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Female foeticide

Dr.Sujnanendra Mishra, MD
PATNAGARH
female feticide is Aborting a
female fetus after sex
determination test.

Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques include


Ultra-sonography,
 Foetoscopy,
Amniocentesis and Taking samples of amniotic
fluid, embryo, blood or any tissue or fluid of
pregnant women after conception,
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FACTORS that FAVOUR…..
Evil of Dowry
Social Security
Religion
Small family Norm
URBAN Living
EDUCATIONAL STATUS
SOCIETY

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Evil of Dowry
It is estimated that a dowry
death occurs in India every
• The93 minutes.
practice of dowry ,a nationwide problem.
• Now found in communities and castes in which it had
never been the custom.
• Inherited from upper caste practices. In majority of
cases,
• Laws failed to show any impact on the practice of dowry.

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Evil of Dowry……..
• In marriage the groom demanded that the
bride’s father also provide for his
daughter’s maintenance, since she was
now a financial ‘burden’ on him. And the
system of dowry started. So, a girl became
a potential financial drain on man
• As a matter of prestige too, more money
and material goods asked in dowry.
• The girl was no longer desired.
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Social Security:
In order to continue possessing ones property, even after
death, the need of an heir, a son, became necessary .

The birth of a son is regarded as


essential in Hinduism and many
prayers and lavish offerings are
made in temples in the hope of
having a male child.
Son as Social Security for old age

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Religion helps ?…….
• The Ramayana and the • Islam permits
Manusmriti (the Laws polygamy and gives
of Manu) represent the women fewer rights
ideal woman as than men.
obedient and
submissive, and
advocates care of a
male: first father, then
husband, then son.
Shame

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Small Child Norm
• Faced with social burdens rarely any one prefers to
have more children.
• One or two is the norm of the day .
• For continuance of ones property, and gene, the
need of an heir, a son, becomes necessary.
• Amniocentesis and sonography, widely available,
• Termination of pregnancy is simple and accessible.
• Female foeticide has become quite easy.
• Couple adopts evil ‘It is better to spend Rs 500 now
than Rs5,00000 (in dowry) later’

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The world population has
a sex ratio of 990 females
per 1000 males
Sex ratio:
Japan 1041
USA 1029
Indonesia 1004
Bangladesh 953
China 944
India 933
India has one of the
lowest sex ratios in the
world
WikiProject India Maps

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SexRatio INDIA

980

972
970
964

960
955 Source: Census of India,
950 2001.
950 946
945
941
940
934 933
930
930 927

920

910

900
1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001

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RURAL VS URBAN
?? Closer to facility

CHILD SEX
ratio

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909

894
885
876
867

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CHILD SEX RATIO IN SC /ST. POPULATION

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State District Child sex Ratio
Lower Subansiri 1005
Arunachal Pradesh Upper Siang 1010
East Kemeng 1035

Baster Dantewada 1009


Chhattisgarh 1014

Badgam Kupwara 1002


Jammu & Kashmir 1021

Jaintia Hills 995


Meghalaya
Nabarangpur 999
Orissa
North 995
Sikkim

Top Ten Districts (Better Sex Ratio) 2001.

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Sex Ratio
(Females per 1000 males)
India / States / Union 21 Orissa 971 972
Sl. No. Territories 1991 2001
INDIA 927 933 22 Chhatisgarh 985 990

1 Jammu and Kashmir 896 900 23 Madhya Pradesh 912 920

2 Himachal Pradesh 976 970 24 Gujarat 934 921


3 Punjab 882 874
25 Daman & Diu 969 709
4 Chandigarh 790 773
Dadra & Nagar
5 Uttaranchal 936 964
26 Haveli 952 811
6 Haryana 865 861
7 Delhi 827 821 27 Maharashtra 934 922
8 Rajasthan 910 922
28 Andhra Pradesh 972 978
9 Uttar Pradesh 876 898
10 Bihar 907 921 29 Karnataka 960 964
11 Sikkim 878 875
30 Goa 967 960

12 Arunachal Pradesh 859 901


31 Lakshadweep 943 947
13 Nagaland 886 909
14 Manipur 958 978 32 Kerala 1036 1058
15 Mizoram 921 938
16 Tripura 945 950 33 Tamil Nadu 974 986
17 Meghalaya 955 975
34 Pondicherry 979 1001
18 Assam 923 932
Andaman & Nicobar
19 West Bengal 917 934 35 Islands* 818 846
20 Jharkhand 922 941

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FEMALE FOETICIDE & INDIANS
LIVING ABROAD:
• Indians in other countries are going for sex selective abortions
is evident by the fact that sex ratio at birth among the Indian
community in New Jersey is as bad as in Punjab and
Haryana.

• A report in the British Newspaper, 'observer', had come up


with evidence that British Asian women go to India to abort
their baby girls. The British Law does not allow parents to
choose sex of their babies except to avoid certain gender
linked diseases. This forces many to go abroad. Abortion on
the ground of sex is not allowed under the Abortion Act of
1967 in the UK. But sex can be disclosed by patients if
they ask during ultrasound.

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Society today……..
It speaks of a whole Society that has
gone corrupt, desiring destruction of half
its population, Are we secular, social, and
human?.In Modern India a woman is
regarded as a commodity and marriage
has become more of a business alliance
than a sacred bond between two souls.

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The Girl Child ……..
• 1 out of every 3 girls does not live to see her 15th
birthday
• One-third of these deaths take place at birth
• Every sixth girl child’s death is due to gender
discrimination
• Females are victimised far more than males
during childhood
• 1 out of every 10 women reported some kind of
child sexual abuse during childhood, chiefly by
known persons
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• 1 out of 4 girls is sexually abused before the
age of 4
• 19% are abused between the ages of 4 and 8
• 28% are abused between the ages of 8 and 12
• 35% are abused between the ages of 12 and 16
• 1 out of 6 girls will not live to see their 12th
birthday
• 3 lakh more girls than boys die every year
• Female mortality exceeds male mortality in 224
out of 402 districts in India

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• Death rate among girls below the age of 4 years
is higher than that of boys. Even if she escapes
infanticide or foeticide, a girl child is less likely
to receive immunisation,
nutrition or medical treatment compared to a
male child
• 53% of girls in the age group of 5 to 9 years are
illiterate
• Every year 27,06,000 children under 5 years die
in India. And the deaths of girl children are
higher than those of male children.
Source: www.cry.org

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Women
Achievers

????? MANY MORE

ELIMINATED BEFORE
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THEY COULD ……….
‘Where women are
honored
there Gods are pleased;
But where they are not
honored
no sacred rite yields
rewards.’

Laws of Manu
SAVE GIRL CHILD ,
SAVE THE WORLD