GREAT MASTER XUANZANG AND HIS GREAT CONTRIBUTION TO NEPAL CONTRIBUTION TO

By: Min Bahadur Shakya Director Nagarjuna Institute

Great Master Xuanzang

XUANGZANG’S ACCOUNT CONCERNING THE KATHMANDU VALLEY
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This country is about 400 li in circuit, and is situated among the Snowy mountains . The capital city is about 20 li round. Mountains and valleys are joined together in an unbroken succession. There are believers and heretics mixed together. The Sangharamas and Deva temples are closely joined. There are about 2000 priests, who study both the Great and little vehicles. The number of heretics and sectaries of different sorts is uncertain. The king is a Ksatriya, and belongs to the family of the Lichchavis. His mind is well informed, and he is pure and dignified in character. He has sincere faith in the law of the Buddha. Lately there was a king called Amsuvarman (Anchu famo) who was distinguished for his learning and ingenuity. He himself had composed a work on "sounds" (sabdavidya); he esteemed learning and respected virtue and his reputation was spread everywhere. To the south-east of the capital is a little stream and a lake. If we fling fire into it, flames immediately arise; other things take if thrown in it, and change their character.

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XUANGZANG’S ACCOUNT CONCERNING LUMBINI

Going 80 or 90 li north-east from the Arrow spring, one comes to Lumbini. There is a bathing pond of the Sakya clan whose water is clear as a mirror, and on whose surface flowers are scattered and drift. Twenty-four or twenty-five steps to the north of the pond there is an Asoka flower tree (Wuyou-hua-shu) which is now already withered; this is the place where the sacred birth of the Bodhisattva took.

Mayadevi giving birth to Siddhartha in Lumbini Garden

Nativity Sculpture

Puskarani Pond

Asokan Pillar

Asokan Inscription in Brahmi Script

Ramagrama Stupa

KAPILAVASTU : BUDDHA’S HOMETOWN

Tilaurakot Kudan Gotihawa Niglihawa Sagarhawa

Tilaurakot

Kudan (Nyagrodharama)

Gotihawa Pillar

Gotihawa : A view of the stupa mound

Niglihawa

Niglihawa : Asokan Pillar with inscription

Sagarhawa

Sagarhawa : A General View

CONCLUSION

Lumbini as a holy pilgrim site as the birth place of Buddha Sakyamuni The Birthplace of Krakuchanda Buddhas The birthplace of Kanakamuni Buddha Chunguo Monastery as the bridge between Nepal and China relation

Chinese Monastery at Lumbini, Nepal