Hitler, Conqueror of Europe

A timeline

Birth
Adolf Hitler was born on April 20th 1889 in Braunau-am-Inn, Austria to Klara and Alois Hitler. They had had two children previously, but both died.

Hitler in WWI
At the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 Hitler volunteered for service in the German army and was accepted into the 16th Bavarian Reserve Infantry Regiment. He fought bravely in the war and was promoted to corporal and decorated with both the Iron Cross Second Class and First Class.

Hitler becomes Nazi leader
In July of 1921, After much fundraising through making speeches, Hitler had gained virtual control over The Nazi Party and was accepted as Its formal leader with dictatorial powers.

Hitler Arrested
After an attempt to overthrow the local Bavarian Government in 1923, Hitler was sentenced to five years in Landsberg prison, where he wrote the book Mein Kampf, or "My Struggle".

Hitler becomes Chancellor
On January 30th, 1933 President Hindenburg decided to appoint Hitler Chancellor in a coalition government with another ViceChancellor. In an attempt to gain more power, the Nazi party burned down the Reichstag on February 27, 1933. They used this as an excuse to arrest several other parties and eliminate competition.

The Night of The Long Knives
On June 30th 1934, Hitler ordered the arrest and execution of the leaders of the SA (the private Nazi army), as well as several other people whom he did not like, including the former chancellor.

Hitler becomes the head of state
The German president died on August 2nd 1934, and Hitler was made "Fuehrer and Reich Chancellor" and the title of President was then abolished. This put Hitler firmly in the top spot.

Hitler persecutes Jews
In September 1935 Hitler passed the Nuremberg Laws. They stated that Jews were no longer considered to be German citizens and therefore no longer had any legal rights. Jews were no longer allowed to hold public office, not allowed to work in the civil-service, the media, farming, teaching, the stock exchange and eventually barred from practising law or medicine.

Hitler Violates First Treaty
On March 7th 1936 a small force of German troops marched across the Rhine bridges into the demilitarized areas of Germany towards Aachen, Trier and Saarbruecken. Despite the violation of a treaty signed with the French in 1925, neither they or the British reacted.

Hitler forms an ally
In October 1936 the Italian dictator, Mussolini, formed an alliance with Hitler that included an agreement on foreign policy. This meant much less security for countries like Austria who, feeling threatened, began attempting to get along with Hitler.

Hitler Invades Austria
On March 12, 1938 German troops cross the border and occupy Austria. However, England still does not react.

The Munich Conference
On September 29, 1938, Great Britain and France agree to grant Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia, to Germany in an attempt not to get involved in the war themselves.

Czech Crises
On March 15, 1939 German troops enter Prague, Czechoslovakia, absorbing the provinces of Bohemia and Moravia into Germany.

Hitler finds another ally
On August 23, 1939 A nonaggression pact is signed between Germany and the Soviet Union, paving the way for the invasion of Poland and the start of the Second World War.

Poland Invaded
On September 1, 1939 German troops invade Poland, in direct violation of the Munich Agreement

War Begins
Two days later, on September 3, 1939, Britain and France declare war on Germany because of the violation of the Munich Agreement, and the invasion of Poland.

Invasion of Western Europe
On May 10, 1940 German troops invade western Europe.

France surrenders
On June 22, 1940 France signs an armistice with Germany, surrendering to be ruled by Hitler.

Yugoslavia Invaded On April 6, 1941 Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.

Hitler begins Invasion of Russia
On June 22, 1941 Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union, begins.

Russia Fights Back On November 19, 1942 The Soviet army launches a huge counter-offensive at Stalingrad.

D-Day
June 6, 1944 was "D-Day." The allied forces opened a second front with landings at Normandy. This was the beginning of the end for Hitler and the German forces.

Hitler Assassination fails
On July 20, 1944 A bomb plot to assassinate Hitler failed.

Hitler Kills Himself
On April 30, 1945 Hitler commits suicide by shooting himself.

Germany Surrenders On May 8, 1945 Germany surrenders.

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