Sohin P.

Shah Mechanical Department Semester 4 121080119062 7-01-2014

LCA TEJAS
INDIA’S LIGHT COMBAT AIRCRAFT.

It came from the LCA programme. which began in the 1980s to replace India's aging MiG-21 fighters.About Tejas is a lightweight multirole jet fighter developed by India. . compound delta wing design powered by a single engine. It is a tailless.

2m 4.4m Weights 9500 kg 13200 kg Aircraft Performance Max.2m 13.6 +8 to -3.Specifications Dimensions Wing Span Length Overall Height Take-Off Weight (Clean) Take-Off Weight (max) 8.5 15 km . Speed Max ‘g’ Service Ceiling Mach 1.

They are the forces that pilots encounter when engaged in high-speed dogfighting and BFM. The force of gravity on Earth is used as a baseline for measuring these forces of acceleration. Service ceiling: The service ceiling is the maximum usable altitude of an aircraft. G forces: G forces are the forces of acceleration that pull on the aircraft when it changes the plane of motion. Mach Number: Mach number is a dimensionless quantity representing the ratio of speed of an object moving through a fluid and the local speed of sound. due to structural or other limits. independently of wing shape or sweep. Max Take-Off Weight: The maximum take-off weight (MTOW) or maximum take-off mass (MTOM) of an aircraft is the maximum weight at which the pilot of the aircraft is allowed to attempt to take off. .Summary Wing Span: The wingspan of an aircraft is always measured in a straight line. from wingtip to wingtip. both can be dangerous to a fighter pilot. There are both positive and negative G forces.

9 m Weights: Max Weight 1. Length 3.ENGINE F404-GE-IN20 Dimensions: Diameter 890 mm.163 kg .035 kg Engine Performance: Thrust 9.

TECHNOLOGY .

.COMPOSITE MATERIALS Most of the parts of the LCA Tejas are made up of Carbon composites which assure ultimate agility along with it being very light in weight.

permits carriage of a wider range of external stores. This plan form is designed to keep the Tejas small and lightweight.COMPOUND DELTA WING The Tejas is a tailless. and confers better close-combat. The use of this plan form also minimises the control surfaces needed (no tail planes or fore planes. and high rates of roll and pitch. compound delta plan form. giving it minimum supersonic drag. high-speed. . a low wing-loading. just a single vertical tailfin). and high-alpha performance characteristics than conventional wing designs. Extensive wind tunnel testing on scale models and complex computational fluid dynamics analyses have optimised the aerodynamic configuration of the LCA.

The autopilot is also equipped with advanced features like auto level (which helps the pilot recover the aircraft if he gets disoriented and also during night flying). and facilitate robust performance. The Control laws (CLAW) recover Stability and provide good Handling Qualities to the Pilot. fuel etc. Tejas is intentionally made longitudinally unstable to enhance manoeuvrability. safe altitude recovery (which automatically pulls up the aircraft if it comes too close to the ground) and navigation modes (which steer the aircraft automatically along a pre-determined flight path). This helps the pilot to do more head down activities (especially mission critical activities) without being concerned about the aircraft departing from its flight path. each with its own independent power supply and all housed in a single LRU. The CLAW is carefree and ensures that various aircraft parameters are limited automatically. The digital FBW system of the Tejas employs a powerful digital flight control computer (DFCC) comprising four computing channels. This enables the pilot to fly the mission without worrying about exceedance of parameters beyond a safe limit. The DFCC receives signals from a variety of sensors and pilot control stick inputs. and processes these through the appropriate channels to excite and control the elevons. rudder and leading edge slat hydraulic actuators. . They also provide invariant response with respect to variation in aerodynamics.FLY BY WIRE FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM Tejas is equipped with a quadruplex digital fly-by-wire flight control system to ease handling by the pilot. The autopilot provides pilot relief functions.

display processor. combines the functions of earlier mission computer. and portability.OPEN ARCHITECTURE AVIONICS COMPUTER Open Architecture Computer (OAC) designed and developed by ADA. This open architecture design will allow the designers to continuously adapt and upgrade Tejas to meet the challenges of modern warfare. which provides interoperability. scalability. OAC drives three multi-function displays. . It is designed based on open system interfaces standards. video switching unit and mission preparation and retrieval unit. HUD and the helmet-mounted display.

cope with enemy threats. This simplifies aircraft operation and navigation and allows pilots to focus only on the most pertinent information.GLASS COCKPIT The term Glass Cockpit refers to a modern cockpit in which all the round dialled electro-mechanical instruments have been replaced with MultiFunction Displays (MFDs) and a Head Up Display (HUD). processed by a mission computer and then displayed on the MFDs and HUD. navigate. A glass cockpit uses several displays driven by flight management systems. which can be adjusted to display flight information as needed. perform his operational mission. return to base and land is gathered by sensors on board the aircraft. The MFDs are colour Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays (AMLCDs) Information required by the pilot to take-off. deliver his weapons. .

In the air to air arena. air to surface. . precision guided and standoff weaponry. The Tejas is designed to carry a veritable plethora of air to air. with highly agile high off-boresight missiles to tackle any close combat threat. the Tejas carries long range beyond visual range weapons.WEAPONS Any modern fighter is only as good as the weapons she can deliver on target. giving the Tejas true multi/swing role capability. A wide variety of air to ground munitions and an extremely accurate navigation and attack system allow it to prosecute surface targets over land or at sea with unparalleled accuracy.

org/wiki/Wingspan .in/ • http://en.org/wiki/HAL_Tejas • http://en.tejas.gov.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximum_takeoff_weight • http://en.org/wiki/Mach_number • http://en.wikipedia.wikipedia.wikipedia.References • http://www.