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MPLS - VPN

- an Introduction
MPLS – a Bird’s eye
view

205 NODES across the country


Built on STM1 Backbone
(upgradable )
Managed Solutions
Identification, Escalation and
Localisation of faults before the
customer could sense it.
Better Traffic Engineering
Capabilities
CUSTOMERS CHOICES
TODAY
Point to Point Leased Lines
64 Kbps to 2 Mbps.
R & G cable.
FR Networks
Packet Switched Data Services Inet
VSAT Based solutions
HVNET / RABMN
Telephone Based Solutions
ISDN , PSTN
Limitations of the present
scenario
• Bandwidth on Demand – Not possible (Dynamic
Bandwidth allocation not possible)
2. As the organization grows, number of links becomes
more. Network becomes more complex and it
becomes difficult to maintain the reliability.
3. As the organization grows present networking
solution becomes costly since we will have to invest
on Multiple links and Networking equipments.
4. Security, Maintenance of Network Elements is
customer’s responsibility in present scenario.
5. Provisioning & Commissioning time is more.
New Choice -MPLS VPN

In this scenario
Ease of Implementation (Only the
local lead at both ends are to be
built & charged)
Scalability – Addition and Removal
of Sites can be done
instantaneously
New Choice to Customer ..
contd

SLA can be entered with customer.


Bandwidth on Demand can be provided
instantly and can vary as required.
Network monitored right up to customers
premises equipments.
Security, Maintenance of Links is the
Service Provider’s responsibility.
MPLS – a new solution to
the customers problems

Network can be implemented


easily.
Network Highly Secure.
Network built for better Traffic
Engineering.
Any differentiated Services
possible.
Network very reliable due to built
in redundancy.
BSNL – VPN Core Network
Lucknow
Delhi

Ahmedabad

Mumbai Kolkatta

Pune

Bangalore Chennai
M40e Router
STM1 Links

Ernakulam Hyderabad
BSNL – MPLS VPN Network POP
Layout

Core Router (M40e)

Gigabit Ethernet Switch

Edge Router
STM-1 Link (M40e/M20)

Gigabit Ethernet

E3 Link
Complexity of Customers Network with
Point to Point Leased Lines

Ahmedabad Lucknow

Mumba
i
Pune Delhi

Leased lines from BSNL

Bangalore Kolkotta

Ernakulam Chennai
Hyderabad

Links
How it looks – in the MPLS environment

Ahmedab
ad
Lucknow

Mumba
i
Delhi
Pune

BSNLs MPLS VPN Network


Bangalore
Kolkotta

Ernakulam Chennai

Hyderabad
Route
r
Links
Why MPLS based VPNs?
Security is the responsibility of BSNL MPLS
Network.
• ( Company will be responsible for the Security of
the Information and network in a Point to Point
leased lines.)
 Simple Network Implementation
 Easy to configure & Manage.
 QoS, CoS and better Traffic Engineering.
 Easy Network Expansion at Customer
Premises.
 Easy Introduction of New Services
( Multicasting, VoIP, Hosting over the same link )
Why MPLS based VPNs ?

Mobile workers can dial up on a secure


network to access company information.
Flexible reconfiguration
(Instantaneous Addition and
Deletion possible).
With Growing Internet Based
Applications MPLS VPN becomes a
necessity.
High Cost & Complexity
Small Offices – Minimum Links. As the sites
increases – the number of links increases
and thereby the Cost and Complexity of
Network.
No. of No. of Cost Cost/Site
Sites Links s
2 1 1.2 0.6 L
3 3 Lakhs
3.6 1.2 L
4 6 Lakhs
7.2 1.8 L
5 10 Lakhs
12 Lakhs 2.4 L
6 15 22.5 3.75 L
Lakhs
How MPLS VPN is
Cost-Effective ?
No. of No. of Cost Cost /
Sites Links Sites
2 2 1.44 L 0.77 L
3 3 2.31 L 0.77 L
4 4 3.08 L 0.77 L
5 5 3.85 L 0.77 L
6 6 4.62 L 0.77 L
7 7 5.39 L 0.77 L
Comparative Chart
No. of No. of Cost Cost Cost Cost
Sites Links on on per per
Lease MPLS site site
d Line on on
2 2 1.36 1.44 L Lease
0.6 L MPLS
0.77 L
L d
3 3 2.04 L 2.31 L 1.2 L 0.77 L
4 4 2.72 L 3.08 L 1.8 L 0.77 L
5 5 3.40 L 3.85 L 2.4 L 0.77 L
6 6 4.08 L 4.62 L 3.75 L 0.77 L
How Cost Effective is
MPLS VPN???
Just for 10 sites the cost factor is 1/8th of Leased Lines. It improves as
the number of sites increases.
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Point to Point MPLS VPN


Tariff Chart (port charges)

Class Bandwid 64K 128K 1Mbps 2Mbps


of th
Servic
Gold 99 % 0.77 1.38L 5.84L 12.32L
e L
Silver 50% 0.58 1.04L 4.38L 9.24L
L
Best 25% 0.38 0.69L 2.92L 6.16L
effort L
Tariff of MPLS VPN
Sl. NO. Bandwidth Tariff per
annum (Rs.)
1 64 Kbps 0.77 Lakhs
2 128 kbps 1.38 Lakhs
3 256 Kbps 1.79 Lakhs
4 512 Kbps 3.69 Lakhs
No Usage Charges.
Discounts of 10% on Multiple Ports at Same
City.
Inter-VPN group communication not
permitted.
Cost comparison with
other services (Leased
circuits)
Though it is not a parallel to MPLS VPN solutions……

The cost of Connecting 9 branch offices to


1 head office at Mumbai will cost Rs.
10.33 Lakhs for 9 links and will increase
proportionately till 1 Crore for node to
node connectivity.
The Cost of Implementing the same with
MPLS Solution will be Rs. 7.3 Lakhs.
Advantage: huge cost savings and
additional advantages of
security,reliability,scalability,flexibilit
y and a technology which can support
all IP services.
APPLICATIONS OF MPLS
VPN
Flexible Bandwidth
Initial Rapid Upgrade
Provisioning 50% of
Enabling Features 30% of Available
Available Bandwidth
Rate limiting Bandwidth

Services Provider Benefits


Granular, flexible tariffs
Lower provisioning cost
Faster provisioning
Rapid response
Enterprise Customer Benefits
Short lead time to respond to needs
Pay only for bandwidth that is needed
Potential for self-provisioning
Enhancement
Routing Protocol Graceful
Restart
Edge

Routing Protocol Enhancement


Core Maintain forwarding under duress
Restart neighbor comm. gracefully
BGP, IS-IS, OSPF, RIP, Static

Provider Class Delivers Simplicity


draft-ietf-idr-restart-01.txt
draft-shand-isis-restart-01.txt
draft-ietf-ospf-hitless-restart-00.txt
Multi-megabit Services

Key Technology  Up to 128 bundles


 Up to 8 T1 or E1 per bundle
Multilink Services PIC  Bond any-to-any link in a
chassis
Services Provider Benefits
Rapid response
Faster provisioning
Promote loyalty
Leverage T1/E1 ubiquity

Enterprise Customer Multilink Services


PIC provides up to
Benefits 450-Mbps
aggregate
Scale up gracefully throughput

Pay only for needed bandwidth


Faster response time from SP
Private IP Services
Layer 2 VPNs
Edge Value Proposition
IP Convergence
Site B
Scalable MPLS-based VPNs

Core

Site A
Site C

Enterprise Benefits
Provider Benefits Maintain own routers
Flexibility – Kompella or Martini Multiprotocol support
ATM, Frame Relay, and Ethernet support Affordable mesh of VCs
Improved provisioning
Optimize network investment
Priority Services
Value Proposition Dedicated 25%
Dedicated 40% to E-Commerce
Guaranteed bandwidth to VoIP
Dedicated 15%
Enabling Features to Internet

High performance
Packet classification
Filter-based forwarding
Packet sampling, counting
Services Provider Benefits
20% to Burst Capacity
Generate greater revenue from
existing customers
Potential for new services Class of Service

Enterprise Customer Benefits


Support mission critical
applications
Filter-based Forwarding
Site 3
Content Internet
How it Works Filtering
Server
ASP1

Filter-based forwarding Other


Internet
to next hop Http Bound Traffic
Traffic
Combine with
Port FBF
destination class usage
for accounting
Services Provider Benefits
FBF SRC
SRC
Offer new services such
as Content Filtering
Service selection WWW ASP1 ASP2
Wholesale applications Site
1
Class-based Forwarding
Site 3

How it Works
Map IP precedence to Best Effort
a queue LSP

Map queue to a next hop


CBF
Next hop is either an IP
address or interface
Load balancing works if TE LSP
multiple next hops
Services Provider
Benefits
Extra revenue stream
Site 4
Customer Benefits Site
1

Support time-sensitive
applications
MPLS – for all

MPLS features provides flexibility


to solve many problems on various
platforms and levels.
Security, Reliability, QoS,
Scalability, Traffic Engineering
enables MPLS to be applied
everywhere – not directly as a
substitution but as a TOTAL
SOLUTION…
Innumerable Benefits from
MPLS VPN
Redundancy in the routing
Non Blocking Data Flow
Guaranteed Network Stability (irrespective of
the Network Link failures)
Pay less and Use More. (as and when the
links increases, the benefit is multiplied)
Network Strength is passed on to customer
continuously.
Relief to the customer
( Network Management)
Single Window Access for
Provisioning and Removal of Sites.
Identify the fault before it can
extrapolate.
Localization of fault and
rectification is simpler.
Better Maintenance & Analysis of
Circuit Performance.
BSNL – Committed to its
CUSTOMERS
a Total Solutions provider
For Networking Equipments we are
holding discussions with CISCO,
NORTEL, Banyan etc.
For Access Equipments with MRO TEK,
ASCOM, Teldata etc.
For International Connectivity with M/s.
AT & T.
We want to reach the customer with the
solution and with a “TO DO” list…
We understand the feelings of OUR
customer.
BANKS & Financial
Institutions Requirements
supported in MPLS VPN
Security, Higher Reliability, Lower
Latency and Consistent
Performance.
Supports Bandwidth on Demand for
Time critical Applications(especially
during the Year ending etc..)
In view of the large number of sites
to be connected MPLS VPN
becomes very cost effective way of
building a reliable network.
Substantial savings in operational
Hosptials

Telemedicine.
Polyclinic applications.
Health check up camps.
Online consultations.
Remote surgical monitoring.
Software Companies

MPLS VPN provides highly Reliable


and secure network for
Data transport.
Redundancy of data warehousing.
Remote office operations.
Online development and testing of
software packages.
Etc.
Airlines,Railways,Road
transport,Hotels,Tourism
and related industries.
MPLS VPN provides secure and
reliable network for
Online bookings and confirmations.
Electronic payment.
On line status information.
Other interactive services.
Educational Institutions

To interconnect campus LANs with other


LANs and Digital libraries.
Bandwidth on demand applications for
Virtual class rooms, Seminars and
conferences.
Secure and redundant connectivity
between R&D Laboratories and
computation facilities at different
locations.
Corporates/ Govt.
MPLS VPN provides
Connectivity between office LANs within
city and in other cities.
Bandwidth on demand applications like
video conferencing etc.,
Remote secure access for mobile
workers.
Working from home.
Connecting Information Kiosks for on
line information and e-payments by
public.
FAQs what are the benefits to the IP
based customers ?
Traffic Engineering: the ability to set the
path traffic will take through the
network, and the ability to set
performance characteristics for a class
of traffic.
VPNs – Using MPLS, service Providers
can create IP tunnels throughout their
network without the need for encryption
or end user application.
Layer 2 Transport: New standards
being defined which will allow to carry
Layer 2 service including Ethernet, FR,
ATM etc.
Leading Applications for
Site-to-Site VPNs
Cost-effective way to increase remote site
bandwidth using DSL or cable.
Extend connectivity to smaller offices.
Replace high cost frame relay or private
line links – international and long-haul.
Increase security for frame relay or private
lines.
Backup network for frame relay.
Service provider managed CPE services.
Service provider network-based VPN
services.
FAQs How is QoS controlled in a Network based
VPN ? As providers towards MPLS, where will this
leave the Network Based VPN Routers ?
Bandwidth Management and Traffic
shaping services can be offered in
Network Based VPNs.
In future, MPLS Tags can be applied at
the edge of the Network Based VPN &
QoS parameters can be configured for
the VPN.
The virtual router in the IP services
platform will play the role of an MPLS
enabled access router.
FAQs Can I view multicast content
through our VPN?

             

                   Yes MPLS VPN supports 
multicast
For Any details Contact
Shri Shailendra Agarwal
GM(Marketing & Customer Care)
Data Networks, New Delhi
Shailendra@bsnl.in
or
Shri D.M.Ezhil buddhan
DGM DataNetworks Bangalore.
dnwsw@sancharnet.in