Group - 7

Prateek verma Chnadrabhaskar Shabnam Madhusudhan Hansraj Vijay kumar

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Chrysanthemum was named by Carolus Linnaeus from two Greek prefixes, 'Chrys', which means golden (the color of the original flowers), and 'anthemon', meaning flower. Ki ngdom Plantae Divisi on Magnoliophyta Cla ss Magnoliopsida Orde r Asterales Fam il y Asteraceae Genu s chrysanthemum Spe cie s morifolii


The species of Chrysanthemum are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 50–150 cm tall, with deeply lobed leaves and large flowerheads, white, yellow or pink in the wild species. Modern chrysanthemums are much more showy than their wild relatives. This genus contains many hybrids and thousands of cultivars developed for horticultural purposes. In addition to the traditional yellow, other colors are available, such as white, purple, and red.

Pla nt Info rmat ion Type: perennial or annual Propagation: division, cuttings, seeds Light: full sun Flower Color: various Bloom Time: midsummer to early winter Height: varies Width: varies Soil Requirements: neutral or acid pH, rich, well drained, composted Zones: all Uses: cutting garden, display, bed, border

Chrysanthemums or Gardens mums are the most popular flowers next only to Roses. Chrysanthemums belong to the family Asteraceae (Compositae), one of the largest families of flowering plants with over 1,000 ge nera an d ab out 20 ,000 sp ecie s . Chrysanthemum flowers are a favorite among home landscapers, not only because of their colorful flowers, but because they bloom in the autumn, when many other flowers have long since passed their peak. Ch rysan th emum flowe rs ar e av ai lab le in a w ide ar ray of color s - from white, to yellow and gold, pink, orange, bronze, deep red, maroon, violet and purple. Some chrysanthemums are a mix of two and even more colors.

Chrysanthemums are broken into two basic groups, Garden Hardy and Exhibition. Garden hardy mums are perennials capable of being wintered over in the ground in most northern latitudes. Exhibition varieties are not usually as sturdy. Garden hardies are defined by their ability to produce an abundance of small blooms with little if any mechanical assistance (ie. staking) and withstanding wind and rain. Exhibition varieties on the other hand require staking, overwintering in a relatively dry cool environment, sometimes with the addition of night lights.

Chrysanthemums are easy to be grown and are propagated by division of roots, cuttings and seeds. Chrysanthemums are not specific to any season. Chrysanthemum plants can be grown in any kind of soil, but they require a sunny weather for best performance. Ch rysa nthem um s ha ve a l ong f lo we ring pe riod. Chrysanthemum seeds are sown in those areas which experience low rainfall during the rainy season. Usually, the Chrysanthemum seedlings are transplanted after about a month of sowing. But sometimes seeds can also be sown directly in situ and seedlings thinned out after germination. Chrysanthemum plants flower in about three months of sowing. Order chrysanthenum seeds now and add color to your garden with the flowers which bloom all the season

Yellow or white chrysanthemum flowers are boiled to make a sweet drink in some parts of Asia. The resulting beverage is known simply as "chrysanthemum tea" (pinyin: júhuā chá, in Chinese). Chrysanthemum tea has many medicinal uses, including an aid in recovery from influenza. Chrysanthemums, often called 'mums', are a genus (Chrysanthemum) of about 30 species of perennial flowering plants

Chrysanthemum flowers bloom in various forms, and can be daisy-like, decorative, pompons or buttons. Chrysanthemum blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes. Chrysanthemums come in wide range of colors. In addition to the traditional yellow, other popular colors are white, purple, and red. They are very poupular in floral bouquets and flower arrangements. Gift chrysanthemum flower arrangements to your beloved to tell them how much they mean to you.

Chrysanthemums come in a wide variety of flower forms and colors, and both annual and perennial types are available. All make great cut flowers and most have a pleasant fragrance. Those with showy flower heads such as pompons, quill and spider types are quite popular, but the graceful single and double types are also well worth growing. The two most popular growing types are upright forms and cushion forms, which tend to grow into a neat mound. All are suitable for borders and cutting gardens. Chrysanthemums are the highlight of the garden in late summer and fall when many other flowers have faded. The cultivar shown at left is 'Mary Stoker.'

Chrysanthemums were cultivated in China as a flowering herb as far back as the 15th century BC. An ancient Chinese city was named , meaning "chrysanthemum city". The plant is particularly significant during the Double Ninth Festival. The flower was introduced into Japan probably in the 8th century AD, and the Emperor adopted the flower as his official seal . There is a "Festival of Happiness" in Japan that celebrates the flower.

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The flower was brought to Europe in the 17th century..  This plant is also a form Flower.

Chr ys ant hemu m Fa cts
Chrysanthemum leaves are steamed or boiled and used as greens, especially in Chinese cuisine. Chrysanthemum plants have been shown to reduce indoor air pollution by the NASA Clean Air Study. The chrysanthemum is one of the "Four Gentlemen" of China (the others being the plum blossom, the orchid, and bamboo). The chrysanthemum is said to have been favored by Tao Qian, an influential Chinese poet, and is symbolic of nobleness The city of Nihonmatsu, Japan hosts the "Nihonmatsu Chrysanthemum Dolls Exhibition" every autumn in historical ruin of Kasumigajo castle

 Ch rysanthem

um F ac ts

Chrysanthemums are tropical flowers. Chrysanthemums were originally grown in the Eurasian region. The Chrysanthemum was brought to Japan by Buddhist monks in AD 400. Japanese emperors so loved the Chrysanthemum flower that they sat upon Chrysanthemum thrones. Chrysanthemums, kik us i n J apa nese , were featured on the Imperial Crest of Japan. Even today, a number of Japanese cities hold spectacular annual chrysanthemum exhibitions.

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