ROPE

What is Rope?
 It is basic in camp making, water raft, rescue operation and evacuation of casualties in situations created by disasters.  Cordage= up to 20 feet long below circumstances.  Life line or Liner + 20 feet long above circumstance  Rope = 100 feet long above circumstance is call Rope.

Types of Rope

 Natural fiber rope (Italian, Manila, Jute)  Artificial fiber rope (Nylon, Plastic)

Rope terminology
 The following are rope terminology  Standing part :That part of rope taking the load.  Running Part : Free end of rope.  Anchored : Fastened to some immovable object.

Rope terminology
 Whipping : Process of tying end of rope to prevent stands from unraveling.  Bight in rope: Formed by bending rope, keeping sides parallel.  Round turn : Formed by looping running part of rope over and object or standing part.

Rope terminology

Whipping

Use of Rope  Rope is essential for rescue work.  The rescuer must familiarize him with the type of ropes and knots.

Importance of Rope
 Rope is one of the most important of a rescue unit.  Rescue squads will use both steel wire and manila ropes, and the efficiency with which rope can be used will depend to a great extent on proper care and maintenance.  Ropes will be used to erect derricks and jibs.  Lift materials and equipment.  Rescue injured persons.  To join equipment such as ladders, lower stretchers, and for life lines.  Rope used as safety factors.

Care of Rope
Since the ropes are lifelines during Emergencies, proper care should be taken for its maintenance and durability.  Fiber ropes should be kept as dry as possible.  Hard and stiff rope gives trouble some times, twists should be removed by stretching a rope throughout its length before use.

Care of Rope
 Ropes should be hung on the poles or bamboos.  Permanent knots in a rope should be avoided as it reduces the strength of the rope.  Ropes should not be bought in contact with any chemicals or strong alkali.

Care of Rope
 Dragging the rope along ground should be avoided.  The rope and should always be properly whipped.  Examine the rope for fraying, resistance and break each time before use.

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