You are on page 1of 41

Traditional

Balinese
Architecture

School of Architecture
Faculty of Engineering
Udayana University
Content
Content
•Background
• Culture
• Local
•Philosophies in Traditional Balinese
Architecture
• Tri Hita Karana
• Manik Ring Cecupu
• Tri Bhuana
•Concepts in Traditional Balinese
Architecture
• Tri Angga
• Tri Mandala
• Sanga Mandala
Content
Content
•References for Traditional Balinese Architecture
• People
• Lontar (Asta Kosala Kosali and Asta Bhumi)
• Niskala (mystical essence)
•Types of Traditional Balinese Buildings
• Houses
• Temples
• Public Facilities
•Ornaments in Traditional Balinese Buildings
Background
Background
Culture

•Historical Background
•Bali Aga
•Bali Mula
•Livelihood
•Agriculture
•Farming
•Community System
•Relationship between people
•Banjar and villages
Background
Background
Religious System

- Panca Srada : - Panca Yadnya :
 1. Brahma  1. Dewa
 2. Atman Yadnya
 3. Samsara  2. Rsi Yadnya
 4. Karmaphala  3. Manusa
 5. Moksha Yadnya
 4. Pitra Yadnya
 5. Bhuta
Philosophies
PhilosophiesininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Manik Ring Cecupu

•A Balinese philosophy about harmonious
relations between nature (provider) and human
(inhabitant).

•Manik ring cecupu means the source of
happiness and water of life.
Source of
Manik ring Tri Hita
Happines
cecupu Karana
s
Philosophies
PhilosophiesininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Tri Hita Karana

•Three causes of happiness and welfare,
which derives from the harmonious relations
between:

•God and human (Parhyangan)
•Human and human (Pawongan)
•Nature and human (Palemahan)
Philosophies
PhilosophiesininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Parhyanga
n

Dewa Yadnya
Architectural form
Ceremony
Philosophies
PhilosophiesininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Pawongan

Pitra, Rsi, Manusa
Yadnya
Philosophies
PhilosophiesininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Palemahan
Philosophies
PhilosophiesininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Tri Bhuana

S Atmosfer
wah

Bhuwah Litosfer

Bhur Hidrosfer
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Tri Angga
Utama Angga

Madhya
Angga

Nista Angga
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Tri Angga
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Tri Mandala
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Tri Mandala
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Sanga Mandala

N
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Sanga Mandala
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Sanga Mandala
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Catuspatha

Catuspathais the concept of empty space in the
middle of the intersection between
cosmological orientation (kaja-kelod) and ritual
values (kangin-kauh) in the Balinese space
allocation.
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Meaning of
the orientation
and
alternatives
for Puri
placements
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Catuspatha in
Puri Agung
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Catuspatha in
Puri Agung
Tabanan
Concepts
ConceptsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

Catuspatha in
Puri Agung
Bangli
References
Referencesfor
forTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseArchitecture
Architecture

•People (Undagi and Sulinggih)

•Lontar (Asta Kosala Kosali and Asta
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Traditional Balinese House
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples

Pura Kahyangan Tiga, are three holy temples
that are found in every village

Consists of Pura Desa, Pura Puseh and
Pura Dalem
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Desa)

•Holy temple to worship Brahma, the God of
all creation

•Located in the middle of a village
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Desa)

Jeroan

Gedong Agung Saka
Pat
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Desa)

Jaba Tengah

Bale Agung
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Desa)

Jaba Sisi

Wantilan
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Puseh)

•Holy temple to worship Wisnu, the God of care
taker

•Located in the middle of the village next to Pura
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Puseh)
Jeroan

Padmasari dan Gedong
Simpen
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Puseh)

Jaba Tengah

Bale Kulkul
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Dalem)

•A holy temple to worship Siwa, the God of
Destruction

•Located in the outer range of a village, near a
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Jeroan
Temples (Pura Dalem)
Bale Gong dan Gedong
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Temples (Pura Dalem)

Wantilan
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Public Facilities

Bale Kulkul
Is a place to hang a
kulkul, as a
traditional mean of
communication

The Kulkul is
placed up high so
that it will be easy
to be heard and for
safety
considerations
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Roof and Bale
(Svah Loka)

Sari (Svah
Loka)

Batur (Bwah
Loka)

Tepas
(Bhur Loka)
Types
TypesofofTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Public Facilities

Wantilan
Is a public place
for the
community to
hold meetings
and socialize

It is also a place
for ceremonial
needs such as
Ornaments
OrnamentsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings
Traditional Balinese Architecture is a reflection of the beauty of man and it’s
nature that is realized in to physical forms (ornaments),

The natural components that are transformed into building ornaments are
flora, fauna and religious values and beliefs.
Ornaments
OrnamentsininTraditional
TraditionalBalinese
BalineseBuildings
Buildings

Flora

•Keketusan
•Kekarangan
•Pepatran

Patra Patra
Sari Wangga

Related Interests