Stroke does not Discriminate

Ask for a smile

 Stroke affects people of
• All Ages • All Ethnic Groups

Ask for a stretch

• All Backgrounds

The sky is blue in Boston

 Most strokes are preventable, take steps NOW to reduce having a stroke!

Ask for a sentence

Signs & Symptoms of Stroke
Ask for a smile

 Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm,

or leg, especially on one side of the body

 Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
Ask for a stretch

 Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes

The sky is blue in Boston

 Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
 Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

Ask for a sentence

Ask for a smile Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Strokes occur in the brain and affect the opposite side of the body Ask for a sentence .

Risk Factors for Stroke Ask for a smile Blood Pressure over 120/80? Smoker – exposed to tobacco? Overweight? Ask for a stretch Diabetes? High Cholesterol? Heart Disease? The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Risk Factors for Stroke Ask for a smile Family History of Stroke? Physical activity…less than a total of 30 Ask for a stretch minutes on most days? Man over age of 45. OR a woman over 55 years of age? The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Taking medications correctly – SMOKING .Do we exercise or get some physical activity? – MEDICATIONS .Risk Factors Ask for a smile Risk factors you can control: – DIET . do we follow our diet? – EXERCISE .How we eat.Stop smoking Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Once You are at the Hospital Ask for a smile Diagnostic Testing – CT or MRI of the brain Ask for a stretch – EKG The sky is blue in Boston – Carotid Ultrasound – Echocardiogram Ask for a sentence .

Ask for a smile Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

EKG – may show atrial fibrillation Ask for a smile Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Carotid Ultrasound – will show if there is stenosis (narrowing of the blood vessel) Ask for a smile Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Echocardiogram – detects if any thrombus (blood clot) within the heart chambers Ask for a smile Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Chest X-ray Ask for a smile Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Lipid Ask for a stretch Profile (checking your cholesterol level) is done on all patients.Labs Ask for a smile Any labs may be ordered.Blood work . The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Recognize the Symptoms of a Stroke Ask for a smile  3 Simple Questions – Ask the person to smile Ask for a stretch – Ask the person to raise both arms – Ask the person to say a simple sentence “The sky is blue in Boston” The sky is blue in Boston The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

that dissolves blood clots obstructing blood flow to the brain.tPA (Tissue Plasminogen Activator) Ask for a smile – is a clot-busting drug Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence – Ischemic strokes. can be treated with a drug called tPA. . the most common type of strokes.

Medications Ask for a smile Aspirin Aggrenox Ask for a stretch Plavix Blood pressure medication The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence if appropriate Cholesterol lowering medicines if needed .

Hospital Treatment for Stroke Ask for a smile Medical Management – Dietary – Physical & Occupational Therapy – Speech Therapy if indicated – Nursing Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Hospital Treatment for Stroke Ask for a smile Rehabilitation – Physical Medicine Consult – Determine what type of therapy best for patient Ask for a stretch The sky is blue in Boston • Rehab Unit • Subacute Rehab • Extended Care Facility • Home Care with PT/OT Ask for a sentence .

Discharge Planning Ask for a smile Starts upon admission to the hospital – Consult social worker or care coordinator to help identify discharge needs Ask for a stretch – Provide patient/family with Stroke education – Stroke Support Group meetings The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .

Ask for a smile Ask for a stretch THANK YOU…. The sky is blue in Boston Ask for a sentence .