Prepared by: Sir Kris

• branch of the visual arts in which color is applied (derived from any of numerous organic or synthetic substances) • is applied to various grounds (surface may be flat canvas or wood, or even the wall) • Two-dimensional • It has height as well as width • Aim is to create a representational or abstract picture or design • techniques employed in drawing are also used

Painting Composition
• • • • • • Oil Water Color Tempera Fresco Acrylic Chalk/ Pastel

spray. • Rich effects can be obtained with color and chiaroscuro .Oil Painting • pigment is suspended in slow-drying oil • Oil paint dries relatively slowly with little change in color • The painter is not limited to linear brushstrokes but may apply paint in glazes. trickles. or impasto (thick application of pigment). washes. blobs.

Oil Painting Sample: The Judgment of Paris (Peter Paul Rubens) .

Oil Painting Sample: The Night Watch (Rembrandt Van Rijn) .

creating an effect distinct from the thick texture of oil painting and other more dense media .Watercolor • Watercolor. in art. a type of painting that employs colored pigments dissolved in water • The distinguishing characteristic of watercolor painting is its transparency • The surface of the paper is visible through the thin watercolor pigments.

A Lake Bordered by Pine Trees Albrecht Dürer .

Turner .J. W.The Burning of the Houses of Parliament. M.

The Reaper Winslow Homer .

gum.Tempera • method of painting in which the pigment is carried in an egg. and of the Mycenaean period in Greece . the wall paintings of ancient Egypt and Babylonia. or glycerine solution in water. • The process of painting in tempera is the oldest method of painting known. casein.

Ancient Egyptian Tempera .

Lives of Jesus and Mary Giotto .

Saint Francis Cycle Giotto .

• The term is also applied to the painting executed in this manner. of painting with watercolors on plaster. .Fresco • method. while the plaster is still wet. or fresh. or art.

School of Athens-Raphael .

Bonampak Cycle-Maya .

Sistine Chapel’s Ceiling-Michelangelo .

.Acrylic • Acrylic paints—emulsions of pigments. and clear. non-yellowing acrylic resins— dry quickly without changing color and do not darken with time. water.

Painting Types • Mural • Collage • Mosaic .

executed in any of several techniques. giving the illusion of different spatial dimensions. • Closely allied to architectural and decorative schemes. or patriotic themes significant to the public. mural art often emphasizes or enhances interior design. historic. .Mural Painting • decoration of walls or ceilings for aesthetic or didactic purposes. or can transform it. mural paintings tend to be of large scale and to portray religious. • Most often used to decorate public buildings.

Last Supper-Da Vinci .

Collage • a picture made entirely or in part of photographs. fabric. and other so-called found objects and materials. newspaper clippings. which are pasted or glued to the picture surface .

Collage .

Collage .

• Although mosaic decoration is most frequently found on floors and wall and ceiling surfaces. or other materials. stone. panels. and other objects. composed of variously colored small pieces of glass. .Mosaic • Mosaics. closely set colored components. may also be applied to sculptures. works of art of surface decorations. or tesserae. ceramics.

Mosaic .

Mosaic .

Painting Idioms • • • • • • • Allegory Still Life Figure Illustration Landscape Portrait Veduta .

and more important than. the literal meaning • Allegory has also been defined as an extended metaphor .allegory • artistic expression that conveys a symbolic meaning parallel to but distinct from.

• characters or events in a literary. visual. or musical art form represent or symbolize ideas and concepts .

The Ghost of Vermeer of Delft which Can be Used as a Table (S. Dali) .

Clio by Pierre Mignard .

Grammar (Fabriano) .

Allegory of Victory (Louis Le Nain) .

coins. plants. dead animals. or shells) or man-made (drinking glasses. rocks. vases. flowers. typically commonplace objects which may be either natural (food. and so on). jewelry.Still Life • A still life (plural still lifes) is a work of art depicting mostly inanimate subject matter. . books. pipes.

1693) Dutch artist. The J. Paul Getty Museum. oil on canvas.Willem Kalf (1619 . .

Lubin Baugin (c. 1610-1663), Le Dessert de gaufrettes (c. 1631), Musée du Louvre,Paris

Cornelis Norbertus Gysbrechts (ca. 1660-1683), Trompe l'oeil (c. 1680), Los Angeles County Museum of Art

Spanish Garlic Still Life Black And White (Mark Hailey)

Figure Painting • A figure painting is a work of fine art in any of the painting media with the primary subject being the human figure. whether clothed or nude .

The Golden Apple Discord (Jacob Jordaens) .

Adam and Eve (Albrecht Durer) .

Venus and the Loot Player (Titian) .

Reclining Nymph (Lucas Cranach) .

or other kind of image of things seen. photograph. using a graphical representation. such as a drawing. remembered or imagined.Illustration Painting • An illustration is a visualization or a depiction made by an artist. painting. sketch. .

Anonymous .

Illustration by Lain Mac Arthur .

Follow the Color-Illustration (Fernando Chamarelli) .

By Karol Bak .

natural scenery such as mountains. and especially art where the main subject is a wide view.Landscape Painting • is the depiction in art of landscapes. rivers. with its elements arranged into a coherent composition • In other works landscape backgrounds for figures can still form an important part of the work . and forests. trees. valleys.

Landscape Painting • Sky is almost always included in the view. going back well over a thousand years in both cases • Sub-type: Veduta . and weather is often an element of the composition • The two main traditions spring from Western painting and Chinese art.

View of Laerdalsoren. on the Sognefjord .Themistokles von Eckenbrecher (1842– 1921).

16 in) .73 × 140. one of a pair of folding screens. Pine Trees.Hasegawa Tōhaku. 156.8 × 356 cm (61. 1593.

Strolling About in Spring. a very early Chinese landscape.Zhan Ziqian. c. 600 .

15151524.Joachim Patinir (1480-1524). Landscape with Charon Crossing the Styx. oil on wood .

1747 .The River Thames from Richmond House: a classic veduta by Canaletto.

Portrait Painting a genre in painting. where the intent is to depict the visual appearance of the subject the term is usually applied to the depiction of human subjects .

1500 . Self-Portrait.Albrecht Dürer.

Pierre-Auguste Renoir. On the Terrace. 1881 .

1503– 1505/1507 .Leonardo da Vinci. La Gioconda.

.Rembrandt group portrait. 1662. The Syndics of the Clothmaker's Guild.

Vincent van Gogh. 1887 . Self-portrait.

448 cm. 1962. 2. .. Marilyn Diptych.Andy Warhol. (809 in × 570 in).054 cm × 1.

Arrangement in Grey and Black: The Artist's Mother(1871) .James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

Holding Cards. Seated.Edgar Degas. Portrait of Miss Cassatt. 1876-1878 .

Portrait ofDaniel-Henry Kahnweiler.Pablo Picasso.1910 .

Portrait of Madame Matisse. The Green Stripe.Henri Matisse. 1905 .

Painting History: Pre-historic and Ancient • • • • • • Cave Egyptian Minoan Greek Roman Early Christian and Byzantine .

Cave Painting (Petroglyphs)
are paintings found on cave walls and ceilings, and especially refer to those of prehistoric origin.

In Cave of Altamira, near Santander, Spain.




. chosen to withstand strong sunlight without fading. or if rough. some finer limestones could take paint directly • Pigments were mostly mineral. and less prestigious works in tombs. temples and palaces were just painted on a flat surface • Stone surfaces were prepared by whitewash. with a smoother gesso layer above. a layer of coarse mud plaster.Ancient Egyptian Painting • All Egyptian reliefs were painted.

. • Instead the paint was applied to dried plaster. in what is called "fresco a secco" in Italian. painted into a thin layer of wet plaster. was not used. • It is clear that true fresco.Ancient Egyptian Painting • The binding medium used in painting remains unclear: egg tempera and various gums and resins have been suggested.

. although those on fully exposed walls rarely have. • Small objects including wooden statuettes were often painted using similar techniques.Ancient Egyptian Painting • After painting. a varnish or resin was usually applied as a protective coating. and many paintings with some exposure to the elements have survived remarkably well.

• The themes included journey through the afterworld or protective deities introducing the deceased to the gods of the underworld (such as Osiris). The paintings were often made with the intent of making a pleasant afterlife for the deceased. • Some tomb paintings show activities that the deceased were involved in when they were alive and wished to carry on doing for eternity.Ancient Egyptian Painting • Many ancient Egyptian paintings have survived due to Egypt's extremely dry climate. .

Ancient Egyptian Painting .

Ancient Egyptian Painting .

Ancient Egyptian Painting .

Ancient Egyptian Painting .

Ancient Egyptian Painting .

. frescoes. • Excavations of Minoan palaces have revealed the rich artistic tradition of these ancient people. the Minoans populated the island of Crete between the 27th and the 15th centuries B. the Early. stone carving and metalwork.E. Middle and Late Minoan.C.Minoan Painting • A thriving seafaring civilization. much of what is known of Minoan culture can be found in their ceramics. Categorized by 20th century archaeologist Arthur Evans into three distinct periods.

• Minoan painters utilized the wet type of fresco painting in which pigments were applied directly to wet plaster. . binding the pigments to the wall. rather than simply painted atop dry plaster.Minoan Painting • Other vivid examples of Ancient Greek Minoan art are the frescoes found on excavated palace walls.

iron ore and indigo. producing dynamic movement of the figures and landscapes. • Pigments used for fresco during this time included saffron. these frescoes were executed quickly with fluid brushstrokes and graceful curving lines. .Minoan Painting • Due to the fast drying time of plaster.






during which Athens (like all other Greek settlements) had yet to grow into a city . as they exhibit significant advances in techniques of realism (namely shading and perspective).Greek Painting-Dark Ages • Greek painting has survived mainly as pottery decoration. however. • The heart of Greek culture (including painting) was Athens. • The few surviving Greek murals are remarkable. this was true even in the Greek Dark Age.

1200 BC. ca. during which the Aegean region languished in deurbanized poverty.• Mycenaean civilization collapsed. wavy. which features concentric circles and patterns of straight. and zigzag lines. • Nonetheless. • Thus began the Greek Dark Age. . possibly due to civil strife. this period witnessed the development of the protogeometric style.

• The precision of the protogeometric style distinguishes it from earlier forms of geometric decoration. • The impact of protogeometric decoration is often emphasized by its sparseness . • This reflects technological innovations. namely the multi-headed brush(for painting parallel lines) and the compass (for painting circles).

Protogeometric Painted Jar .

they are rigidly stylized so as to blend in with the pure geometric element. orientalizing. • The geometric style elevated geometric decoration to new heights of complexity. (A meander is a pattern formed by a single continuous line. . and black-figure. see example.) • If human or animal figures are present. repeated shapes. such as checkers.Greek-Archaic • The Archaic period encompassed three phases of Greek jar painting: geometric. • A geometric style vessel features a variety of patterns. and meanders.

• 8 Few examples survive.Greek Archaic-Wall Painting • The Archaic age also witnessed the rise of Greek wall painting. discovered at a Greek settlement in southern Italy. which (during the Archaic period) featured a flat. . sharply outlined style. the finest collection may be that of the Tomb of the Diver.

Geometric Painted Jar .

Mural in the Tomb of the Diver .

g.Greek Painting-Orientalizing • The next phase of Greek painting is known as orientalizing. – The delicate protocorinthian style of Corinth. – The bold and lavish protoattic style of Athens. sphinxes). lions. on the other hand.g. features small figures and light geometric elements (e. wellsuited to large jars. making it perfect for smaller vessels . due to its adoption of images from eastern lands (e. rosettes). essentially takes the geometric style and adds large figures. • Orientalizing pottery decoration can be divided into two main styles.

Protoattic Painted Jar .

Proto-Corinthian Jar .

these scenes are usually framed with geometric elements. in which the silhouettes of figures are painted in solid black (typically on a vibrant orange background). details are then added by cutting lines into the silhouettes.Greek-Black Figure • The orientalizing period was succeeded by the blackfigure style. scenes that tell a story. • 6 Other colours of paint are sometimes used for accents. . The black-figure period marks the beginning of narrative scenes in Greek pottery decoration (i.e.

Black Figure Jar .

Etruscan Mural .

in which the black-figure technique was reversed: orange silhouettes were formed by painting around them in black. allowing interior details to be painted rather than incised. • It also allowed for gradients of colour. • This gave the artist much more control in drawing smooth curves or varying the thickness of lines when adding details.Classical/Hellenistic Age (ca. 500 BC-0) • The last major school of Greek pottery painting was red-figure. since the black paint could be diluted to acquire shades of brown .

Red-figure Jar .



Roman Painting .


Early Christian and Byzantium Painting .



Painting History: Classical to Romanticism • • • • • • Gothic Renaissance Mannerism Baroque Rococo Romantic .

Painting History: Realism to Expressionism • • • • • • • Realism Impressionism Pointillism Post-impressionism Symbolist Fauvism Expressionism .

Painting History: Cubism to American Gothic • • • • • Cubism Abstract Dada Surrealism American Gothic .

Painting History: Abstract Expressionism to Neo-Expressionism • • • • • Abstract Expressionism Op Art and Pop Art Neo-realism Minimalism Neo-expressionism .

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