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By : Ankush Rai Roll No. 729

The original seven islands of Mumbai Map of Mumbai in 2009 .

 The seven islands of Bombay were connected to form the area of the modern city of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) in India.  The original archipelago was composed of the following islands: • Isle of Bombay • Colaba • Old Woman's Island (Little Colaba) • Mahim • Mazagaon • Parel • Worli  The nearby islands of Trombay and Salsette were merged to form Greater Bombay. .

the Supreme Court instituted a series of injunctions protecting the shoreline and access to it for fishermen. along with the creation of Coastal Regulatory Zones in the 1990s and growing environmental concerns. The remaining islands are: • Gharapuri Island/Elephanta Island • Butcher Island • Middle Ground Coastal Battery • Oyster Rock • East Ground  In the 1970s. have significantly decreased the number and scale of land reclamation projects pursued in Mumbai .  These injunctions.

large parts of the city were built on reclaimed land. more than 50 per cent of Mumbai’s beaches. creeks. • Post-independence Mumbai witnessed reclamations being tripled. and as a result. Umarkhardi and Dockyard. the MTSU revived its idea to reclaim large-scale land from the Arabian Sea including expansion of the financial district at Nariman Point.• Mumbai has had its fair share of land reclamation from the sea in the form of Backbay Reclamation. • In November. . • As a result. fresh lakes. • There is an alarming transition of natural land to a built-up area for urban use. inter-tidal zones and mangroves got affected. this year.

ground water and the dependent local communities.Effects of land reclamation on environment • Reclamations cause collateral damage to the ecology of coast. which in turn make flooding a regular feature as the creeks that act as a natural drainage vanish. morphology. marine life. • This is worsened by unscientific and haphazard measures adopted for reclaiming land. .

.Effects of land reclamation on environment(Contd. thereby increasing water pollution by stirring up heavy metals. transformation of soil cover to concretised landscape that reduces permeability and increases run-off. pesticide residue and other toxins that have been absorbed into the soil. • The reclamation process also causes acute depletion of vegetation. all of which have been one of the primary cause for the flooding in Mumbai during monsoons.) • Reclamation is inherently problematic as it involves dredging the seabed..