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INTRODUCTION

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INTRODUCTION
What is a Butterfly

Butterflies are beautiful, flying insects with


large scaly wings.
Like all insects, they have six jointed legs,
3 body parts, a pair of antennae,
compound eyes, and an exoskeleton.
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INTRODUCTION
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LIFE
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A butterfly usually lays 200-500 eggs on plant
INTRODUCTION leaves and stems. Eggs from different butterflies
are different shapes and sizes. The caterpillars
hatch from the eggs about 5 days later.

The caterpillar is also called the larva. Caterpillars


first eat their eggshell, then they eat lots of
leaves. Each time the caterpillar grows, it needs to
shed its old skin or molt. They usually molt 5
times. After a few weeks the caterpillar stops
eating and growing and looks for a place to
The caterpillar sheds its skin for the last time and
change.
becomes a pupa. The pupa stays inside a hard
shell called a chrysalis. Inside the chrysalis, the
pupa is changing from a caterpillar's body to a
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The adult butterfly emerges from the chrysalis
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another butterfly to mate with. After mating, the
female butterfly lays her eggs. Adult butterflies
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BUTTERFLY ANATOMY

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BUTTERFLY ANATOMY

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INTRODUCTION
CHRYSALIS (PUPA)

The caterpillar sheds its


skin for the last
time and becomes a pupa.
The pupa stays inside
a hard shell
called a chrysalis. Inside

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the pupa is changing
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to a butterfly's body.
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INTRODUCTION
CATERPILLAR’S HEAD

DIET
B
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T
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F
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BODY PART
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SMELL AND TASTE


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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
CATERPILLAR’S HEAD INFO

The vision of
butterflies
and moths changes
radically in their
different
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
FLYING INFO

Butterflies are very good fliers. They have


two pairs of large wings covered with colorful,
iridescent scales in overlapping rows.
Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)
are the only insects that have scaly wings.
The wings are attached to the butterfly's
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thorax (mid-section). Veins support the delicate
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
FLYING INFO

Butterflies can only fly if their body


temperature is
above 86 degrees. Butterflies sun
themselves to warm up in cool weather.
As butterflies age, the color
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become ragged.
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
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DIET

Caterpillars spend most of their time


eating leaves using strong mandibles (jaws).
A caterpillar's first meal, however,
is its own eggshell. A few caterpillars
are meat-eaters; the larva of the carnivorous
Harvester butterfly eats woolly aphids.
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
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HEARING

Caterpillars startle at loud noises.

Butterflies and moths


hear sounds through their wings.

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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
BALANCE INFO

Butterflies and moths: Johnston's


organ is an organ
at the base of a butterfly's antennae.
This organ are responsible for
maintaining the butterfly's sense of
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during flight.
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
SMELL AND TASTE INFO

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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
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SMELL AND TASTE

Caterpillars: A caterpillar's maxillae


(small mouth parts that are under the mandibles)
have taste cells; these chemical detectors
tell the caterpillar to eat when the food
is appropriate, and not to eat
when the food is not appropriate.
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mouth parts, sense smells.
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
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SMELL AND TASTE

Butterflies and moths: A butterfly's


antennae, pulps, legs, and many other
parts of the body are studded with
sense receptors that are used to
smell. The sense of smell is used
for finding food (usually flower nectar),
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and for finding mates
(the female smelling the male's pheromones).
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
BODY PART INFO

ANTENNA Antenna
A butterfly has
2 antennae on
its head. They
are skinny with
little knobs on the
end. Butterflies
use their antenna
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flowers, plants,
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butterflies.

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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
INFO

A butterfly has two compound


eyes – lots of little
eyeballs grouped together.
EYES
Each eyeball sees a
little part of what
the butterfly is
looking at.
It's like looking through
a bunch of straws bundled
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see colors. They look
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and other butterflies!
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
PROBOSCIS INFO

A proboscis is
like
a long tongue
or drinking straw.
The butterfly
uncoils its
proboscis
and
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nectar or
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INTRODUCTION
BUTTERFLY
INFO
Legs
Butterflies have 6 legs (3 pairs).
Butterflies taste with their feet!
That's how
they find flower nectar and
the best plants to lay their eggs.  
"Brush-footed" butterflies
(mourning cloak,
painted lady, monarch)
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The two front legs are small
and covered with small hairs.
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INTRODUCTION
BUTTERFLY
Body INFO
A butterfly has
3 body sections:
Head, Thorax and Abdomen.
The thorax has strong
muscles that help the
butterfly move
its legs and wings.
The butterfly's heart and
stomach are in its abdomen.
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small holes on the sides
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INTRODUCTION
BUTTERFLY
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Wings
Butterflies have 4 wings:
2 hind wings and
2 forewings. Butterflies with
long narrow wings
can fly very fast.
Butterflies with larger wings
can float and glide in the air.  
Butterflies use their
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sun's rays
when the weather is cold.
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INTRODUCTION BUTTERFLY
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Scales
Tiny colorful scales
cover the both sides
of a butterfly's wings.
Scales with different colors
make patterns and designs
on the wings. These patterns
are almost the same
on the left and right wings,
but patterns are very
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different on the front
and back of the wing.  
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INTRODUCTION ACTIVITIES

BUTTERFLY LIFE CYCLE


BUTTERFLY MOBILE
MOBILE

BALANCING BUTTERFLY

PAPER PLATE
HANDPRINT BUTTERFLY
BUTTERFLY PUPPET

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INTRODUCTION
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http://www.shrewsbury-ma.gov/schools/beal/
curriculum/butterfly/cycle/index.htm

http://www.shrewsbury-ma.gov/schools/beal/
curriculum/butterfly/butterflies.html

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