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Medical

Terminology

Akanit
Chaichalermsak
A. Laboratory
Terminology
Arterial Blood Gas (ABG)
Blood Sugar (BS)
Cholesterol
Complete Blood Count
(CBC)
Hematocrit (Hct)
Hemoglobin (Hb)
Red Blood Cell (RBC)
Sputum Culture
Nasopharyngeal Culture
Wound Culture
Urinalysis (UA)
White Blood Cell (WBC)
B. Special Examination
Terminology
Barium Enema (BE)
Chest X-ray (CXR)
Colonoscopy
Computed Tomography (CT
Scan)
Computed Axial Tomography
(CAT Scan)
Dual Energy X-ray
Absorptiometry (DEXA)
Echocardiography
Electrocardiography
(ECG/EKG)
Electroencephalography
(EEG)
Electromyography (EMG)
Electrophysiology Study
(EPS)
Exercise Stress Test
(EST)
Gastroscopy
Intravenous Pyelogram
(IVP)
Magnetic Resonance
Imaging (MRI)
Mammography
Pap Smear
Positron Emission
Tomography
(PET Scan)
Pulmonary Function Test
Tilt Table Test (TTT)
Ultrasound (U/S)
Upper GI Series
Plain KUB
C. Procedure and
Operation
Abortion
Appendectomy
Aspiration
Biopsy (Bx.)
Colostomy
Endoscopic Retrograde
Cholangiopancreatography
(ERCP)
Extracorporeal Shock Wave
Lithotripsy (ESWL)
Liver Biopsy
Lung Biopsy
Breast Biopsy
Bone Marrow Biopsy
Blood Transfusion
Bone Marrow Aspiration
(BMA)
Burr Hole
Cesarean Section (C/S)
Chemotherapy
Coronary Angiography
(CAG)
Coronary Artery Bypass
Graft (CABG)
Craniectomy
Craniotomy
Dilatation and Curette
(D&C)
Endoscopy
Incision and Drainage
(I&D)
Intercostal Chest Drain
(ICD)
Laparoscopy
Laparoscopic Tubal
Ligation
Lumbar Puncture (LP)
Mastectomy
Normal Sterile Vaginal
Delivery (NSVD)
Open Heart Surgery
Open Reduction and
Internal Fixation (ORIF)
Per Rectum (PR)
Per Vagina (PV)
Percutaneous Endoscopic
Gastrostomy (PEG)
Peritoneal Dialysis (PD)
Postpartum Tubal
Ligation (PPTL) 1
Postpartum Tubal
Ligation (PPTL) 2
Proctoscope
Radiation / Radiotherapy
Rhinoplasty
Suture
Tonsillectomy and
Adenoidectomy (T&A)
Total Abdominal
Hysterectomy (TAH)
Transperineal Urethral
Resection (TPUR)
Transurethral Resection
of the Prostate (TURP)
Ventriculoperitoneal
Shunt
(VP Shunt)
Wound Dressing
D. Diseases / Syndrome
/ Signs and Symptoms
Terminology
Abdominal Aortic
Aneurysm (AAA)
Abdominal Pain
Abortion
Abscess
Acupuncture
Acute
Glomerulonephritis
(AGN)
Acute Renal Failure
(ARF)
Acute Respiratory Distress
Syndrome (ARDS)
Allergy
Skin Allergy Test
Alzheimer’s Disease
Amenorrhea
Anal Fissure
Anemia
Anesthesia
Aneurysm
Angina Pectoris
Animal Bite
Aortic Stenosis (AS)
Appendicitis
Atrial Fibrillation (AF)
Arteriosclerotic Heart
Disease
Arthritis
Ascites
Asthma
Dysphagia
Atrial Septal Defect
(ASD)
Babinski’s Sign
Back Pain / Backache
Barrel Chest
Benign Prostatic
Hyperplasia (BPH)
Bleed / Bleeding
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Bradycardia / Sinus
Bradycardia
Bronchitis (1)
Bronchitis (2)
Burns
Cancer / Carcinoma (CA)
Cardiopulmonary
Resuscitation (CPR)
Cataract
Cellulitis
Central Venous Pressure
(CVP)
Cerebral Contusion
Cheyne Stokes Breathing
Cyanosis
Cyst
Fibroid Tumor
Cerebral Palsy (CP)
Cerebrospinal Fluid
(CSF)
Cerebrovascular Accident
(CVA) Stroke
Chest Pain
Chicken Pox
Chronic Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Cirrhosis
Collapsed Lung
Common Cold
Congestive Heart Failure
(CHF)
Conjunctivitis
Constipation
Continuous Positive Airway
Pressure (CPAP Machine)
Coronary Artery Disease
(CAD)
Cough
Cramps
Ovarian Cyst
Follicular Cyst
Cyst
Cystitis
Deep Tendon Reflex
(DTR)
Deep Vein Thrombosis
(DVT)
Dengue Hemorrhagic
Fever (DHF)
Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
Diarrhea
Disseminated Intravascular
Coagulation (DIC) 1
Disseminated Intravascular
Coagulation (DIC) 2
Blood Clot Formation
Dizziness
Drain
Drowning
Duodenal Ulcer
Dysmenorrhea
Eclampsia
Ectopic Pregnancy
Edema
Emphysema
Endometritis
Endometriosis
Epilepsy
Epistaxis
Picture 6
Fever
Food Poisoning
Fracture (Fx)
Gangrene
Gargle
Gastric Ulcer (GU) / Peptic
Ulcer (PU)
Gastritis
Gastroesophageal Reflux
Disease (GERD)
Gingivitis
Glaucoma
Goiter
Gout
Head Injury
Headache
Heart Intervention: Stent
Heart Valve
Hematemesis
Hematoma
Hematuria
Hemiplegia /
Hemiparesis
Hemodialysis / HD
Hemorrhoid
Hernia
Hydrocele
Hypertension (HT / HTN)
Hypertension can lead to

Hyperglycemia
Hypoglycemia
Treatment for
Hypoglycemia
Insect Bite
Insomnia
Intracerebral
Hemorrhage (ICH)
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
Itching
In Vitro Fertilization
(IVF)
In Vitro Fertilization
(IVF)
Intrauterine Growth
Retardation (IUGR)
Jaundice
Keloid
Kidney Stone / Renal
Stone
Kidney Transplant
Kyphosis / Kyphotic
Spine
Laceration Wound
Laryngitis
Leukemia
Lump
Lymph Nodes
Mass
Meconium Aspiration
Syndrome (MAS)
Melena
Mumps, Measles, Rubella
Myocardial Infarction
(MI)
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Morning Sickness
Motion Sickness
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Nausea and Vomiting
(N/V)
Obesity
Orthopnea
Osteoarthritis (OA)
Osteoporosis
Otitis Media (OM)
Palpitation
Paraplegia / Paralysis
Parkinson’s Disease
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
(PDA)
Pelvic Inflammatory
Disease (PID)
Peptic Perforation
Peptic Ulcer
Peritonitis
Petechiae
Pigeon Chest
Pneumonia
Pneumonitis
Pneumothorax
Polyp
Colon Polyps
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Induced
Hypertension (PIH)
Premenstrual Syndrome
(PMS)
Psoriasis
Pterygium
Pulmonary Embolism
(PE)
Pulse Oximeter
Rash
Salpingitis
Scoliosis
Short Bowel Syndrome
(SBS)
Septicemia / Sepsis
Sickle Cell Anemia
Sinusitis
Skin Turgor
Snake Bite
Spider Nevi
Strabismus
Subdural Hemorrhage
Suture
Syphilis
Systemic Lupus
Erythematosus (SLE)
Tenderness
Rebound Tenderness
Tetany
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF)
Thalassemia
Tonsil Gland
Tonsillitis
Transient Ischemic
Attack (TIA)
Tuberculosis (TB)
Upper Respiratory Tract
Infection (URI)
Ureteric Stone
Urinary Incontinence
Urinary Tract Infection
(UTI)
Urticaria
Urethral Stricture
Varicocele
Varicose Vein
Ventricular Septal Defect
(VSD)
Wound
E. Medication
Terminology
Ampule (Amp)
Capsule (Cap)
Injection
(IM)

Intravenous
(IV)

Subcutaneous
(Sc)
Intradermal Injection
Sublingual (Sl)
Suppository (suppo)
Vial
Sachet
Inhaler
Duodenal Ulcer