The special feature of this testing machine is the increased drawing speed of the drawing punch which can be adjusted in an infinitely variable manner & independent of load up to 3000mm/min.Manual sheet testing machine. An useful microscope with illumination is also used to make the detection of cracks much easier. development & in process testing. 30kN It is a universal sheet metal testing machine for research.

fatigue. impact. compression.Instron 5569 mechanical tester is capable of a wide variety of mechanical testing methods. The data collection & analysis including instrumental control are performed by Instron’s Merlin software. torsion & hardness tests. . flexure. The machine evaluates the mechanical properties of the metals using tension.

and 3.500 mm/min  Computer control and data collection  Automated data analysis capabilities  ASTM standard and custom test methods available .INSTRON 5569 LOAD FRAME  Tension. compression.005 .and 4-point bending loading available  5 kN and 50 kN load cells  Displacement rates: .

Process of reducing thickness or changing cross section by compressive forces applied through a set of rolls. Hot Rolling leaves a rough mill scale on surface Remove HR mill scale by: 􀂃 Acid etching (“pickling”) 􀂃 Water blasting 􀂃 Grinding . expensive facilities with complete sequence of rolling and forming activities. Continuous casting into semifinished products has economic benefits Integrated mills are large. Mini mills utilize scrap metal.