Video is an electronic medium for the recording, copying and broadcasting of moving visual images


HISTORY Video technology was first developed for CRT television systems .

HISTORY Charles Ginsburg led an Ampex research team developing the first practical video tape recorder (VTR) .

the first video tape recorder captured live images from television cameras .HISTORY In 1951.

HISTORY Video recorders were sold for $50. and videotapes cost $300 per one-hour reel .000 in 1956.

Sony began selling videocassette recorder (VCR) tapes to the public .HISTORY In 1971.

HISTORY 1997 .DVD was invented 2006 – Blue-ray Disc was invented .


was invented as a way to reduce flicker in early mechanical and CRT video displays without increasing the number of complete frames per second .INTERLACED VIDEO Interlaced .

NTSC 2.SECAM .INTERLACED VIDEO Interlaced formats: 1.PAL 3.

NTSC NTSC .National Television System Committee .

Phase Alternating Line .PAL PAL .

Séquentiel couleur à mémoire Sequential Color with Memory .SECAM SECAM .

All popular video formats can be described by a ratio between width and height. .ASPECT RATIO Aspect ratio describes the dimensions of video screens and video picture elements.

ASPECT RATIO The screen aspect ratio of a traditional television screen is 4:3 High definition televisions use an aspect ratio of 16:9 .


flv) Flash video is playable within Flash movies files.. which are supported by practically every browser on every platform .FLV 1. Flash Video (.

AVI 2. .. Audio Video Interleave (.avi) Video Format developed by Microsoft It stores data that can be encoded in a number of different codec’s and can contain both audio and video data. The AVI format usually uses less compression than some similar formats and is a very popular format amongst internet users.

text or effects. Quicktime Format (. and can be played on an Apple Quicktime player. audio.. It is compatible with both Mac and Windows platforms.MOV The QuickTime format was developed by Apple. The format contains one or more tracks storing video. . .

MP4 4.. MP4 Format (. most commonly those defined by MPEG The mp4 can most commonly be played on the Apple QuickTime Player or other movie players .mp4) This format is mostly used to store audio and visual streams online.

It can be played using Apple QuickTime Player or Microsoft Windows Media Player. Mpeg Format (..mpg) Common video format standardized by MPEG Moving Pictures Experts Group. .MPG 5.

Windows Media Video Format (. and can now cater to more specialized content .WMV 6.wmv) WMV format. short for Windows Media Video was developed by Microsoft It was originally designed for internet streaming applications..

3gp) The 3gp format is both an audio and video format that was designed as a multimedia format for transmitting audio and video files between 3G cell phones and the internet It is most commonly used to capture video from your cell phone and place it online.3GP 7. .. 3GP File Extension (.

asf) ASF is a subset of the wmv format and was developed by Microsoft It is intended for streaming and is used to support playback from digital media and HTTP servers .. Advances Streaming Format (.ASF 8.

. Real Media Format (. The realplayer is the most compatible video player .rm) RealMedia is a format which was created my RealNetworks.RM 9. It contains both audio and video data and typically used for streaming media files over the internet.

swf ) Small Web File The Flash movie format was developed my Macromedia. they must have the Flash Plug-In Installed .SWF 10. In order to play in Web Browsers. This format can include text. Flash Movie Format (.. graphics and animation.


sound mixing . colour correction.VIDEO EDITING Video editing is the process of manipulating and rearranging video shots to create a new work Editing is usually considered to be one part of the post production process — other post-production tasks include titling.


GOALS OF EDITING • Remove unwanted footage • Choose the best footage • Create a flow • Add effects. music etc. • Add style and mood of the video . graphics.

.1. REMOVE UNWANTED FOOTAGE This is the simplest and most common task in editing. Many videos can be dramatically improved by simply getting rid of the flawed or unwanted bits.

2. CHOOSE THE BEST FOOTAGE It is common to shoot far more footage than you actually need and choose only the best material for the final edit. . Often you will shoot several versions (takes) of a shot and choose the best one when editing.

Editing is a crucial step in making sure the video flows in a way which achieves this goal . CREATE A FLOW Most videos serve a purpose such as telling a story or providing information.3.

GRAPHICS. You can improve most videos by adding extra elements.4. . MUSIC ETC. ADD EFFECTS.

music and visual effects can influence how the audience will react . Techniques such as mood. ADD STYLE AND MOOD OF THE VIDEO A good editor will be able to create subtle mood prompts in a video.5.


Capture Device A hardware or firmware device used to convert analogue video into digital video.VIDEO EDITING TERMINOLOGY 1. .

VIDEO EDITING TERMINOLOGY 2. . Compression makes the file size smaller. Compressors & Codecs Software or firmware used to compress and decompress digital video.

adding and/or removing sections of video clips. Editing The process of rearranging. Editing is part of post-production . Also. creating transitions between clips.VIDEO EDITING TERMINOLOGY 3.

for example. .VIDEO EDITING TERMINOLOGY 4. saving a video project in MGEG-2 format for DVD distribution. Encoding The process of converting digital video into a particular format.

VIDEO EDITING TERMINOLOGY 5. A method of editing in which footage is copied from one tape to another in the required order . Linear Editing Also known as tape to tape editing.

VIDEO EDITING TERMINOLOGY 6. Non Linear Editing An editing method which uses computer software to edit the footage .

VIDEO EDITING TERMINOLOGY 7. Transition The way one shot changes to the next .