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Research Design

By Dr M Manjunath Shettigar
MA (Econ), MBA, PhD

the methodology and techniques to be adopted for achieving the objectives .Research Design A major issue in research is the preparation of the research design of the research project It is a logical and systematic plan prepared for directing a research study. It specifies the objectives of the study.

Research Design . it constitutes the blueprint for the collection. measurement and analysis of data .Definition Is the conceptual structure within which research is conducted.

What will be the sample design? viii. What period of time will the study include? vii. What techniques of data collection will used? ix. How will the data be analyzed? x. In what style will the report be prepared? .Research Design – A Definition… More explicitly: i. What type of data is required? v. Why is the study being conducted? iii. What is the study about? ii. Where will the study be carried out? iv. Where can the required data be found? vi.

Methods to be used in processing and analyzing data . A clear statement of the research problem b.Research Design… In brief. Procedures and techniques (including sampling techniques) to be used for gathering information d. The population to be studied c. a research design must contain: a.

3.Types of Research Designs 1. Exploratory Descriptive & Diagnostic Experimental . 2.

Intellectual Curiosity More Careful Studying of the Phenomenon Defining Research Problem & Objectives Refinement of theory (Inductive Reasoning) THE PROCESS OF EMPIRICAL RESEARCH Building the Theoretical Framework and the Research Model Testing Hypo.: Data Analysis & Interpretation Developing Research Hypotheses Data Coding. And Editing Developing Operational Definitions for Research Variables Data Collection Sampling Design .Contents of Research Design Intriguing Observation.

Importance/uses of research design It provides direction for research effort/ work  Facilitates smooth flow of research operations  Ensures economy of effort and expenditure  Provides and overview of the work to peers/ other experts  .

Contents/ factors of Research Design  Introduction  Should place the problem in historical context. pointing out its core nature and purpose  Statement of the problem  . state the need for research and researcher’s interest The problem needs to be stated in clear and precise terms.

Contents/ factors of Research Design  Review of the previous studies  Literature review – to identify the gaps in knowledge existing  Scope of the study  Breadth and depth. geographical area to be covered. reference period and so on These refer to the questions to which the researcher seeks answers through the study  Objectives of the study  .

pattern of interconnections among them Hypothesis  Operational definitions of concepts  The significance of the study  .Contents/ factors of Research Design  Conceptual model  Variables.

checklists   Sampling plan  Tools for gathering data  . qualitative Sample size. sample methodology Interview schedules. questionnaires.Contents/ factors of Research Design Geographical area to be covered  Reference period  Methodology   Quantitative.

test to be conducted Chapter scheme  Time budget  Financial budget  .Contents/ factors of Research Design  Plan of analysis  Statistical techniques to be used.

Additional reading for the topic: Research Methodology in Social Sciences By Krishnaswami & Ranganatham .