You are on page 1of 19

Grou Groupp -- 77

Pra

Pratteeekek vverma

erma

Chn

Chnaadra

drabhask

bhaskaarr

SShahabnam

bnam

Ma

Maddhusu

husudha

dhann

HaHansnsrarajj

Vija

Vijayy kkuma

umarr

Grou - - 7 7  Pra Pratteeekek vverma erma  Chn Chnaadra drabhask bhaskaarr 

CChhrrysan

ysanththememuumm was

was nnamed

amed bbyy CCar

arolus

olus

LLininnnaeus

aeus ffrromom two

two Gr

Greek

eek pprreefixfixes,

es, ''CChhryrys' s',,

whwhichich mmeaeannss ggooldldeenn ((tthhee color

color of

of ththee or

origigininal

al

flower

flowers),

s), aanndd 'an

'anththememonon',', mmeani

eaningng floflower

wer..

Ki Kinnggdom dom Pla Plannttaeae

MMagagnnolio oliophphyytata
MMagagnnolio
oliophphyytata

DDiivviisi sionon

Cla Cla ssss MMaagngnolio oliopsi psidada

OOrrdederr Aster Asterales ales

FFamamilil yy Aster Asteraceae aceae

GGenu enu ss chchrryysan sanththemum emum

Spe Spe ccieiess mo morifolii rifolii

Chrysanth Chrysanthememumum

TThhee sspepecies

cies of of ChChryrysasanntthheemum

mum are

are

herba herbaceceoouuss peperenn renniaiall plants plants gro growin wingg ttoo 550–15 0–1500 ccmm ttal all,l, with
herba
herbaceceoouuss peperenn
renniaiall plants
plants gro
growin
wingg ttoo
550–15
0–1500 ccmm ttal
all,l, with
with ddeep
eeplyly lobe
lobedd lea
leavevess
aanndd large
large flfloowerh
werheeads
ads,, wwhit
hite,
e, yyellow
ellow oorr
ppininkk inin tthhee wwiildld sspepecies
cies..
 MModern
odern chchryrysasanntthemum
hemumss aarere mmuucchh mmoorere
sshhowy
owy tthhaann their
their wild
wild rerelat
lative
This
This gegennusus
ccoonnttaaininss mmany
any hhyybrid
bridss aanndd tthhoousa
usannddss ooff
ccuultltiva
ivarrss developed for horticultural
developed for horticultural
purposes. In addition to the traditional
purposes. In addition to the traditional
yellow, other colors are available, such as
yellow, other colors are available, such as

white, purple, and red.

white, purple, and red.

PPlalant

nt Info

Info rrmmat

atiionon Typ

Type:

erenennnial

e: pper

ial or

or

ann annual ual

Pro Proppaagation gation:: ddivivision ision,, ccutt uttininggs, s, seed seedss

LLigh

ight:t: full

full sun

sun

eutraall or or acid acid ppH, H, rrichich,, display, bed, border display, bed, border
eutraall or
or acid
acid ppH,
H, rrichich,,
display, bed, border
display, bed, border

Flower CCoolor

Flower

lor:: vvaarrioiouuss

Bloo Bloomm TimTime: e: mid midsumm summer er toto eaearrlyly wwininter ter

Heigh Height:t: vvaries aries

Widthth:: vvari

Wid

arieess

SoSoilil Req

Requir

uiremen

ementsts:: nneutr

well well ddrrain ained, ed, comp compost osteedd

Zoneses:: al

Zon

alll

Uses: cutting garden,

Uses: cutting garden,

ChChrrysan

ysantthheemums

mums or

or Gard

Gardeennss mmuummss are

are ththee mmost

ost

ppooppular

ular ffllowower

erss nneextxt oonnlyly toto Roses.

Roses. CChhrrysan

ysanthe

themmuummss

bbeelolonngg toto ththee ffamil

amilyy Ast

Asteerraaceae

ceae (C(Comp

ompoossiitae)

tae),, ononee ooff

ththee llaarrgegesstt ffami

amililieess of

of fflolowwer

eriningg ppllananttss wi

withth oovveerr 1,000

1,000

gegenneerraa anan dd ababoout

ut 2020,000

,000 spsp ecie

ecie ss.. oriittee amamonongg hhomomee
ecie ss..
oriittee amamonongg hhomomee

ChChrrysan

ysantthheemum

mum ffllowower

erss are

are aa ffavavor

llananddsscacappeerrss,, nnoott ononllyy bbececause ause of of ththei eirr ccoololorfrful ul ffllowoweers, rs,

bbut ut bbeeccause ause ththeyey bbloloomom iinn ththee auautumtumn, n, whwhenen man manyy

oothe therr ffllowoweersrs hhavavee llonongg sinsincece passed passed ththei eirr ppeeaak. k.

ChChrryysan san ththeemum mum fflloowewerrss ar ar ee avavai aillababllee iinn aa ww iiddee

ar arrrayay ooff ccoollor or ss -- ffroromm whwhiite, te, toto yeyellloloww and and ggooldld,, ppinink, k,

ooran

range, bronze, deep red, maroon, violet and purple.

ge, bronze, deep red, maroon, violet and purple.

Some chrysanthemums are a mix of two and even more

Some chrysanthemums are a mix of two and even more

col color orss..

CChhrrysan

ysanththememuummss ar

aree br

brokokenen inintoto two

two bbaassicic

ggrroup

s, GGaarrddenen HHaarrddyy anandd Exh

Exhibibition

ition..

oups,

GaGarrddenen

hhaarrddyy mum mumss ar aree pper erenennnials ials cap capaabblele of of bbein eingg

win winter tereded ovover er inin ththee gr groun oundd inin mmost ost nnor orthther ernn

latitude

latitudes.

s. EExxhhibibition

sturdydy..

stur

Gar

are nnot ot uussuually ally asas efineded bbyy ththeir eir abability ility oms with with rain..
are nnot
ot uussuually
ally asas
efineded bbyy ththeir
eir abability
ility
oms with
with
rain..
Exh
Exhibibitio
itionn

ieties are

aree ddefin

ition vvaarrieties

arddies

ies ar

Garddenen hhar

toto pr

prododuce

uce anan ababununddaanncece ooff smsmaallll bblloooms

little little iiff ananyy mech mechaanniical cal ass assistan istancece (ie. (ie. stakin staking) g)

and and with withstan standdiningg win windd aanndd rain

vvaarrieties ieties onon tthhee oth otheerr hhand and req requuiriree stakin staking, g, ovover er--

wintering in a relatively dry cool environment,

wintering in a relatively dry cool environment,

sometimes with the addition of night lights.

sometimes with the addition of night lights.

CChhrrysan

ysanththememuummss ar

aree eaeasysy toto bbee gr

grown

own aanndd aarree

pprop

ropaga

agatteded bbyy ddivis

ivisiioonn of

of roo

roots,

ts, cuttin

cuttingsgs aanndd

seed

seeds.

s. CChhrrysysaannththemums

ot spspecif

ecificic ttoo ananyy

emums ar

aree nnot

season

season..

CChhrryysan

sanththemum

emum pplalannttss can

can bbee gr

grown

own inin

any any kin kindd of of ssoil, oil, bbut ut ththeyey req requir uiree aa ssununnnyy wea weatthher er

for

for bbest

est pper

erfor

forman

ce. ChChrysa

rysa nthem

nthem umumss haha vvee

mance.

od. CChhryrysan sanththemum emum eas whwhichich exexppeerrien iencece season.. UUsually sually,, ththee aree ttrraannssplan planted ted
od. CChhryrysan
sanththemum
emum
eas whwhichich exexppeerrien
iencece
season..
UUsually
sually,, ththee
aree ttrraannssplan
planted
ted aafter
fter
g. But
But somsometimes
etimes seed
seedss
situ anandd seed
seedlinlingsgs
ion..
CChhrrysysaannththemum
emum

aa llong

ong fflolowewering

ring pepe rriiod.

seed

seedss ar

own inin ththose

aree ssown

ose aarreas

lowlow rrain ainfall fall ddur uriningg tthhee rrain ainyy season

CChhrrysan

ysanththememuumm seseedlin

edlingsgs ar

about aa mmononthth ooff sowin

about

cacann also

also bbee ssown

sowing.

own ddirirectly

ectly inin situ

ththininnneded out

out aaftefterr gger

ermmiinnaattion

plants flower in about three months of sowing.

plants flower in about three months of sowing.

Order chrysanthenum seeds now and add color

Order chrysanthenum seeds now and add color

toto your garden with the flowers which bloom all

your garden with the flowers which bloom all

ththee seas seasonon

Yello

Yelloww or

or whit

whitee cchrysa

hrysant

nthehemum

mum

flflowowers

ers aarere boboiled

iled ttoo ma

makkee aa swe

sweet

et

ddrink

rink inin sosome

partsts of

of Asia

me par

Asia..

The

The

result

res

ultiningg bevera

beveragege iiss kknow

nownn simpl

simplyy

pinyin:: has ma manyny ing aann aaidid inin ofttenen cacallelledd us us of about 30 of
pinyin::
has ma
manyny
ing aann aaidid inin
ofttenen cacallelledd
us
us
of about 30
of about 30
ering pplalant
ntss

asas ""chry

jjúhuā

úhuā chá

chá,, inin Chines

Chinesee))..

Chrysa

Chrysant

nthhemum

emum tteaea has

mediciciinanall uuses,

med

reco

ses, includ

including

ery ffromrom inf

recovvery

luenza..

Chrys

Chrysant

anthheemum

mumss,, of

' 'mums', are a gen

mums', are a gen

((CChhrrysa

ysanthemum

nthemum) )

sspecies

CChhrrysysaannththeemum

mum floflower

werss bbloom

loom inin vvar

arious

ious

for

forms,

ms, anandd can

can bbee daisy

daisy-like,

-like, decor

decorativ

ative,

e,

ppomp ompononss or or bbutton uttons. s. CChhrrysysaannththeemum mum bblolooms oms

come come iinn aa hhuge uge vvaarriet ietyy of of shshapapeses anandd ssizes. izes.

CChhrrysysaannththeemums mums ccoome me inin wid widee rrananggee of of color colors. s.

 CChhrrysysaannththeemum floflower bbloom inin vvar for forms, ms, anandd can can bbee daisy daisy-like, -like,

InIn adadddition ition toto tthhee trtradi adition tional al yyellow, ellow, oothther er

ppopopul ular ar cocolloorrss ar aree whwhititee,, pur purpple, le, anandd rred. ed. ThTheyey

are are veveryry ppoouuppular ular inin flor floral al bbouq ouquets uets anandd fflloowwer er

arr arranangegemmenents. ts. Gift Gift chchrrysysaanntthhemum emum flfloower wer

arr arranangegemmenentsts toto your your bbelov eloveded ttoo tteellll ththemem hhowow

much they mean to you..

much they mean to you

ChChrrysan

ysantthheemums

mums ccomomee inin aa wi

widdee vvari

arieetyty ooff fflolowewerr

form

formss anandd ccoololors,

rs, anandd bboothth anannual

nual and

and ppeererennni

nial

al

tytyppeses aarree avavail

ailabablele..

All All make make gre great at ccut ut fflolowewerrss and and

mmost ost hhavavee aa pplleasan easantt

ffrragagrrananccee..

TThhose ose wwithith shshoowy wy

floflowewerr hhead eadss suc suchh asas ppomompponons, s, qquil uilll and and spspidideerr

cultivar shown at left is
cultivar shown at left is

tytyppeses aarree qquuiitete ppooppuullar, ar, bbuutt the the gr gracaceeffuull si sinngle gle

anandd ddoouubbllee typ typeess ar aree also also wewellll wor worthth gr growowining. g. TThhee

twtwoo most most ppopopul ulaarr gr growowiningg tytyppeses ar aree upupririghghtt ffoorms rms

anandd ccush ushioionn ffoormrms, s, whwhiicchh tetenndd toto ggrrowow iinntoto aa nneat eat

mmoun

oundd..

All All ar aree ssui uitab tablele for for bbor ordder erss anandd ccutti uttinngg

gard gardeenns. s. ChChryryssananththememums ums ar aree ththee hi highl ghliigghhtt of of ththee

gard gardeenn iinn llat atee sumsummer mer aanndd fafallll wwhehenn mmany any ot otheherr

flowers have faded. The cultivar shown at left is

flowers have faded. The

'Mary 'Mary SSttookeker.' r.'

Chrysa

Chrysant

nthhemums

werere ccuultltiva

ivatteded inin

emums we

Chinana aass aa flowe

Chi

flowering

ring herb

herb aass fafarr babackck

asas tthehe 15t

15thh cent

centur

uryy BC.

BC. AnAn aancient

ncient

Chi

Chinese

nese cit

cityy wa

wass named

named ,, meaning

meaning

cityy".". TThehe pplalant nt isis nt dudurriingng tthehe The The fflowlower er wa wass probababl blyy
cityy".". TThehe pplalant
nt isis
nt dudurriingng tthehe
The
The fflowlower
er wa
wass
probababl
blyy inin tthehe
Emperor
his oofficia
fficiall sea
seall
tes the flower.

"c"chhryrysasanntthhemum

ppaartrticula

icularlyrly signi

uble NNiint

iint

emum cit

significa

ficant

nthh

ntroduced

roduced iint

ntoo JaJappaann pro

8thh ccenenttuuryry ADAD,, and

8t

adopt

and tthehe Emperor

adopteded tthehe flflower

ower aass his

. There is a "Festival of Happiness" in

. There is a "Festival of Happiness" in

Japan that celebra

Japan that celebrates the flower.

Main Markets:

North America South America Eastern Europe Southeast Asia Africa Oceania Mid East Eastern Asia Western Europe

Main Customers:

Japan market

orm Flower.
orm Flower.

The flower was brought to Europe in the 17th

The flower was brought to Europe in the 17th

cen centur turyy....

This plant is also a form Flower.

This plant is also a f

Chr

Chr ysysant

ant hheemu

mumm FaFa cctsts

ChChryrysanth

santhemu

emumm leav

leaveess aarree ste

steamed

amed oorr boboilileded anandd uusesedd asas

green greens, s, esp espececially ially inin CChhinese inese cucuisin isinee..  ChChryrysanth santhemu emumm pplalants
green greens, s, esp espececially ially inin CChhinese inese cucuisin isinee..
 ChChryrysanth
santhemu
emumm pplalants
nts hahaveve bbeeeenn shown
shown toto rreduce
educe iindndoor
oor
aairir ppollu
ollution
tion byby ththee NANASSAA CCleleanan Air
Air SStud
tudyy..
The
The cchr
hrysa
ysanthe
nthemum
mum isis ononee of
of the
the ""FoFouurr Gen
Gentlemen
tlemen"" of
of
ChChina
ina (the
(the oth
others
ers being
being tthehe plum
plum blos
blossomsom,, the
the or
orchchidid,, anandd
bambo
bambooo))..
TThhee chr
chryyssaant
nthemum
hemum isis said
said toto hav
havee been
been
ffavor
avoreded byby TTaaoo QQiaiann,, aann iinflu
nfluenti
ential
al Chi
Chinese
nese ppoet,
oet, and
and isis
symsymbbolic
olic of
of nob
noblleness
eness
The
The ccityity ooff Nihon
Nihonmatsu
matsu,, JaJappanan hosts
hosts the
the "Ni
"Nihonma
honmatstsuu
ChChrysanthemum Dolls Exhibition" every autumn in
rysanthemum Dolls Exhibition" every autumn in
hhistori
istoricacall ruruinin ooff Kasumigajo castle
Kasumigajo castle

ChChrysanthem rysanthem

umum FFacac tsts

CChhrrysan

ysanththememuummss ar

aree trtropi

wers..

CChhrrysan

ysanththememuummss wwere

origigiinally

nally gr

grown

own inin ththee

ere or

EEur

urasian

asian rregegiionon..

oughhtt toto JJapapanan bbyy l Crest of Japan.
oughhtt toto JJapapanan bbyy
l Crest of Japan.

TThhee CChhrrysysaannththeemum

mum wwaass bbrroug

Bud Budddhi histst mmononksks inin AADD 40400. 0. Jap Japane anesese emp emper eror orss

soso lov loveedd ththee CChhrryysan sanththemum emum flower flower tthhaatt ththeyey

sat sat upuponon CChhrryysan sanththememuumm ththrronones. es.

CChhrrysan ysanththememuumms, s, kik kik usus iinn JJaapapanneesese,, wewerere

featured on the Imperial Crest of Japan.

featured on the Imperia

Even today, a number of Japanese cities hold

Even today, a number of Japanese cities hold

spectacular annual chrysanthemum exhibitions.

spectacular annual chrysanthemum exhibitions.