# Concave Mirrors

The laws remain the same

The Sky Mirror in Monte Carlo

The Sky Mirror What do you notice about the mirror image you see? .

Properties of Concave Mirrors  Concave mirrors are shaped curved like a letter C or the inside of a sphere You can identify them from other mirrors because light goes into them like entering a CAVE  Examples: the side of spoon you put food on. a makeup mirror. a satellite dish .

How do we draw ray diagrams for Concave mirrors?  It all comes back to the… • Angle of incidence • Incident ray • Normal • Reflected ray • Angle of reflection  SO… How do you do this on a curved surface? .

you would notice that for an instant the mirror acts like a flat plane at the point where light hits it  Therefore. you could consider that the curved mirror is made up of MANY small flat mirrors  .You apply the SAME rules of reflection If you could make the mirror INFINITELY small.

Starting with the normal  If a normal (perpendicular line) is drawn from each of the ‘flat’ parts of the curved mirror what do you notice? The centre horizontal line is the PRINCIPLE AXIS  All the lines will meet up at the same point This is called the CENTER OF CURVATURE .

The Principle Axis It is an important feature because it helps you locate the positions of objects that are in front of the mirror  The spot where the principle axis touches the mirror is called the VERTEX or V  If an incident ray goes through the center of curvature it gets reflected back on itself .JUST LIKE IT DOES when light hits a plane mirror through the normal (remember the center of curvature is where the normal all meet)  .

Rays Parallel to the Center of Curvature  When rays run parallel to the principal axis what do you notice? They intersect at the same point on the principal axis This know as the FOCAL POINT or F And the distance from the mirror (V=vertex) to the focal point is called the FOCAL LENGTH   .

So how do we Draw the Diagram? The best way to begin?  Put the bottom of the object on the principle axis  Because the principle axis is ALSO a normal. this means our IMAGE will also be on the principle axis  The next step is to find the TOP of the image in order to complete the diagram  .

How to draw Objects between the Focal Point and the Mirror .

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What do you notice about the image? RIGHT-SIDE UP and BEHIND the mirror .

What if the Object is between the Focal Point and the Center of Curvature? .

The Process is the Same .

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What do you notice about the image? UPSIDE-DOWN and in front of the center of curvature .

What about when the object is in front of (or beyond) the Center of Curvature .

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What do you notice about the image? It’s UPSIDE DOWN and SMALLER .

You can also Predict what your image looks like using equations! .

An object with a height of 2.0cm in front of the mirror  A) calculate the image distance  B) calculate the image height  .5cm is placed 40.Lets try a Practice Problem PG 426 A concave mirror has a focal length of 12cm.

More Practice Read pages 419-430  TB: questions 427. 1-5  WB: pg 134-136  STSE: TB 428-429 due Monday  .