and patterns of response that do not re"uire the person to be constantly on guard.Family and Society
• A group of two or more persons related by marriage. blood or adaptation who reside together. present and future) in which there are certain behaviors in common that affect each other! sharing goals and identity.(Cavan) • An organi ation or social institution with continuity(past. (Duvall) • Provides unit that maintains a common culture. mutual concern for physical and emotional needs.(#esser)
. derived from the general culture which members learn and practice expected social roles.
• Are defined as a set of widely shared beliefs. (%enshin. which embody certain common values to meet certain basic needs of society. or procedures for satisfying the members$ basic needs.
. norms. &''() • )hey are also an organi ed system of relationships.
• )o provide for economic needs (economical).Purpose of Family
• )o perpetuate the springs by providing the union of male and female to produce offsprings (biological). • )o assure their nurture and training within a given society (social). • )o satisfy respective emotional needs (psychological).
•.Patriarchal * headed by a man.
. Nuclear * consists of parents and children. . •. Extended * consists of a nuclear family plus blood+related relatives sharing common privileges and responsibilities within a household.#atriarchal * headed by a woman. .Types of Family
1. •. Blended * occurs when children from one or both spouses are combined into one family! may also include the half+ siblings if the couple has other children. Traditional * composed of parents and children living in the same households and characteri ed by the traditional gender roles. who are usually offsprings of their parents or who may also be adopted or receiving foster care.
3. 4. Single parent * consists of one parent and his or her children. Social Contact * consists of unmarried couples of the opposite sex who love to be together and may bear children. Communes * large groups of individuals residing in close proximity and sharing the same values and goals
. • $amily o" procreation. )he family which the couples establish through marriage. )he family in which the couples grew up.Varieties of the Family
Those who marry ha e! in e""ect! two "amilies# • $amily o" orientation.
Cultural norms prescribing that people marry within their social group or category.orms of polygamy. . usually a woman and a man.Mate Selection
)he selection of partner depends.%onogamy.
. -orms governing the number of mates a person may have. 1. •.&olygamy. on the society$s norms regarding what partners are appropriate.Exogamy. 3. &olyandry * the concurrent marriage of one woman with two or more men.Endogamy. Cultural norms prescribing that people marry outside their social group or category. &olygyny * the concurrent marriage of one man with two or more women. too. 4. •. )he concurrent marriage of a person of one sex with two or more members of the opposite sex. 2. A marriage between two partners.
Rules of escent and Inheritance
3. &atrilocal 'esidence. Descent is traced through the line of the mother$s family. %atrilineal descent. Egalitarian $amily. ). %atrilocal 'esidence. A family structure in which authority is held by the eldest female usually the mother. A family structure in which authority is held by the eldest male usually the father. )he custom of a married couple living in the same household or community with the wife$s family.
Rules of Authority
. &atrilineal descent.Rules of Residence
1. *. 4. &atriarchal $amily. 2. A family structure in which both partners share power and authority e"ually. A system of tracing descent through the father$s side of the family. )he custom of a married couple living in the same household or community with the husband$s family.
0exual regulation 1eproduction Protection 0ociali ation Affection and Companionship Providing of social status 6conomic and Psychological support 7. 6motional 0ecurity
. 2. &. (.!ther Functions of Family
/. 4. 5. 3.
unction (.)ransmitting the culture. Affectional . 0ocial .unction 3.unction
. /. thereby insuring man$s essential humanness
Types of Family Functions"
A normal or characteristic action expected or re"uired of someone in a given situation. • All functions of the family can be reduced to two basic roles.8nsuring a physical survival of species &. Physical .
#aintenance of order through effective communication and patterns of interaction 5. #aintenance of motivation and morale
. Providing physical necessities Allocation of resources Division of labor 0ociali ation of family members 1eproduction. 2. 3. (.Tas+s * a function assigned to a person done as part of one$s own duties. release of new members for society 4.
Family e#elopment Tas$ %i&ht 'asic Tas$s for Families
/. &. recruitment into the family. Placement of members into the larger society 7.
B. &re/School Stage * includes elements of the childbearing stage and considerations for a family with a child between & /9& and 3 years of age. C..Phases and Sta&es of the Family L ife (ycle"
.ge Stage * starts when the /st child goes at school.
. Expecting &hase * starts with the awareness that the wife is pregnant and continues until the birth of the first child. School . E. at 3+4 years of age. . Esta-lishment &hase * begins with the couple at marriage and continues until they become aware of the fact that the wife is pregnant. Child Bearing Stage * begin with the birth of the /st baby and continues until the /st born is in pre+school. and continues until he or she becomes a teenager at /2..
0. 4. and military service or in some cases of marriage.
. college.ging 3ears * the final stage of the family life cycle.$. . which begins with the wage earner$s retirement and encompasses the death of one spouses and finally death of the other. 2. 1aunching Stage * heralded by the event of the /st born child leaving home for a :ob. %iddle 3ears * extends from the launching of the last child until retirement or death of one of the spouses. Teenage Stage * continues from the time the /st born child is /2 years of age until he departs from the home as a young adult.
The Filipino Family
Structural and $unctional Characteristics# /.ilipino family is -. 4.uthority in the $amily (. )he . 8n the barrios. . )he traditional domain of the man lies outside of the home. son and daughters marry within the community so that adults are closely related.C<6A1. )he husband plays the role of breadwinner and the mother plays the house=eeper and manager of the family$s income. &.
. the husband$s relatives predominate 2. )he . 3.ilipino family is PA)18A1C%A<. 6xtra members are included.
Descent is >8<A)61A<. Parents can not completely cut+off any of the children even through a will. )he ideal is to set up an independent household immediately after marriage. 3. although a parent may indicate preference for one or another of the children.The Filipino Family
. )he couples will more li=ely stay with the parents of the husband until the coming of the first child. Property is usually ac"uired through inheritance and e"ual distribution is one basic principle. &atterns o" 'esidence (.escents /. 2. &.
The Filipino Family
2appiness 5rientation /. Children are the most common source of happiness. 0ibling relationships are also very strong. extending after marriage.
. 2. )he . )he family is the best insurance against old age (. &.ilipino finds his family as his chief source of happiness.
“Marriage is a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered into in accordance with the law for the establishment of conjugal and family life.” 6ssential 1e"uisites of #arriage (Art. Article 8 of the new family code provides that.&) #arriages 6xempted from <icense 1e"uirement (chapter & articles &5+2() ?oid and ?oidable #arriage(Chapter 2 Article 23+(/) Annulment of #arriage <egal 0eparations
. It is the foundation of the family and an inviolable social institution whose nature.Family (ode of the Philippines
Chapter 8. expects that marriage settlements may fix the property relations during the marriage within the limits provided by this code. consequences and incidents are governed by law and not subject to stipulation.