Thermography

Thermal imaging installations for the Metcalf Science Center

Introduction: Basic Goal
To enhance perception of the physical world by way of infrared imaging. By demonstrating the use and utility of detectors in the scientific community, we may help students understand a fundamental process by which we perceive our environment.

.What is Infrared? All matter (gases. planets. at wavelengths slightly longer than what we perceive as the color red. etc) emits some amount of electromagnetic radiation across a range of energies (or wavelengths). “Infrared” refers to the portion of the electromagnetic spectrum where biological life-forms emit the most light.

While there are practical evolutionary reasons for this. infrared is a reality that exists behind the scenes. our eyes do not have the elements necessary for detecting infrared. .Why Don’t We See It? Put simply.

Everyday Infrared We may not be able to see infrared. . You sense it on a hot day under the sun. or when someone walks between you and a campfire. Physical touch is the most direct way of observing it. but we can still sense it through what is commonly called heat.

With FLIR’s ThermaCAM B1. . we can capture running video of the infrared spectrum in the everyday.

13 m Lens: standard 24° or wide angle 45° Additional Features: Video Output: NTSC/Standard RCA Available Palettes: Iron. . B/W inverted On board 1mW 635nm laser enables long-range precision temperature measurements. High Contrast Rainbow. B/W.5 .12°C Min/Max Auto Adjust: Continuous or Manual Range: -20 to 50°C (-4 to 155°F) Spectral Range: 7.Some properties of the ThermaCAM B1: Thermal Sensitivity: 0.

Using the ThermaCAM B1 infrared camera. doors. The following images are just a small indication of what is possible using this technology. Shown here are some examples of reflection off computer monitors. and pennies. we conducted a series of experiments. .

Heat Signatures and Sausages .

Hot & Cold Water. Vascular Tree .

a dynamic. monitoring the movement of faculty. Mount an infrared camera above the cafeteria. which will then project infrared images of individuals back onto the people themselves. Link the camera to a projector.Our Proposal: Personal. staff. Dynamic Illumination for the Cafeteria by Back-Projecting Infrared Emissions Construction: 1. also stationed above the cafeteria. and students. interactive light source that corresponds to their own infrared emissions. 2. . Effect: Those eating and studying in the cafeteria will have a personal lamp illuminating their individual space .

A Diagram of the Intended Result From Above: Students in the cafeteria… .

.A Diagram of the Intended Result From Above: Students in the cafeteria… illuminated by their own infrared emissions.

if you were to leave your seat to get a drink. you would come back to find your own heat signature. Notice the heat signatures on cafeteria seats after the students have left. Using our projection system. those areas would remain lit until the heat dissipates. . still lit.What will the camera see? These raw images were captured with an infrared camera stationed on the fourth floor.

we can control the size. and intensity of the individual infrared lamps . .Projector Placement: When the infrared images are projected onto the cafeteria. localization.by adjusting the focus and contrast on the camera or by changing the height of the projector.

. the projected thermal video supplementing existing light sources. If so desired. an alternate color palette could be employed.A Simulation of the Desired Effect: Here is an attempt to visualize the actual outcome: each student enjoys a pleasant white light.

An Alternative Approach: The same set-up could easily be used to project thermal video onto the ceiling. . This approach may be less invasive. but it may also be less engaging. creating an infrared mirror for those peering up.

their infrared emissions will appear visible in the viewing screen. creating ghost-like apparitions. Infrared Passage Ways Construction: 1. Link the camera to a viewing screen. Effect: As students and faculty pass through the corridor space.Additional Suggestions: A. Mount an Infrared camera across from one of the corridor windows. 2. . A series of infrared mirrors could also be in place behind the wall to give the impression of infrared transparency. stationed on the exterior corridor wall that looks onto the cafeteria atrium.

which will stimulate curiosity. groupings of students. General Viewing Screens Construction: Link the existing camera mounted above the cafeteria to a viewing screen stationed elsewhere in the building. Effect: Viewers will be met with a visually abstract representation of the everyday cafeteria scene.Additional Suggestions: B. as they come and go. form unique and evocative patterns of light. .

Ultimately. with the understanding that this connection is intrinsically linked to their studies. the use of infrared cameras in the Metcalf Science Center will personally engage the students.The portable infrared camera affords flexibility. each will have the opportunity to see the invisible effects of a human body in its environment. As each human form is rendered in its own light. we would hope that students feel a greater connection to the building and its human inhabitants. prompting the students to wonder: “Of all the traces we leave behind. Upon experiencing our installation. we begin to visualize and contemplate the ephemeral nature of man. common to everyone. how many will remain? How many will endure?” . we would encourage further investigation and demonstration (i. a camera could be placed above the front entrance). and staff. faculty. in addition to these proposals.e. The installation will provoke the imagination. moreover each will see that this phenomena is universal.

799.000.99 OR 30” Flat Panel Display: ($1. Less expensive. used cameras are also available.00 Digital Projector: $1. .299.95) Parts and Installing: $500.95) The costs reflect a maximum price.Costs Estimated Camera Price (depends on camera type): $10.674.99 (or $11.00 Total Cost: $11.174.

current Physics Demo Room Coordinator Claudio Rebbi. Professor of Physics Tom O’Toole of FLIR systems . John.Our thanks to the following individuals for their resources and support: Jason St. former Physics Demo Room Coordinator Christian Murphy.