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http://nov15.wordpress.com/ Presents

DI & LR For CAT 2009

DATA INTERPRETATION

INTRODUCTION

**TYPE 1 : AVERAGES TYPE
**

Questions are of the following type : A rural child specialist has to determine the weight of different ages. He knows from past experience that each child would weight less than 30 kg and each of them would have different weights. Unfortunately, the scale in the village could measure only weights above 30 kgs. So, he measured the children in pairs and the weights are: 35,36,37,39,40,41,42,45,46 & 47 kgs. He however forgot to note down their names. What is the weight of the lightest child? (XAT 2009)

A) 15 kg B) 16 kg C) 17 kg D) 18 kg E) 20 kg

SOLUTION

Let us assume there are 5 children such that A<B<C<D<E Now, A+B/A+C/A+D/A+E would be the possible combinations. So, each child is weghed 4 times.

So, 4(A+B+C+D+E)= 35+36+37+39+40+41+42+45+46 +47 A+B+C+D+E = 408/4 = 102

We know, A+B = min = 35, D+E = max = 47 (35)+C+(47) = 102 => C = 20 kgs.

SOLUTION

So, we have the weights as A<B< 20< D< E Examining the options, we can rule out (e) as, if 20 was least weight, A and B cannot be lesser. Also, 18 + 17 = 35, so 18 cannot be least weight! So, (d) is out. Also, 15 + 20 = 35, but 20 is supposed to be 3rd largest. So, (a) is ruled out.

SOLUTION

Now, using (b) and (c)

(b) 16 < B < 20 < D < E So, B should be 35 – 16 = 19

Now, we get 16 < 19 < 20 Examine all their combinations : 16+19 = 35 16+20 = 36 19+20 = 39

SOLUTION

Let’s check (c)

**(c) 17<B<20<D<E 17 + 18 = 35 So, 17<18<20<D<E Examine all their combinations : 17+18 = 35 17+20 = 37 18+20 = 38 (wrong)
**

So, (c) is wrong, correct answer is (b)

SLIGHT MODIFICATION

There are 6 students in a class, where marks are arranged as A>B>C>D>E>F (all integers) Their teachers gave sum of marks of 5 of them as follows :

Teacher English Math Bio Geo Marathi Hindi History Marks 232 238 244 245 250 256 235

But, one of them is lying. Using the above info, answer the following questions.

SLIGHT MODIFICATION

What is the difference between the highest and lowest total score? a) 21 b) 24 c) 18 d) 27 e) none

4.

**What is the second highest score?
**

a) 55 b) 56c) 57 d) 55 or 56 e) none b) 35 c) 36 d) 37 e) none

5.

**What is the least possible score?
**

a) 34

6.

**If sum of at least 2 scores is 80, which can be sum of 2 or more scores?
**

a) 93 b) 104 c) 110 d) 102 e) none

SOLUTION

No. of combinations = 6C5 = 6 combinations But, we are given 7 values. So 1 value is redundant. Now, let us consider the redundant value as X

5(A+B+C+D+E+F) + X = 232+238+244+245+250+256+235

= 1700 So, A+B+C+D+E = (1700 – X)/5 As all the marks are integers, 1700 – X must be divisible by 5. This will happen only if X is ending with 5 or 0

SOLUTION

So, only geography, marathi or hindi teachers can be lying. Consider Geo teacher is lying. Then, (1700 – 245) / 5 = 291 Now, we obtain the various marks as, (A+B+C+D+E) – (A+B+C+D) = E Ie., 291 – 232 = 59 291 – 250 = 41 291 – 238 = 53 291 – 256 = 35 291 – 244 = 47 291 – 235 = 56

SOLUTION

Arrange such that A>B>C>D>E The marks can be tabulated for each lying teacher as follows.

Teacher Geo

Marathi

Total

A

B 56 55 58

C 53 52 55

D 47 46 49

E 41 40 43

F 35 34 37

(1700-245)/5 = 291 59 (1700-250)/5 = 290 58 (1700-235)/5 = 293 61

Hindi

SOLUTION

Answering the questions : What is the difference between the highest and lowest total score? a) 21 b) 24 c) 18 d) 27 e) none Solution: In each case

59-35 5.

= 24 | 58-34 = 24 | 61-37 = 24 b) 56 c) 57 d) 55 or 56 e) none

**What is the second highest score?
**

a) 55

Solution:

From

each case, we get second highest scores as 56,55 and 58

SOLUTION

1.

**What is the least possible score?
**

a) 34 b) 35 c) 36 d) 37 e) none

Solution:

Least possible score is present in case with marathi teacher lying -> 34

3.

**If sum of at least 2 scores is 80, which can be sum of 2 or more scores?
**

a) 93 b) 104 c) 110 d) 102 e) none

Solution:

Sum of least scores = 80, in case with Hindi Teacher lying. Here we get, 55 + 49 = 104. and no other combination.

EXERCISE

Visit the following link for exercises on this type of Data Interpretation Problems.

http://nov15.wordpress.com/?attachment_id=89

LET ME KNOW!!

If you liked this presentation, do comment on

http://nov15.wordpress.c om or write to Nicky at nickyswetha20@yahoo.co

THANK YOU

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