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PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS WITH CAESAR II

by

Andrey Puruhita

PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS WITH CAESAR II  What the different with piping stress ?  Pipeline burried modeling  Anchor block restrain  Load case combination & result .

3 • Aboveground • Many support or restrain needed Pipeline modeling • Code requirement use ASME B31.8 for gas transmission • Usually Underground • Shall use anchor block as a restrain from abovegroundunderground conversely .The difference of piping & pipeline stress analysis Piping modeling • Code requirement shall use ASME B31.4 for liquid & B31.

Burried Pipe • Buried pipe deforms laterally in areas immediately adjacent to changes in directions • In areas far removed from bends and tees the deformation is primarily axial .

Soil Models • Describe the sections of the piping system that are buried.PIPELINE BURRIED MODELING • The Buried Pipe Modeler is started by selecting an existing job. and define any required fine mesh areas using the buried element data spreadsheet • Convert the original model into the buried model by the activation of option Buried Pipe . and then choosing menu option Input-Underground from the CAESAR II Main Menu • Enter the soil data using Buried Pipe .Convert Input .

Input soil models .

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• It allows the input of user defined soil stiffnesses .The buried element description spreadsheet serves several functions • It allows the user to define which part of the piping system is buried. • It allows the user to define mesh spacing at specific element ends.

Burried pipe example .

Anchor Block Restrain • Pipeline with a long distance needs block valve. there were a change direction from underground to aboveground • In this situation pipeline must be installed with anchor block before and after aboveground pipe .

Why we need anchor block ? • To prevent stress failed on block valve due to axial deformation of a long pipeline .

Example of block valve modeling Anchor block Anchor block .

Load Case Combination • To check stress analysis on pipeline shall use several load case combination as folow : .

• Sustain Load ( W + P) • Thermal Load (T) • Combination Load ( W + T + P) .

000 12636.4 ALLOWABLE: 60000. 0. 60000.in. 60000.000 / 1. 18. 2703.Caesar Stress Result • • • • • • • • • • • • CAESAR II STRESS REPORT FILE:FOR TUTORIAL CASE 3 (OPE) W+T2+P1 DATE:OCT 1.06 @NODE 90 STRESS: 12636. 1. 18. 60000. 17. . 0. 60000. 0.000 / 1.)----(lb.in.8 @NODE 90 TORSIONAL STRESS: 0. 60000. 0./sq. 3255. 1./sq. 1. 3255. 20.000 10300. 1461.in.000 12636. 21.000 10739.2 @NODE 130 3D MAX INTENSITY: 30120.)-ELEMENT BENDING TORSION SIF'S ALLOWABLE NODES STRESS STRESS IN/OUT PLANE STRESS STRESS % HIGHEST STRESSES: (lb.) OPE STRESS %: 21. 1.4 @NODE 20 • • • • • • 60 70 80 90 90 95 1357.2009 --Stress(lb.000 / 1.0 @NODE 49 AXIAL STRESS: 9455.000 / 1./sq. 60000.000 / 1. 21. 0. 1. 0.000 / 1.0 BENDING STRESS: 3254. 919.000 10842.000 12085. 1.

THANK YOU .