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A BHEL PRESENTATION

Modular Steam Turbines
for
Captive Power Plant Applications
Table -1: CPP units based on fuel type
Steam*
Diesel **
Gas/ Naphta
Hydel
Total
Fuel type % Share (of installed capacity)
45.6
39.6
14.6
0.2
100.0
* includes Coal, Bagasse,Cogeneration and other forms of Steam
** includes diesel,LSHS,HFD,FD,HSD and similar fuels
Source: Power Line Magazine
Total
Fuel type Industry
100
Source: Power Line Magazine
Total
Capacity range (MW) % Share (of installed capacity)
15.1
12.3
21.4
12.5
13.4
9.5
15.8
100.0
Table -1: CPP units based on Capacity
1 - 5
5.1 - 10
10.1 - 25
25.1 - 50
50.1 - 100
100.1 - 250
> 250
Design Approaches of Steam Turbines by BHEL
• Industrial Turbines on Building - Block System (Straight flow Turbines)
• Centre admission Turbines
• Multi-cylinder Reheat Turbines
INDUSTRIAL TURBINES ON BUILDING BLOCK SYSTEM
•Turbines to suit varying customer requirements and
parameters for diverse applications
•Modular system of turbines for adaptation to Specific
application of Industry without sacrificing economy and
efficiency
•Range of Turbines based on 3 principal building - blocks
•Front section with industrial steam admission
•Centre section with transition/extension sectors
•Rear section with exhaust

INDUSTRIAL TURBINES ON BUILDING BLOCK SYSTEM
•Centre section
- Blading system can be extended by extensive section
- matching of front section with larger flow sections & transition
section
•Front section in two patterns
N - for normal steam inlet conditions upto 100 bar/500°C
(5 geometrically graded sizes)
H - for higher inlet steam conditions upto 140 bar/540°C
(4 geometrically graded sizes)
•Rear section (Exhaust) & Versions
- for normal back pressure upto 20 bar(in 7 sizes)
- for higher back pressure upto 45 bar (in 4 sizes)
- for condenser Turbines ( in 8 sizes)
Centre Admission Turbines
•Steam admission through two separate valve blocks
•Steam admitted at the centre of the turbine
•Outer casing does not come in direct contact with initial
steam
•Full admission to control stage is achived by steam
admission from top and bottom without any complicated
castings
•Lower pressure drop across labyriuth glands at the front
end
Multi-cylinder Reheat Turbines
•Two cylinder design for power outputs over 100MW
•First cylinder is a compact horizontally,HP-IP module
with both inlet and IP valves mounted at centre
•HP & IP portions are separated by means of labyrinth glands
•Second Cylinder is a low pressure single flow type
Steam Parameters
•Upto 40MW Conventional Plants - 62 ata, 480°C
•Upto 80MW Conventional Plants - 86 ata, 510°C
•For a 50MW CPP - 60 ata, 510°C (HP)
•Over 100MW - 130 ata, 540°C
•For a 50MW CPP - 62 ata, 480°C
- 60 ata, 510°C (LP)
- 60 ata, 510°C (LP)
Turbine Control System
•Electronic governers for all ranges of turbines for faster
response
•Microprocessor based protection and interlock system
for Turbine and its auxiliaries
¬ Graphics for P&I diagrams
•Human Machine Interference
¬ Indication of real time process parameters
¬ annunciation of abnormal process parameters
¬ Trend charts
Turbine Control System for large turbines(>100MW)
•High pressure Electro-Hydraulic Actuators for turbine
stop valves,Control valves and LP bypass valves.
¬ turbine warm up, starting, speeding,block-building and
synchronizing
•Turbine stress evaluator
¬ Lube oil system
¬ Control oil system
¬ Condensate and evacuation system
•Automatic Turbine Tester
•Automatic Turbine Runup System
•LP Bypass system
Advanced CAD/CAM
Application Software
NISA,ANSYS,NASTRAN
PRO/Engineer,IDEAS
CAEPIPE-3.75/CAESER-II
- Stress analysis of critical
components transient &
steady state thermal
analysis creep analysis etc.
- Solid Modelling
- Pipe stress analysis software
Advanced CAD/CAM
Application Software
PDS,PDMS
G.T.Pro
STAAD
- Plant Design System
-
- Structural Analysis
Centre Admission Turbines
•Leakage steam from the inner labyvinth between two
groups of stages is fully utilised by subsequent stage
group.
•For combined cycle application, the control stage is
dispensed. Stea, is admitted directly from top and
bottom.Injection branch is added for taking in the LP
steam
Enthalphy Gradient in Back Pressure &
Condensing Steam Turbines
¯
ª
+
·
·
®
¯
·
4

W
·
³
Condensation of turbine
exhaust in condensor
¯ª+^´¯4 We³
Further utilisation of
turbine exhaust in process
Utilisation of
Main Steam in
Back-Pressure
Turbines
Utilisation of Main
Steam in Condensing
Turbines
Building - Block System
Steam Turbine based on Building- Block System
Steam Flow in Centre admission turbines
Centre admission Turbine
Condensing Turbine with Centre admission
Two Cylinder Reheat Steam Turbine 100 -150 MW
Power Plant Layout
Power Plant Layout
Power Plant Layout
Power Plant Layout
Equipment & Piping Layout
THANK YOU
BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRI CALS LI MI TED
BHEL - HYDERABAD