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Fieldbuses

Robot i/o and Networking By Ben baird 11/22/10

Definition:
Fieldbus is an industrial network system for real-time distributed control. It allows digital communications between field devices including control room equipment. Replaces 4-20 mA analog technology
There are many fieldbusses available each one providing advantages for particular applications.

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 Reduced debugging time  Why Fieldbus? Easier calibration Reduced field wiring costs   Reduced commissioning costs Reduced maintenance costs through self diagnostics Interoperability of different manufacturers More production uptime Allows for reliable communication in very noisy environments     .

Disadvantages • • • • • Initial cost can be high Increased cost of devices in some cases Longer reaction time Many different versions of devices due to the many standards More complex – Personnel must be specially trained .

analog. • I/O Slices – – The point of connection for the devices on the machine Slices can be digital.• Coupler/Controller – – Fieldbus Node Components Communicate I/O status with the central PLC Can control the devices they are connected to(Controller only). input. or output • Terminating Block .

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  Fieldbus Standard Protocols ControlNet Foundation Fieldbus H1  PROFIBUS P-Net   FOUNDATION Fieldbus HSE (High Speed Ethernet) SwiftNet (a protocol developed for Boeing. since withdrawn) WorldFIP   .

and temperature.Differences between Standards • Sensor Bus Networks – Offer little connectivity to analog inputs – AS-i is a common example – Devices usually include on/off valves. as they both supply power on the network. and flow switches. . – For process control including devices such as pressure transmitters then the most suitable protocols would be PROFIBUS PA/DP and FOUNDATION Fieldbus. level.

5Mbps – 200 meters – 12Mbps – 100 meters • Profibus PA(Process Level) – 31.75Kbps and less – 1200 meters per segment – 500Kbps – 400 meters – 1.Data Transfer speeds • Profibus DP – 93.25 Kbps – 1900 meters • Foundation Fieldbus .

Other Differences .

Some variable that should be considered before choose a type of fieldbus are: • The possible distance between connections is limited • The type of data transmitted • Max number of devices per loop .Limitations Limitations depend greatly on the type of fieldbus network.

– EtherCAT – EtherNet/IP – Ethernet Powerlink – PROFINET IO . They may replace traditional fieldbus devices in the long term.New Developments • Many Ethernet based communicaiton systems are currently being developed.

Supporting Technology • Workstations • LAN network • Software • PLC .

Cost .

Cost • Foundation Fieldbus solution Maximum tanks per loop = 12 Loops = 100/12 = 9 Linking device costs: $3300 each • • • Profibus PA solution Maximum tanks per loop Loops = 100/24 = 5 Linking device costs: Device added price: $2750 each $0 = 24 • • • • • • Device added price: $100 each .

Relative Costs .

• Fieldbus International • Yokogawa • National Instruments • Omron . • Pepperl+Fuchs • Fieldbus Inc.Vendors • Relcom Inc.

Summary .

periodic.Technical Paper A Bandwidth Allocation Scheme in Fieldbuses Seung-Ho Hong and Joung-Han Lee Abstract: Field devices in factory automation and process control systems generate time-critical. and time-available data. The basic concept of the BAS is introduced and its implementation in Foundation Fieldbus. The BAS satisfies the real-time transmission requirements of time-critical and periodic data. Profibus. and CAN . This paper reviews a bandwidth allocation scheme (BAS) that is applicable to many different kinds of fieldbuses. These data share the bandwidth of one fieldbus network medium. and fully utilizes the bandwidth resources of the fieldbus network.

Application Question • You have a new assembly line you are putting in that requires hundreds of very simple on/off switches and valves. Would Foundation Fieldbus be a good choice for this system? What would you suggest? .

com/network_solutions/foundation_fieldbus_cost.com/articles/236/4/EtherCAT-Terminals-.html http://www.com.tyco-stac.aspx http://www.com/network_solutions/overview.org/wiki/Fieldbus#Disadvantages http://www.youtube.html http://www.html http://www.au/articles/30067-Profibus-PA-and-Foundation-Fieldbus-a-cost-comparison http://en.com/pdfs/catalog_pgs/networx/Networx_FN101.topworx.com/networx/pb.com.com/watch?v=ap27YeBOr_c&feature=related • • • • • • • • • .html http://www.designworldonline.sg/home/images/stories/hollysys/PRODUCTs/DCS/SM_hotswap.wikipedia.hollysys.com/prod/pepperl-fuchs/fieldbus-remote-i-o-module-7315-364705.processonline.References • http://www.pdf http://www.jpg http://www.directindustry.topworx.tyco-stac.