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ADVERBS

I N T H E PA RT S O F S P E E C H A DV E R B P L AY S A N I M P O RTA N T RO L E . L E T U S S E E W H AT I S I T S RO L E .

ADVERB:BA S I C A L LY, M O S T A DV E R B S T E L L YO U H OW, W H E R E O R W H E N S O M E T H I N G I S D O N E . I N O T H E R WO R D S, T H E Y D E S C R I B E T H E M A N N E R , P L AC E O R T I M E O F A N AC T I O N .

COMMONLY ADVERBS ARE FORMED F R O M A D J E C T I V E S . S O M E A R E B E L O W.

Adjectives Kind Happy Wonderful Loud Sad Beautiful Sweet

Adverbs Kindly Happily Wonderfully Loudly Sadly Beautifully Sweetly

Many adverbs end with ly . You make these adverbs by adding ly to adjectives.

Note:
Some words that end in ly are not adverbs. Some adjectives end in ly too. For Example:1.Sam was feeling very lonely. 2.She was wearing a lovely dress. 3.It was a very lively party

KINDS OF ADVERBS
Manner Place Time Frequency

It describes in which manner an action is done. It describes where an action is done.

It describes when an action is done.


It shows how many times an action is done. It describes the purpose or reason

Purpose/Reason

for the action.

Kinds of Adverbs
Quantity/Degree Affirmation /Negation It shows how much or in what degree or to what extent. Which says yes if it is yes and no if it is no

Adverbs of Place:
Some adverbs and adverb phrases answer the question where?. They are called adverbs of place.

Examples : The boys are playing upstairs. The dog is in the garden. Were going to New York City on our school trip. Its very sunny but cold outside.

Adverb of places 1.Ive lived here for about two years. 2.English and German are closely related. 3.Is mark still in bed 4.His children go everywhere with him.

Adverbs of Manner:

Some adverbs and adverb phrases describe the way people do things.
Examples: The girls answered all the questions correctly. He was driving carelessly. The plane landed safely. Ramu plays guitar skillfully.

Adverb of manner 1. They watched Carefully. 2. The flower was beautifully made up 3. She seemed faintly.

4. The team played wonderfully.

Adverbs of Frequency
Some adverbs and adverb phrases answer the question how often an action is done They are called adverbs of frequency.

Examples :
The children always go to school on the bus. Ill never make that mistake again . I clean my bedroom every day. Dad polishes his shoes twice a week.

Adverbs of Time:
Some adverbs and adverb phrases answer the question when?. They are called adverbs of time. Examples : The train has already left. We moved into our new house last week. Our favorite T.V. program starts at 6o clock. Im going to my new school tomorrow.

Adverbs Of Time
We shall now begin to work. He called here a few minutes ago. I have spoken to him yesterday. He comes here daily. Mr. Guptha formerly lived here.

ADVERBS OF QUANTITY OR DEGREE


It shows how much, or in what degree or to what extent. He was too careless.

The sea is very stormy.


I am rather busy. I am fully prepared. These mangos are almost ripe.

ADVERBS OF REASON
The adverb which tells about a reason is called adverb of reason. He is hence unable to refute the charge. He therefore left school.

A DV E R B S O F A F F I R M AT I O N A N D N E G AT I O N : W H I C H S AY S Y E S I F I T I S Y E S A N D N O I F IT IS NO

EXAMPLES: 1 . I D O N T K N OW. 2 . S U R E LY YO U A R E M I S TA K E N. 3 . H E C E RTA I N LY W E N T.

E X A M P L E S O F A DV E R B S : 1 . S H E S I N G S S W E E T LY. 2 . H E S P E A K S QU I T E C L E A R LY. 3 . S H E S H O U T S L O U D LY. 4 . S H E S M I L E D C H E E R F U L LY. 5 . T H E T R A F F I C WA S M OV I N G S L OW LY. 6 . S H E W R I T E S N E AT LY. 7 . W E WA I T E D PAT I E N T LY T O S E E T H E DOCTOR.

Some examples of adverbs of different kinds:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Tortoise walks slowly (Manner). We will have our Semester exams on April 1st week(Time). The accident happened near the Highway(Place). At least twice a week I used to go for Temple(Frequency). We all go for a picnic just for enjoyment(Purpose). The sea is very stormy(Degree /Quantity). Surely you are mistaken(Affirmation/Negation).

1. James is careful. He drives_________ 2. The girl is slow. She walks_________ 3. Her English is perfect. She speaks English_________ 4. Our teacher is angry. She shouts_________ 5. My neighbor is a loud speaker. He speaks_________ 6. He is a bad writer. He writes_________ 7. Jane is a nice guitar player. He plays the guitar_________ 8. He is a good painter. He paints_________ 9. She is a quiet girl. She does her job_________ 10. This exercise is easy. You can do it_________

11. Talk (softly, soft) or don't talk at all. The music played (softly, soft). 12. Andrea knows the material very (good, well). She always treats us (good, well). 13. You must send payments (regular, regularly). We deal on a (strictly, strict) cash basis. 14. The mechanic's tools were (well, good). The foreman said that his work was (good, well) done. 15. She worked (careful, carefully) with the sick child. She was a very (careful, carefully) worker.

16. He did not pass the course as (easy, easily) as he thought he would. 17. I find this novel very (interesting, interestingly). It was (interesting, interestingly) written. 18. It was a (dangerously, dangerous) lake to swim in. The man was (dangerous, dangerously) drunk. The gas smelled (dangerously, dangerous). 19. She performed (magnificent, magnificently). It was a (magnificent, magnificently) beautiful performance. 20. Her voice sounds (beautifully, beautiful). She sang the song (exact, exactly) as it was written. We heard it (perfectly, perfect).

Carefully
Slowly Perfectly Angrily Loudly Badly Nicely Well Quietly easily