ARIF REZA Environment Ecology Lab

2001) • P inputs from lake sediments has received much more attention than N because of– Complexity in nature of N transformations – P often limit the biomass and phytoplankton productivity • Significant component of the P budget in lakes and lake restoration.. al. . • Phosphorus (P) from lake sediments has been examined for decades. • More ecologically important process than external loading. (Gardner et.INTRODUCTION • Important source of nutrients to freshwater ecosystem.

1994). 1988. and include – the desorption and dissolution of P bound in precipitates and inorganic material (Mortimer. Jensen & Andersen. PO43-) are temperature. • Processes leading to P release to the water column from underlying sediments are numerous. • The environmental variables that appear to regulate the release rate of dissolved P from sediments (mostly as phosphate. 1988. 1941.. Moore & Reddy. Moore. Pettersson. and redox potential (Bostrom et al. 1992 . DO concentration. 1942. both external and internal. Reddy & Fisher. 1993) and – the diffusion of dissolved P from sediment pore waters (Bostrom et al. – microbial mineralisation of organic matter (Gachter & Meyer..INTRODUCTION • Critical to characterise sources of P. pH. 1998. to lakes and reservoirs. 1998).

aluminiumbound P. 1982. • At low redox potentials (<200 mV). Jansson & Forsberg. 1984.. leading to the release of PO43. • The total P concentration of sediments (TPs) and the relative concentration of various P fractions (i. 1988). after the onset of summer stratification.. .e. Bostram et al. Fe-bound P. biological activity in sediments and the hypolimnion decreases hypolimnetic DO concentration and pH.and Fe (II) (Bostrom et al. organic-bound P) in sediments also influence sedi-ment P release rates (Bostrom. Messer. 1988. Fe (III) in the sediments is reduced to Fe (II). Nurnberg. lowering the redox potential at the sediment-water interface.INTRODUCTION • In productive lakes. 1988). Ihnat & Wagner.

OBJECTIVE • Examine the P release rates from sediments. .

. – The overlying water should be aerated throughout the incubation by using an air pump via tygon tubes to create aerobic condition. the cores should be covered with Al foil to avoid exposure of light. – A 60-mL aliquot will be removed from each core for five consecutive days and analyzed for TP. – Cores will be collected in Acryl tubes. (diameter-? and length-?) – Upon arrival of the samples to the lab.MATERIALS AND METHODS • Sediment Core Incubation Method – Sediments core samples will be collected by using gravity corer. – Cores will be stored vertically in refrigerator.

• Release rates determined from short-term sediment core incubations to be estimates of gross nutrient fluxes from sediments. it will not possible to resample the same cores because of limited water volume within tubes. • During incubations. • Sediment core incubations will be conducted over relatively short periods of time and TP released from sediments are not subject to the longer term (>1 week) processes which can take place in lakes (such as relatively slow precipitation with some types of inorganic material. .MATERIALS AND METHODS • Sediment core incubations will be lasted for 2-5 days. diffusion across the thermocline and entrainment into the epilimnion).

MATERIALS AND METHODS Figure: Intact sediment cores wrapped with Al foil under aerobic and anaerobic condition .