NANOTECHNOLOGY

PRESENTED BY: AJAS KM THRISSUR

CONTENTS

 INTRODUCTION  PRINCIPLE  APPLICATION AREAS  NANOTECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT  WHEN NANOTECHNOLOGY WILL START AFFECTING OUR LIVES  ADVANTAGES  DISADVANTAGES CONCLUSION

INT RO DUCT ION
Im agin e chip s embed de d in the hum an bo dy repo rting ever y bod y movemen t and just waiting to strike at those na sty ba cter ial invad ers, clothin g sma rt eno ug h to mon it or our he alth and save us fro m en vir onme ntal ha zards ,huge buil ding and machin e having the capa bility to repa ir and ad just themselves to the vaga ries of en vir onme nt or a re gul ar wri st wa tch do ubl ing up as super compute r. Th anks to the nano tec hno log y all of these wond er s

PRINCIPLE
Nanotechnology involves working with matter at the scale of one billionth of a matter. It refers to the manipulation of matter on the minutest scale i.e. atoms and molecules.
At the nano scale ,the physical, chemical and biological properties of materials differ in fundamental and valuable ways from the properties of individual atoms and molecules of bulk matter. Properties of an electron inside matter and atomic interaction are influenced by material variation on the nanometer scale. It is even possible to control fundamental properties of materials like their melting temperature, magnetic properties, charge capacity, and even their colors, without changing the materials chemical composition.

APPLICATIONS OF NANOTECHNOLOGY
 MEDICAL AREA

SUPERCOMPUTING MEMS SMART CLOTHING

MEDICAL AREA
 Nano surgical tools can help in making up the damages at molecular and cellular level.  Nanotechnology may also be useful for developing ways to detect and eradicate cancer cells.  Nanorobots could also be programmed to perform delicate surgeries or remove obstructions in the circulatory system.

NANO ROBOT IN BLOOD STREAM

NANOROBOT PERFORMING CELL SURGERY

“GLOBBLEBOT:ARTIFICIAL WHITE BLOOD CELL”

ARTIFICIAL WHITE BLOOD CELLS

DRILLERS, PEEPERS, STRINGERS ENGAGE IN A DELICATE SURGICAL OPERATION TO REMOVE A CANCER TUMOUR

NANO ROBOT OR NANOBOT
NANO ROBOTS ARE NANO MACHINES EMBEDDED IN OUR BODY PERFORMING THEIR DUTIES AS DISCIPLINED SOLDIERS . BEFORE BEING SENT INTO THE BODY ON THEIR SEARCH ON DESTROY MISSION, THEY HAVE TO BE PROGRAMMED WITH A SET OF CHARACTERSTICS THAT LET THEM CLEARLY DISTINGUISH THEIR TARGETS FROM EVERY THING ELSE .

SENSOR AND CPU SUBSYSTEM OF A NANOBOT

SUPERCOMPUTERS

Assemblers will enable the construction of both molecular electronic and molecular mechanical devices. It is to be expected that electronic effects will permit faster switching times than do mechanical effects, permitting the construction of faster and much powerful

 NANO TUBE S ARE TI NY TUBE S O F CA RBO N ABO UT 1 0,0 00 TI ME S THI NNER THA N HUM AN HAI R.  TH ESE CO NSI ST OF RO LLED UP SHEET S OF MULT I LAY ER CA RBO N AT OMS I N HEX AG ON SHAP E. THEY CO NDUCT EL ECTRI CI TY BET TER THA N CO PP ER A ND ARE MORE ST RO NG ER THAN ST EEL W IRE .

MUL TI- WAL LED CARBO N NANO TUBE

MICRO ELECTRO-MECHANICAL SYSTEM (MEMS)
Mi cro-E lec tro-Me chani cal Sys tems (ME MS ) is the int egrati on of mec hanic al elem ents , sensors , ac tuat ors , and elec troni cs on a commo n si li co n subs trat e through mic ro fabric ati on tech nology . Whil e the el ect ronic s ar e fabric ated us ing int egrated circ uit (I C) pr oces s sequenc es (e.g. , CMO S, Bipol ar , or BICM OS proc es ses ), th e mi crom ec hanical component s are fabric at ed us ing compat ibl e "mi crom achi ning" proc ess es that selec tiv ely et ch away parts of the sili con wafer or add new struc tural lay er s to for m the mec hanic al and elec trom echani cal d evices.

NANOMECHANICAL GEAR ASSEMBLY

LOW FRICTION NANO GEARS

A JE T E NG INE IN A MIC ROT URBIN E

A MICROPUMP

SMART CLOTHING

Shirt made of Titanium

SOFT

SWITCH

NANOTECHNOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT
Advances in nano science will lead to new means of:  Reducing the production of wastes Remediation of industrial contamination.  Providing potable water Improving the efficiency of energy production and use. On the other hand, the introduction of large quantities of nano structured materials into our society may have unforeseen consequences for environmental quality.

Advantages of Nanotechnology
• Nano-structuring is expected to bring about lighter, stronger and programmable materials. • It is not impossible to have devices that can convert house hold waste into fresh food, diamond rings or antique works of art. • In medical field we will have microscopic robots floating in our blood streams fighting against cancer cells, AIDS HIV virus, genetic disorders or even ageing.

• We can create pollution free environment by having automatic clean up systems of existing pollutants. • Many extinct plants and animals can be studied and even reintroduced. • Some of the novel inventions like airplanes, space crafts and other transport made from lightweight material are possible with nano techniques. • Computers billions of times faster and with massive memory but with miniscale storage devices

Disad vant ag es of Nan ot ec hn ol ogy
 Nanotech

particles will penetrate living cells and accumulate in animal organs, and can perhaps enter the food chain.  There is no regulatory body dedicated to check this potent and powerful invasion  Their impact on environment is unknown.e.g. Nanotubes of carbon use gallium & arsenic and minute traces of gallium arsenide in the body could prove toxic.

Changes in the proteins due to the presence of nano particles in the blood stream could trigger dangerous effects like blood clotting

 A whole new class of toxins or the environmental problems may be created due to nanotechnology.  Reaction of humans and existing environment to these nanoparticles and nanobots and their acceptance is not known.

Nanotechnol ogy wi th al l its chal lenges and opportuni ti es wi ll become a part of our future. The res earcher s are opti mi sti c for the products bas ed upon thi s technol ogy. Nanotechnol ogy is slow ly but steadi ly usheri ng in the

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