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The World Bank

Transport and Urban Development Department

TUDTR

ANNEX 2

ROCKS
ROad Costs Knowledge System
Version 2.01 (09/09/02)

Power Point Presentation


September 2002

The World Bank


Transport and Urban Development Department

TUDTR

ROCKS
ROad Costs Knowledge System
Version 2.01 (09/09/02)

September 2002

WORLD BANK

ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Overview
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Background and Objective Basic Framework Key Concepts System Components Development Network World Database Data Description Average and Range Unit Costs Sample Set of Outputs Dissemination and Development System Enhancements & CD
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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Background
Demand for data on road costs Data locally available, but scattered and collected in unsystematic and unstructured ways There is a need of a framework to assess cost differences among regions, terrains, cost types, contract types, contractor types, etc. WB First attempt (1999): Road Works per Km from 67 WB ICRs (Period 1995 1999)
Study found that the level of detail provided in these documents was limited and that there is a world wide need for a framework to collect this information
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Objective
Develop an international knowledge system on road work costs to be used primarily in developing countries to establish an institutional memory, and obtain average and range unit costs based on historical data that could ultimately improve the reliability of new cost estimates. Reliable estimates of construction costs are important for: comparing different project alternatives, justifying a project on economic grounds, planning the means of financing it, and reducing the risks generated by cost overruns.
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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Average and Range Unit Costs


Among many others, average and range unit costs can be used to: monitor and assess incountry road cost variations overtime, compare costs from different financing sources and at different stages (estimatecontract actual), compare road costs among country regions, better understand the impact of different types of terrain, climate, contract, contractor, etc., generate data for evaluation modules like the life cycle analysis applied in HDM4.
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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Product 1. Basic Framework Key Concepts


Concept 1. Road Works Classification and Predominant Work Activity Concept 2. Unit Cost Per Length or Unit Cost Per Area Concept 3. Database Minimum Data Set Requirements Concept 4. Alternative Classes of Input Data Concept 5. Single Currency and Single Reference Date

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Concept 1: Road Works Classification and Work Type


Work Category Preservation Work Class Routine Periodic Work Type Routine Maintenance Grading Gravel Resurfacing Widening Concrete Pavement Preventive Treatment Bituminous Pavement Preventive Treatment Unsealed Preventive Treatment Surface Treatment Resurfacing Asphalt Mix Resurfacing Rehabilitation Strengthening New 6L Expressway Concrete Pavement Restoration Reconstruction Number of Lanes 1L - One Lane 4L - Four Lane 2L - Two Lane 6L - Six Lane New Construction Widening and Reconstruction Upgrading New 1L Road New 2L Highway New 4L Highway New 6L Highway New 4L Expressway Work Category Development Work Class Improvement Work Type Partial Widening Partial Widening and Reconstruction

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Work Category Preservation Work Class Routine Work Type Routine Maintenance

ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System


Predominant Work Activity Routine Maintenance 1L Road Routine Maintenance Unsealed 2L Highway Routine Maintenance Block 2L Highway Routine Maintenance Bituminous 2L Highway Routine Maintenance Concrete 2L Highway Routine Maintenance Bituminous > 2L Highway Routine Maintenance Concrete > 2L Highway Routine Maintenance Bituminous Expressway Routine Maintenance Concrete Expressway Light Grading Heavy Grading Regravelling Concrete Pavement Preventive Treatment Fog Seal Rejuvenation Unsealed Preventive Treatment Slurry Seal or Cape Seal Single Surface Treatment Double Surface Treatment Triple Surface Treatment Asphalt Overlay < 40 mm Asphalt Overlay 40 to 59 mm Asphalt Overlay 60 to 79 mm Asphalt Overlay 80 to 99 mm Asphalt Overlay > 99 mm Mill and Replace Bonded Concrete Overlay Unbounded Concrete Overlay Concrete Slab Replacement Concrete Slab Repair Concrete Diamond Grinding Reconstruction Unsealed Reconstruction Block Reconstruction Bituminous Reconstruction Concrete Recommended Unit Cost $/km-year Alternative Unit Cost

Concept 1: PRESERVATION WORKS Predominant Work Activities

Periodic

Grading Gravel Resurfacing Concrete Pavement Preventive Treatment Bituminous Pavement Preventive Treatment Unsealed Preventive Treatment Surface Treatment Resurfacing

$/km $/m2 $/m2 $/m2 $/m2 $/m2 $/km $/km $/km $/km $/km

Asphalt Mix Resurfacing Rehabilitation Strengthening

$/m2 $/m2

$/km $/km

Concrete Pavement Restoration Reconstruction

$/m2

$/km

$/m2

$/km

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Work Category Development Work Class Improvement Work Type Partial Widening

ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System


Predominant Work Activity Partial Widening to Unsealed 2L Partial Widening to Block 2L Partial Widening to Bituminous 2L Partial Widening to Concrete 2L Partial Widening to Unsealed 2L and Reconstruction Partial Widening to Block 2L and Reconstruction Partial Widening to Bituminous 2L and Reconstruction Partial Widening to Concrete 2L and Reconstruction Widening Adding Bituminous 1L Widening Adding Bituminous 2L Widening Adding Bituminous 4L Widening Adding Concrete 1L Widening Adding Concrete 2L Widening Adding Concrete 4L Widening Adding Bituminous 1L and Reconstruction Widening Adding Bituminous 2L and Reconstruction Widening Adding Bituminous 4L and Reconstruction Widening Adding Concrete 1L and Reconstruction Widening Adding Concrete 2L and Reconstruction Widening Adding Concrete 4L and Reconstruction Upgrading Unsealed to Unsealed 2L Highway Upgrading Unsealed to Block 2L Highway Upgrading Unsealed to Bituminous 2L Highway Upgrading Unsealed to Concrete 2L Highway Upgrading Block to Bituminous 2L Highway Upgrading Block to Concrete 2L Highway New Unsealed 1L Road New Block 1L Road New Bituminous 1L Road New Concrete 1L Road New Unsealed 2L Highway New Block 2L Highway New Bituminous 2L Highway New Concrete 2L Highway New Bituminous 4L Highway New Concrete 4L Highway New Bituminous 6L Highway New Concrete 6L Highway New Bituminous 4L Expressway New Concrete 4L Expressway New Bituminous 6L Expressway New Concrete 6L Expressway Recommended Unit Cost $/km

Concept 1: DEVELOPMENT WORKS Predominant Work Activities

Partial Widening and Reconstruction

$/km

Widening

$/km

Widening and Reconstruction

$/km

Upgrading

$/km

New Construction

New 1L Road

$/km

New 2L Highway

$/km

New 4L Highway New 6L Highway New 4L Expressway New 6L Expressway

$/km $/km $/km $/km

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Concept 2: Unit Cost per Length and Unit Cost per Area
It includes all civil works costs:
Pavement Mobilization Drainage Major Structures Line markings/signs Contingencies Taxes

It does not include other agency costs:


Design Land Acquisition Resettlement Supervision

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Concept 2: (Cont.) Unit Cost per Carriageway Area


Cost per Length. Refers to the Cost per Km. of road section. Cost per Area. Refers to the Unit Cost per square meter, calculated based on the width of the main carriageway, and excluding the width of the shoulders.

Bicycle Lane Shoulder Lane Lane Carriageway

Shoulder

Platform

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Concept 3: Minimum Data Requirements


RECORD IDENTIFIER COST DATA WORKS DATA
WORK DESCRIPTION

COUNTRY
NAME

AGENCY ID

COST
SOURCE

COST
TYPE

PROJECT OR
SOURCE NAME

Section Program

Estimate Contract Actual

Free Form

Free Form

UNIT COST
($/km - $m2)
Every single data collected to be a valid entry should include all the Mandatory items to generate the average and range unit costs

WORK TYPE
Valid List Classification

CURRENCY
CODE

COST DATE
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EXCHANGE
RATE US$

Number of Lanes

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Concept 4. Alternative Classes of Input Data


Minimum data and highly recommended data set Country specific classification Source of information details Cost, contract, contractor and construction characteristics Road works characteristics (width, terrain, climate, thickness, surface type, etc.) Road Works Cost Breakdown (bill of quantities, labor/equipment/materials, foreign/local currency) Other Road Agency Costs
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Concept 4. Data Collection Form Part I


Sections 1 through 5 - Cost and Work Description
Record Country State, Department or Province User Classification 1 User Classification 2 User Classification 3 World Region: Project or Source Name Section Report Type Report Location Cost Date Cost Source Currency Code Cost Financing BID Type Construction Method Taxes (Y/N) Work Description Work Type Work Predominant Activity Base Cost (M$) Physical Contingencies (M$) Price Contingencies (M$) Total Cost (M$)

Cost Type US$ Exchange Rate Contract Type Contractor Type Economic Cost Factor Contingencies (Y/N)

Section 6 - Road Work Cost per Length


Length (km) Duration (months) Total Cost per Kilometer ($/km) Total Cost per Kilometer (2000 US$/km)

Section 7 - Road Work Cost per Area


Total Cost per Carriageway Area ($/m2) Total Cost per Carriageway Area (2000 US$/m2)

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Section 8 - Road Work Characteristics

Concept 4. Data Collection Form Part II


Pavement Width (m) Shoulder Width (mm) Number of Lanes Resurfacing Layer Thickness (mm) Depth of Milling (mm) Surface Thickness (mm) Base Thickness (mm) Subbase Thickness (mm) Structural Number Terrain Type Mobilization (%) Demolition and Site Clearance (%) Earthworks (%) Drainage,P Works,Culv.&Min. Bridges (%) Major Bridges and Structures (%) Accesses and Junctions (%) Pavement Courses (%) Shoulder Works (%) Line Markings and Signs (%) Environment (%) Dayworks (%) Other (%) Contingencies (%) Taxes (%) Total (%) Labor (%): Materials (%): Equipment (%): Total (%): Foreign Currency (%): Land Acquisition (%): Resettlement (%): Land Acquisition & Resettlement (%): Climate Type Pavement Type Surface Class Surface Type Surface Material Base Material Patching or Crack Sealing Unit Cost ($/m2) Patching or Crack Seal. Quantity (m2/km-year) Spot Regravelling or Regravell. Unit Cost ($/m3) Spot Regravelling Quantity (m3/km-year)

Section 9 - Road Work Cost Details (% of Road Work Cost)

Drainage and Protective Works(%) Culverts and Minor Bridges (%) Subbase (%) Base (%) Subbase and Base (%) Surface (%)

Foreign Currency Code Design (%): Supervision (%):

Section 10 - Other Additional Road Agency Costs (% of Road Work Cost)

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Concept 5. Single Currency and Single Reference Date


Costs are collected on any currency Every cost data should have a date associated with it. For comparison purposes, all the data is first converted into a single reference date (using the CPI of the selected currency), and then converted into a single currency (using the exchange rate). The system presently uses year 2000 as a single reference date, and US dollars for the single currency.
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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Product 2. System Components


ROCKS Database. It is the main element of the system and the primary tool to collect and input the data. It also includes a detailed manual. ROCKS View Module. This module can be used to filter, sort, view and print the information stored in the ROCKS Database. ROCKS Statistics Module. It is used to filter, generate statistical reports, and analyze the information stored in the ROCKS Database. ROCKS Disbursements Module. It is a tool to translate a series of actual current disbursement into a single cost on a single base date.
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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Components Inputs and Outputs


ROAD WORKS CLASSIFICATION DATA COLLECTION FORM
INPU T DAT A

DISBURSEMENTS MODULE

ROCKS DATABASES
ICRARACAIBRDINDATHAAPOLABGDAARMAGHAAUGAA

VIEW MODULE

STATISTICS MODULE

OUTPUT DATA REPORTS STATISTICS

AVERAGE AND RANGE UNIT COSTS

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Product 3. Development Network


EXISTING ROCKS DEVELOPMENT NETWORK
SAR
India Bangladesh

EAP
Viet Nam Thailand Philippines

AFR
Uganda Ghana

ECA
Armenia Poland

SYSTEM TESTING - DATA COLLECTION DATA USER PARTNER DEVELOPER

THE WORLD BANK TRANSPORT UNIT


System Design & Development Data Collection & Data Consolidation Road Agency Training

COUNTRY
Armenia Bangladesh Ghana India Philippines Poland Thailand Uganda Vietnam

AGENCY
Armenia Roads SSCC RHD Roads and Highways Department GHA Ghana Highway Authority CRRI Central Road Research Institute and NHAI DPWH Department of Public Works & Highways GDDP General Directorate of Public Roads DOH Department of Highways RAFU Road Agency Formation Unit Ministry of Transport Planning & Investment Depart.

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Product 4. Database WORLD Data Description


Source: Mainly World Bank financed projects ICRs PADs Works Contracts Supervision Reports Feasibility Studies Procurement & Pavement Information Management Systems. More than 1,500 records from 65 countries.
554 estimates 554 contracts 404 actuals 433 from Programs 1079 from Sections Costs from 1984 2002 but mainly 1997 2002
Number of Records per Cost Date 1984 1 1991 4 1997 171 1986 7 1992 26 1998 165 1987 0 1993 74 1999 163 1988 7 1994 40 2000 324 1989 14 1995 63 2001 243 1990 1 1996 126 2002 28 Period 84-90 91-95 Percentage 2% 23%

96-02

75%

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Product 5. Preservation Works Unit Costs per km


PRESERVATION WORKS PRELIMINARY AVERAGE AND RANGE UNIT COSTS US$/km (Year 2000)
Work Type Routine Maintenance Predominant Work Activity Routine Maintenance Unsealed 2L Highway Routine Maintenance Bituminous 2L Highway Light Grading 2L Highway Heavy Grading 2L Highway Regravelling 2L Highway Fog Seal 2L Highway Average 989 2,199 110 522 15,344 8,946 Minimum 277 656 51 323 1,997 2,805 Maximum 1,740 5,580 205 876 65,038 15,783 Count 7 40 12 6 130 18

Grading

Gravel Resurfacing Bituminous Pavement Preventive Treatment Surface Treatment Resurfacing

Slurry Seal or Cape Seal 2L Highway Single Surface Treatment 2L Highway Double Surface Treatment 2L Highway Asphalt Overlay < 40 mm 2L Highway Asphalt Overlay 40 to 59 mm 2L Highway Asphalt Overlay 60 to 79 mm 2L Highway Asphalt Overlay 80 to 99 mm 2L Highway Asphalt Overlay > 99 mm 2L Highway Reconstruction Unsealed 2L Highway Reconstruction Bituminous 2L Highway Reconstruction Concrete 2L Highway

10,732 18,937 27,502 37,352 67,619 89,933 137,445 145,853 36,068 233,426 262,992

4,452 5,295 10,684 12,878 21,021 27,473 38,583 73,444 10,046 20,165 45,069

27,520 38,607 45,277 82,320 126,131 157,984 403,694 273,516 93,207 685,105 657,747

33 38 55 26 158 37 108 56 24 412 17

Asphalt Mix Resurfacing Strengthening

Reconstruction

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Product 5. Development Works Unit Costs per km


DEVELOPMENT WORKS PRELIMINARY AVERAGE AND RANGE UNIT COSTS US$/km (Year 2000)
Work Type Partial Widening Partial Widening and Reconstruction Widening Predominant Work Activity Partial Widening to Bituminous 2L Average 150,925 Minimum 135,964 Maximum 161,677 Count 6

Partial Widening to Bituminous 2L and Rec.

378,160

307,222

424,928

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Widening Adding Bituminous 2L

486,930

290,776

670,195

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Widening and Reconstruction

Widening Adding Bituminous 1L and Rec. Widening Adding Bituminous 2L and Rec. Widening Adding Bituminous 4L and Rec. Upgrading Unsealed to Unsealed 2L Highway Upgrading Unsealed to Bituminous 2L Highway Upgrading Unsealed to Concrete 2L Highway Upgrading Block to Bituminous 2L Highway New Bituminous 2L Highway New Concrete 2L Highway New Bituminous 4L Highway New Concrete 4L Highway

410,257 1,077,419 1,866,207 52,176 296,466 314,200 325,150 1,256,331 1,023,858 2,798,048 3,249,687

262,532 705,502 1,568,359 12,592 73,470 92,651 272,527 644,786 572,502 2,123,298 2,706,956

564,575 1,417,778 2,096,415 93,205 834,428 469,815 384,392 1,875,104 1,515,835 4,006,131 3,792,418

9 21 8 14 55 5 3 26 12 10 2

Upgrading

New 2L Highway

New 4L Highway

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Unit Costs per km 2L equivalent


Frequency Histogram of Cost per km Double Surface Treatment 2L Highway
9 8

Number of Observations

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

10 ,6 84 13 ,3 45

16 ,0 06 18 ,6 67

21 ,3 28 23 ,9 89

26 ,6 50 29 ,3 11

31 ,9 72 34 ,6 33

37 ,2 94 39 ,9 55

US$/km (Year 2000)

42 ,6 16 45 ,2 77

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Product 5. Preservation Works Unit Costs per M2


PRESERVATION WORKS PRELIMINARY AVERAGE AND RANGE UNIT COSTS US$/m2 (Year 2000)
Work Type Gravel Resurfacing Bituminous Pavement Preventive Treatment Surface Treatment Resurfacing Asphalt Mix Resurfacing Strengthening Predominant Work Activity Regravelling Fog Seal Slurry Seal or Cape Seal Single Surface Treatment Double Surface Treatment Asphalt Overlay < 40 mm Asphalt Overlay 40 to 59 mm Asphalt Overlay 60 to 79 mm Asphalt Overlay 80 to 99 mm Asphalt Overlay > 99 mm Reconstruction Unsealed Reconstruction Bituminous Reconstruction Concrete Average 2.42 1.11 1.62 2.61 3.82 5.18 9.81 12.74 18.66 20.89 5.15 33.35 38.11 Minimum 0.29 0.35 0.74 0.81 1.53 1.84 3.00 3.92 5.51 10.49 1.44 2.88 6.93 Maximum 10.84 2.10 4.59 5.29 6.14 11.28 19.16 21.06 38.35 42.08 13.32 97.87 93.96 Count 130 18 33 38 55 26 156 37 104 56 24 412 17

Reconstruction

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Sample Output 1.
Cost per Km for Selected Works in Thailand in Million U$/km (Year 2000) and Cost Adjustment Factors by Terrain Type and Region
WORK ACTIVITY REGION NORTHERN REGION 0.011 0.045 0.068 0.070 0.081 0.094 Flat 0.470 0.380 0.465 0.380 0.337 0.650 0.834 2.584 2.913 Rolling 0.485 0.390 0.463 0.390 0.351 0.685 0.865 2.406 2.796 Mount. 0.725 0.503 0.548 0.503 0.567 1.075 1.357 3.685 4.129 Flat 0.548 0.462 0.562 0.462 0.387 0.745 0.956 2.762 3.114 NORTHEASTERN REG. 0.011 0.050 0.077 0.092 0.104 0.118 Rolling 0.563 0.472 0.565 0.472 0.401 0.781 0.986 2.539 2.961 Mount. 0.823 0.596 0.657 0.596 0.634 1.201 1.518 3.862 4.327 Flat 0.489 0.390 0.470 0.390 0.352 0.678 0.870 2.620 2.960 CENTRAL REGION 0.011 0.045 0.068 0.071 0.082 0.094 Rolling 0.504 0.400 0.474 0.400 0.366 0.714 0.901 2.443 2.842 Mnt. Flat 0.464 0.373 0.452 0.373 0.332 0.643 0.824 2.575 2.902 SOUTHERN REGION 0.011 0.045 0.068 0.070 0.080 0.093 Rolling 0.479 0.383 0.455 0.375 0.347 0.678 0.855 2.398 2.785 Mount. 0.720 0.496 0.540 0.496 0.563 1.067 1.347 3.677 4.118 Slurry Seal or Cape Seal (Reseal) Asphalt Overlay 40-59 mm (50 mm) Asphalt Overlay 80-99 mm (80 mm) Reconstruction Bitum. (50 mm AC) Reconstruction Bitum. (80 mm AC) Reconstruction Bitum. (100 mm AC) TERRAIN TYPE Widening Adding Bitum. 2L (2L to 4L) Widening Adding Bitum. 2L (4L to 6L) Widening Adding Bitum. 2L (6L to 8L) Widening Adding Bitum. 2L (8L to 10L) New Bituminous 2L Highway New Bituminous 4L Highway New Bituminous 6L Highway New Bituminous 4L Expressway New Bituminous 6L Expressway

COST ADJUSTMENT FACTORS BY REGION & TERRAIN TYPE f(FLAT = 1.0)


REGION TERRAIN TYPE Widening Adding Bitum. 2L (2L to 4L) Widening Adding Bitum. 2L (4L to 6L) Widening Adding Bitum. 2L (6L to 8L) Widening Adding Bitum. 2L (8L to 10L) New Bituminous 2L Highway New Bituminous 4L Highway New Bituminous 6L Highway New Bituminous 4L Expressway New Bituminous 6L Expressway Flat 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 NORTHERN REGION Rolling 1.03 1.03 1.00 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.04 0.93 0.96 Mount. 1.54 1.32 1.18 1.32 1.68 1.65 1.63 1.43 1.42 NORTHEASTERN REG. Flat 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 Rolling 1.03 1.02 1.00 1.02 1.04 1.05 1.03 0.92 0.95 Mount. 1.50 1.29 1.17 1.29 1.64 1.61 1.59 1.40 1.39 Flat 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 CENTRAL REGION Rolling 1.03 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.04 1.05 1.04 0.93 0.96 Mnt. Flat 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 SOUTHERN REGION Rolling 1.03 1.03 1.01 1.00 1.04 1.05 1.04 0.93 0.96 Mount. 1.55 1.33 1.20 1.33 1.69 1.66 1.64 1.43 1.42

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Sample Output 2. Unit Costs per m2 in US$ (Year 2000)


Selected Works for Bituminous Surface Class Worldwide Data
45
42.08

40
38.35

35

30

Maximum Average Minimum

25

21.06

20.89 18.66

20

19.16

15
12.74 11.28

10

9.81

10.49

6.14

5
2.10 1.11 0.35 Fog Seal

4.59 1.62 0.74

5.29 3.82 2.61 0.81 1.53

5.18 3.92 3.00 1.84

5.51

Slurry Seal Single Double or Cape Surface Surface Seal Treatment Treatment Surface Treatment Resurfacing

Asphalt Asphalt Overlay < Overlay 40 40 mm to 59 mm Asphalt Mix Resurfacing

Asphalt Asphalt Asphalt Overlay 60 Overlay 80 Overlay > to 79 mm to 99 mm 99 mm Strengthening

Pavement Preventive Treatment

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Sample Output 3.
Cost Breakdown in Typical Bill of Quantities and Other Agency Costs (%) India Estimates Widening Adding 2L and Reconstruction

Road Work Cost Details (% of Road Work Cost)


Mobilization (%): Demolition and Site Clearance (%): Earthworks (%): Drainage,P Works,Culv.&Min. Bridges (%): Major Bridges and Structures (%): Pavement Courses (%): Line Markings and Signs (%): Contingencies (%): Total (%): Land Acquisition (%): Resettlement (%): Supervision (%): 0.5% 0.5% 11.9% 16.8% 5.7% 49.5% 5.8% 9.2% 100.0% 5.1% 3.0% 6.7%

Other Road Agency Costs (% of Road Work Cost)

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Sample Output 4.
Comparison between Actual Cost at completion and Estimated Costs at Appraisal for World Bank financed Projects All Countries

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Sample Output 5. Unit Costs per km in Thousands US$ (Year 2000)


Thousands

4,500

Selected Development Works Worldwide Data


4,006 3,792

4,000

3,500

3,000

Maximum Average Minimum

3,250

2,798

2,707

2,500
2,096 1,866 1,875 1,516 1,256 2,123

2,000

1,500

1,568 1,418 1,077 834 670 706 565 410 263


Adding Bitumin. 1L Adding Bitumin. 2L Adding Bitumin. 4L

1,000

1,024 645 296 73 470 314 93


Concrete Unsealed to Concrete Bituminous Bituminous Concrete

500
162 151 136
and Reconstruction Only

425 378 307


Adding Bitumin. 2L

487 291

573

Partial Widening to Bituminous 2L

Widening Only Widening and Reconstruction Upgrading 2L Highway

Unsealed to Bituminous

New 2L Highway

New 4L Highway

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ROCKS - ROad Costs Knowledge System

Dissemination Package Version 2.01 (09/09/02)


Microsoft Excel Documents (xls) ROCKS Database WORLD (Version 2.01) ROCKS Database EMPTY (Version 2.01) ROCKS Module - View (Version 2.01) ROCKS Module - Statistics (Version 2.01) ROCKS Module - Disbursements (Version 2.01) ROCKS Documentation Data Collection Form (Version 2.01) ROCKS Documentation Road Works Classification (Version 2.01) ROCKS Documentation Annex 1 - Set of Statistics Report (Version 2.01) Microsoft Word Documents (doc) ROCKS Documentation Executive Summary (Version 2.01) ROCKS Documentation Users Manual (Version 2.01) ROCKS Documentation Read Me First (Version 2.01) Microsoft Power Point Document (ppt) ROCKS Documentation Power Point Presentation (Version 2.01)

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For more information contact:


The World Bank Transport & Urban Development Department 1818 H St. NW Washington, DC 20433 - USA

Rodrigo Archondo-Callao Fax: 1-202-522-3223 E-mail: rarchondocallao@worldbank.org

Alberto Nogales Fax: 1-202-522-3223 E-mail: anogales@worldbank.org

Disclaimer The World Bank provides no warranty in terms of correctness, accuracy, currentness reliability or otherwise regarding the database. The user relies on the products of the software and the results solely at his or her own risk. In no event will the World Bank or anyone else who has been involved in the creation of this product be liable for its application or misapplication in the field. The World Bank reserves the right to make revisions and changes from time to time without obligation to notify any person of such revisions and changes.

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