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Traditional Balinese Architecture

School of Architecture Faculty of Engineering Udayana University

Content Content
•Background • Culture • Local •Philosophies in Traditional Balinese Architecture • Tri Hita Karana • Manik Ring Cecupu • Tri Bhuana •Concepts in Traditional Balinese Architecture • Tri Angga • Tri Mandala • Sanga Mandala

Content Content
•References for Traditional Balinese Architecture • People • Lontar (Asta Kosala Kosali and Asta Bhumi) • Niskala (mystical essence) •Types of Traditional Balinese Buildings • Houses • Temples • Public Facilities •Ornaments in Traditional Balinese Buildings

Background Background
Culture
•Historical Background •Bali Aga •Bali Mula •Livelihood •Agriculture •Farming •Community System •Relationship between people •Banjar and villages

Background Background
Religious System

- Panca Srada :
    

- Panca Yadnya :
    

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Brahma Atman Samsara Karmaphala Moksha

1. Dewa Yadnya 2. Rsi Yadnya 3. Manusa Yadnya 4. Pitra Yadnya 5. Bhuta

Philosophies in TTraditional Balinese Architecture Philosophies in raditional Balinese Architecture
Manik Ring Cecupu
•A Balinese philosophy about harmonious relations between nature (provider) and human (inhabitant). •Manik ring cecupu means the source of happiness and water of life. Source of Manik ring Tri Hita Happines cecupu Karana s

Philosophies in TTraditional Balinese Architecture Philosophies in raditional Balinese Architecture
Tri Hita Karana
•Three causes of happiness and welfare, which derives from the harmonious relations between: •God and human (Parhyangan) •Human and human (Pawongan) •Nature and human (Palemahan)

Philosophies in TTraditional Balinese Architecture Philosophies in raditional Balinese Architecture
Parhyanga n

Dewa Yadnya Ceremony

Architectural form

Philosophies in TTraditional Balinese Architecture Philosophies in raditional Balinese Architecture
Pawongan

Pitra, Rsi, Manusa Yadnya

Philosophies in TTraditional Balinese Architecture Philosophies in raditional Balinese Architecture
Palemahan

Philosophies in TTraditional Balinese Architecture Philosophies in raditional Balinese Architecture

Tri Bhuana
S wah Bhuwah Bhur Atmosfer Litosfer Hidrosfer

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Utama Angga

Tri Angga

Madhya Angga

Nista Angga

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Tri Angga

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Tri Mandala

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Tri Mandala

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Sanga Mandala
N

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Sanga Mandala

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Sanga Mandala

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Catuspatha
Catuspathais the concept of empty space in the middle of the intersection between cosmological orientation (kaja-kelod) and ritual values (kangin-kauh) in the Balinese space allocation.

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Meaning of the orientation and alternatives for Puri placements

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Catuspatha in Puri Agung

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Catuspatha in Puri Agung Tabanan

Concepts in TT Concepts inraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

Catuspatha in Puri Agung Bangli

References for TT References forraditional Balinese Architecture raditional Balinese Architecture

•People (Undagi and Sulinggih) •Lontar (Asta Kosala Kosali and Asta

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Traditional Balinese House

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples
Pura Kahyangan Tiga, are three holy temples that are found in every village Consists of Pura Desa, Pura Puseh and Pura Dalem

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Desa)
•Holy temple to worship Brahma, the God of all creation •Located in the middle of a village

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Desa)

Jeroan
Gedong Agung Saka Pat

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Desa)

Jaba Tengah
Bale Agung

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Desa)

Jaba Sisi
Wantilan

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Puseh)
•Holy temple to worship Wisnu, the God of care taker •Located in the middle of the village next to Pura

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Puseh) Jeroan
Padmasari dan Gedong Simpen

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Puseh) Jaba Tengah
Bale Kulkul

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Dalem)
•A holy temple to worship Siwa, the God of Destruction •Located in the outer range of a village, near a

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Jeroan Temples (Pura Dalem)
Bale Gong dan Gedong

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Temples (Pura Dalem)

Wantilan

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Public Facilities
Bale Kulkul Is a place to hang a kulkul, as a traditional mean of communication

The Kulkul is placed up high so that it will be easy to be heard and for safety considerations

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings
Roof and Bale (Svah Loka) Sari (Svah Loka) Batur (Bwah Loka)

Tepas (Bhur Loka)

TT ypes of Traditional Balinese Buildings ypes of T raditional Balinese Buildings Public Facilities
Wantilan Is a public place for the community to hold meetings and socialize It is also a place for ceremonial needs such as

Ornaments in Traditional Balinese Buildings Ornaments in Traditional Balinese Buildings
Traditional Balinese Architecture is a reflection of the beauty of man and it’s nature that is realized in to physical forms (ornaments), The natural components that are transformed into building ornaments are flora, fauna and religious values and beliefs.

Ornaments in Traditional Balinese Buildings Ornaments in Traditional Balinese Buildings Flora
•Keketusan •Kekarangan •Pepatran

Patra Sari

Patra Wangga