Child Labor

Presented By: FarzIn Saqib (070157-004)

Child Labor
 What does child labor mean? All economic activity of children Any work of sufficient hours per week to undermine their health and education And all the hazardous work which could threaten the health of children under 18.

Child Labour
ch il d lab or …
 Employment of children that is Forced Unfair in wages Injurious to health and safety  Any work that is harmful to Social, physical,  mental and psychological development of a child

Child Labour
How Many Children work
 246 million children aged 5-17 are child workers throughout the world.  Percentage of Economically active children in asia
 Pakistan  Bangladesh  India  Malaysia  Thailand  China  Nepal  Vietnam 17.67 % 30.12 % 14.37 % 03.16 % 16.22 % 11.55 % 45.18 % 09.12%

Child Labor in Pakistan
Basic Facts
 According to figures provided by the International Labor Organization (ILO), the NWFP has a literacy rate of 37.3 percent, much lower than the country's overall figure of 49 percent. The provincial drop-out rate at primary school level is almost 50 percent, which suggests that a disproportionately high number of children are working. Recent survey conducted by the UN children's agency UNICEF indicated that at least eight million children are at work in Pakistan out of its total population of 140 million. In Peshawar alone there are more than 5,500 auto workshops, furniture factories, shoe factories, brick kilns, carpet weaving centers and tyre repair centers where more then 37,000 children labor, the ILO report revealed.

Child Labour
Effects on Children
 Hea lth : child labor are easily replaced; Consequently, children rarely get medical or psychological attention if needed.  Edu ca tion : child labor are often denied access to education. Thus, even if they escape, they do not have the skills necessary for higher-paying jobs.  Fa mily Tie s : child labor are often separated from their families. Even if these children escape from labor, their families still may not welcome them home.
Source: Jon Warren via Hamline University

Child Labour
Why Does It Exist?
 Pove rt y : Children who live in extreme poverty are most susceptible to labor.  Tra dit ion : Some parents view their children as property over which they have the right to control.  Con tr ol: Children are attractive labor because they are easier than adults to manipulate and control.  Ch ea p and Rep la cea ble: The average child labor costs less then the adult labor and they can easily replaced because they have no rights.  Physic al Siz e: Because they are smaller than adults, child labor are more desirable for certain tasks such as weaving rugs and picking cocoa.

Child Labour
Policy Considerations for ending child labor If Paki stan' s l ea ders and po li cy makers are s eri ous to con trol, th ey mu st ta ke th e foll ow ing f ac tors i nto acco unt.  Fi rs tl y : they must aware of the scope of the problem by properly identifying Pakistan's child labor force.  Se con dly : they must be aware of how prevalent child labor really is  Thi rd ly: they must take into considerations is the need to create a proper and effective educational system  Fi nall y: they must learn from the experiences of NGO’s and civil society organization’s innovative initiatives.

Child Labour
Suggestions What Can You Do?
 Educate yourself about Child Labour.  Contact local, state, and national politicians for support against Child Labour.
• Write letters asking for their opinion on Child Labour.

 Talk to your parents about Child Labour.
• Educate the adults in your life!
Source: Jon Warren via Hamline University

 Advocate for Child Labour awareness!
• Begin a social awareness/ human rights club.

Child Labor
 Solution of child labor is Reduction of poverty Broad based economic and social development Create an environment for fundamental change in cultural attitudes. Availability of education in country

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