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AXE10 - Overview

M/s Ericsson Telecom , Sweden BHCA busy hour call attempts capacity 8,00,000 CCS-7 & ISDN support 26,000 Erlang Blocking factor 10 power -6 ie one call in 10,00,000 may fail due to blocking in group switch. Hardware redundancy duplicated hardware built in check functions automatic block and switch over

Salient features- Design

SPC stored programme control PCM principles TST time space time principle. Duplicated CP central processor RPs regional processors Functional modularity smoother, quicker hardware extension, system upgradation is easier, new functions easily incorporated Highest degree of backward compatibility One system for all applications local, transit, Mobile switching centre, hybrid

Functional hierarchy
AXE-10 APT telephoney part of AXE subscriber module, group switch, etc APZ control part of AXE CPs, RPs, Data stores, program stores, reference stores and IOG

AXE Subsystems in APT

Both software and hardware SSS subscriber switching subsystem GSS group switching subsystem TSS trunk and signalling subsystem CCS- common channelling subsystem OMS operation and maintenance subsystem Only software SUS subscriber services subsystem CHS charging subsystem TCS traffic control subsystem

AXE Subsystems in APZ

CPS central processor subsystem RPS Regional processor subsystem IOG input output group - FMS File management subsystem - MCS Man machine communication - SPS Support processor subsystem - DCS Data communication subsystem

Functional blocks
Each subsystem will have functional blocks. Eg BT both way trunk is a functional block in TSS . Software in RP is BTR, Software in CP is BTU. Interworking between function blocks is only through CP Data of a function block is accessed by its own program only.

SSS subscriber switching subsystem

Functions BORSHCT function Battery feed- (-48V DC) Overvoltage protection Ringing current Subscriber line signalling Hybrid 2 wire to 4 wire conversion Concentration/expansion Testing of subscriber lines

SSS functions
Analogue to digital / D to A conversion Switching Scanning for off/on hook Digit / tones receiving Control tones

CJ - combines junctor a coordinating function block coordinated all functions in the SSS subsystem only software

SSS functions
Switching within SSS
A/D Internal PCM Lines (pmt access for every subs E M T S Extl PCM G S S


Switching ( time slot change) Calls within same EMG switched without using GSS

SSS concentration/expansion
EMG = 2048 subscribers PCM lines 32 pcms 2048:1000 = 2:1 8 pcms 2048: 256 = 8:1 Max 32 pcms, min 2 pcms PCMs between SSS and GSS are called system lines

Subsciber line signalling

On/off hook scanning Dial pulses Tones Control tones Ringing signals


Local subscriber switches MSU LSS normally called Local EMG Extension module group Remote subscriber switches RSU RSS normally called Remote EMG MSU and RSU can be differentiated by some hardware units

SSS - Hardware
EMG Extension module group - LSM A (Line switch magazine analogue) - LSM BA ( ISDN BRA) - LSM PRA ( ISDN PRA) SEPRM special equipment for private meters SULTACCS subs line testing and feeding howler tone one for every 4 LSS RPBC pair interfacing between LSS andCPs IOSULT in RSU only testing of subs lines, howler tone, V.24 I/O for man-machine communication

SSS - hardware
1 EMG = 2048 customers 1 LSM A = 128 subscribers

RSU to GSS = max 32 pcms, each pcm chl-0 for synch and chl-16 for signalling MSU to GSS = 32 pcms always synch and signalling separate bus

SSS Hardware units

POU power unit REU ringing current eqpt unit ie ring generator ( 1 per EMG) EMTS Extension module time switch KRC keyset receiver circuit LIB line interface board LIBA, LIPA SLCT subs line and circuit tester ETB/JTC exch terminal board (RSU) /junctor terminal circuit (MSU)

SSS Hardware
Hardware LIB Function Detection of on/off hook, Ring trip Digit reception pulse, A/D conversion KRC EMTS REU ETB/JTC Power feed, Ringing relay Digit reception tone Control tone generator, switching Ringing signal generator Concentration/expansion

SSS important points

No traffice balancing is requirred ie any subs to any LIB Call meter associated with subs telephone number Each EMG need not have dedicated PCM with GS Each EMG need not have a KRC board common pool all subs .

GSS group switch subsystem

Both software and hardware Functional blocks GS group switch Time switch module and space module. Performs path selection and release of the established connections. GSM1 and GSM2 group switch operation and maintenance function CCD conference call device upto 32 participants CLT clock generation and timing 3 clock modules, supplies clock pulses to TSMs and SPMs NS Network synchronisation with other digital exchanges. Routine tests SNEFI, SNEFD, SNETR, SNEAL

GSS contd.
GSS is a central part of the system Almost all calls and signalling systems use GSS to connect hardware to various channels. Other subsystems that interwork with GSS For traffic handling TCS, TSS, SSS For O & M OMS call set up and release of test calls Others SUS subscriber services

GSS - Hardware
ETC exchange terminal circuits CCD conference call devices PCD pulse code devices for analogue devices SNT SNTP switching network terminal point 128 TSMs with 4x4 SPMs 65536 cross point This is called 64K Group switch

CLM clock module - Three clocks CLM0, CLM1 and CLM2 one is master VCXO voltage control crystal oscillator. TSM uses two clock rates 4096 MHz for internal speed of the switch, 8kHz for synchronisation of the switch.

TSS Trunk & signalling subsystem

Both hardware and software Functions To handle trunk lines handle signalling to & from other exchanges Supervising the digital lines DIP Synchronisation DIP digital path E1 terminations in ETC cards

Functional blocks
BT bothway trunk responsible for the traffic handling functions of the trunk lines BTM Both way trunk maintenance responsible for O & M functions related to trunk lines CSR code sender/received functions for signalling ET handles ETC and synch of DIPs owns and supervises the exchangess ETCs. DIPST Dip supervision & test handles errors detected on the DIP. Alarms are generated if limit values set by command are exceeded. C7BTC C7 BT coordination C7CMNT C7 circuit maintenance

TSS - Hardware
ETC exchange terminal circuit EI CSR code sender receiver ---------------------------------------R route Routing analysis sending program 3 digits 1 digit when to seize an outgoing device 2 digit when to send seiqure signal to other exchange 3 digit which digit to send as the first digit to the next exchange Eg. SP = 664

TSS - signalling
CSR code sender / receiver CIU CSR interface unit CTU CSR tone sending unit CCC CSR control unit

CCS common channel signalling subsystem

Software and Hardware Functions Implements C7 signalling in AXE-10 Delivers signalling packages between two signalling points Error detection/correction order of the signals. MTP message transfer part in implemented in CCS. Note: User part is implemented in TSS

Functional blocks in CCS

C7ST2 signalling terminals terminations. C7DR2 discrimination, distribution and routing. This block reads the destination information in the signalling units and routes it to the correct user or reroute C7DP2 destination point mangement this block administers the destination points in the network C7LS2 link set management handles link sets C7SL2 signalling link management handles signalling links

CCS - Hardware
ST signalling terminals PCDD pulse coding device , digital rate adaption ie 64 kpbs that come from the signalling terminals are put together into one 2 Mbps pcm line.

C7 important points
MTP is the transport service of C7 Different user parts utilize the services offered by the message transfer part The telephone user part TUP for plain old telephony service POTS Signalling points and signalling transfer points are components in the signalling network A signalling link is a 64 Kbit link with one signalling terminal ST at each end.

TCS Traffic control subsystem

Only software TCS occupies a central position in the AXE TCSs tasks include controlling the set-up and clearing phases Stores subscriber data, circuit data






TCS Function blocks

RE register function this block stores the incoming digits and handles the set-up of calls CL call supervision this block supervises calls in progress and clears them. DA digit analysis this block contains tables for digit analysis RA Route analysis this block contains tables for selecting outgoing routes SC subscriber categories this block stores subscriber categories for all subscribers connected to the exchange

TCS Function blocks

TOM Trunk offering management this block takes over the functions of RE or CL when a busy subscriber is to be supervised by an operator COF Coordination of flash services this block takes over the functions of CL when more than two subscribers are to take part in one and the same speech connection

SUS subscriber services subsystem

Only software Provides subscriber services like call transfer, call waiting, dynamic STD barring, etc. Some important parameters LIC line interface circuit Hundred groups level of exchange SULII subs line interface initiate SULIE subs line interface end SUSCP subs category print SUSCC subs category adding/changing/deleting a category SCL parameter for subs category Eg. Scl = HLI -1 hotline

SUS subscriber services subsystem

PABX PABX and PABX with indialling Hunting facility HNB=1 rotary hunting, HNB=0 sequential hunting Abbreviated dialing ADI-1 operator controlled, ADI-2 subs controlled STD barring CBA-1, provisioning CBA-0. Subs controlled barring CCB-2 & KWC-1 DNP TBO-2 & BIC-1

Outgoing only BIC-1 Incoming only BOC-1 Call forwarding Unconditional CFUV-1 Busy CFBV-1 No Reply CFNRV-1 Call waiting CAW-1 & FLA-2 Printing of call meter value CHSIP Testing of LICs SLOCI:DEV = LI-xx&&yy; 4 numbers

CHS Charging subsystem

Software only Charging functions
1. Charging method 2. Charging analysis

CHS has external and internal interfaces External CHS-TCS information regarding subscriber services, normal calls and accounting

CHS Charging subsystem

CHS-SSS special equiment like SEPRM CHS-TSS incoming and outgoing calls charging CHS CP reading system information like date, time, day, etc

CHS charging method

Pulse metering PM Pure Karlsson method ( no start pulse) Modified Karlsson method Individual periodic method Pre-emptive metering method ( start pulse) Toll ticketing TT Ttfilexx CDR

CHS charging analysis

End of selection Charging case Type of A-subscriber Call tye

Yet to cover
Call handling APZ subsystems System maintenance philosophy