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Manel Pavon 3 eso A

DEFINITION
Force is a physical quantity that measures the intensity of the exchange of momentum between two particles or particle systems (language of particle physics is spoken interaction)

EXAMPLE
Force in Newtonian mechanics: The force can be defined from the time derivative of momentum:

PICTURE

INTERNET LINK
http://es.wikiped ia.org/wiki/Fuerz a

FORCE

DISTANCE

In physics, the distance is a scalar quantity, expressed in units of length or time and care to know what is the magnitude of the length. As a measure of length, the distance is expressed in units of meters according to the International System of Units. By expressing the distance, being a scalar quantity, just mention the magnitude and the unit.

Light from the sun takes 8.3 minutes to reach Earth. The speed of light is 3 x 108m / s. How many meters away is the Earth from the Sun? data: t = 8.3 min = 8.3 min X = 498 s 60s/min V = 3 X 108m / s d =? Equation: V = d / t solving for d, d = vt Substituting the corresponding values​​: d = (3 x 108m / s) (498s) = 1494 X 1011m The answer is the distance between Earth and the Sun is 1.5 X 1011m

http://en.wikipe dia.org/wiki/Dist ance

to set the speed should be considered the direction of travel and the module.60. acceleration is the rate of change of velocity per unit of time. His unit in the International System is the m / s.1Likewise. the speed decreases and the resistance comes into play.DEFINITION The velocity is a vector physical quantity expressing character distance traveled by an object per unit time. It is represented by o.By its vector character. which is called speed or rapidez. the speed or rate is the rate of change per unit time position. This kind of speed over short distances applies (50. Its dimensions are [L] / [T]. PICTURE INTERNET LINK http://es.wikipedi a.100 mts) because if the distance increases. EXAMPLE Speed of displacement: is the ability to travel a distance in the shortest time possible.org/wiki/Veloci dad SPEED .

a force is said to do work When It acts on a body so That There is a displacement of the point of application. if a force of 10 newton (F = 10 N) acts along point that travels 2 meters (d = 2 m).wikiped ia. Which is based on the use of early steam engines to lift buckets of water out of flooded ore mines. PICTURE INTERNET LINK http://en. EXAMPLE For example. This is approximately the work done lifting a 1 kg weight from ground to over a person's head against the force of gravity.DEFINITION In physics. However small. in the direction of the force. The SI unit of work is the newtonmeter or joule (J). Notice that the work is doubled either by lifting twice the weight the same distance or by lifting the same weight twice the distance. THUS a force does work When It results in movement. The term work was Introduced in 1826 by the French mathematician GaspardGustave Coriolis as "weight lifted through a height".org/wiki/Work _(physics) WORK . then it does the work W = (10 N)(2 m) = 20 N m = 20 J.

In general.edhe ads.org/wiki/Simpl e_machine http://www.org/activities /simplemachines/glossar y. Usually the term Refers to the six classical simple machines Which Were defined by Renaissance scientists: Lever Wheel and axle Pulley inclined Plane Wedge Screw A simple machine is an elementary device That has a specific movement (often called a mechanism).wikiped ia. be defined as They Can Mechanisms That Provide the simplest mechanical advantage (also called leverage).shtml . EXAMPLE PICTURE INTERNET LINK http://en.DEFINITION A simple machine is a mechanical device changes the direction That or magnitude of a force. Which Can Be Combined with Other Devices and Movements to form a machine.

a lever.wikispaces. PICTURE INTERNET LINK http://awesander s. difficult. so we don’t have to beat it with a spoon. We use complex machines to do repetitive.DEFINITION Most big machines are combinations of simple machines. EXAMPLE For example. or dangerous tasks. Each of these machines uses energy to make work easier. a wheelbarrow is a combination of a lever and a wheel and axle. A can opener uses a wedge.com /file/view/machin es_34_nf_book__high. complicated. A bicycle uses wheels and axles with pulleys and gears. and dig through rubble. Robots make computer chips. a lever. build cars. Electric mixers mix batter over and over. A bicycle uses wheels and axles with pulleys and gears. A can opener uses a wedge. and a gear. a wheelbarrow is a combination of a lever and a wheel and axle.pdf COMPLEX MACHINE . and a gear. Cranes lift big containers and help build roads and skyscrapers. For example.

The rate at which the object slides down the surface is dependent upon how tilted the surface is. The distance ratio of a simple machine is defined as the ratio of the distance the applied force moves to the distance the load moves. A wedge is a simple machine that transforms lateral force and movement of the tool into a transverse splitting force and movement of the workpiece. the force of the swing is transferred into the wood. Force distance and speed relation Objects are known to accelerate down inclined planes because of an unbalanced force.edu/rob olabatceeo/K12 /classroom/wed ge.wikip edia. The available power is limited by the effort of the person using the tool. wrapped around a cylinder. Although the movement of the splitting wood is smaller than the distance that the blade moved. the wedge amplifies the force by reducing the movement.shtml wedge tornillo A screw.cfm Types Using ramps to load a car on a truck Wheelchair ramp on Japanese bus Aircraft emergency evacuation slide Inclined plane cunya http://en. is a type of fastener characterized by a helical ridge.Translation Pla inclinat o rampa Definition An object placed on a tilted surface will often slide down the surface. the force is greater. but because power is the product of force and movement.org/wiki/Sc rew mirror screw sheet metal screw screw . To understand this type of motion. Screw threads are designed to mate with a complementary thread.phy sicsclassroom. it is important to analyze the forces acting upon an object on an inclined plane.cee o. http://en. The most common uses of screws are to hold objects together and to position objects.c om/class/vector s/u3l3e.wikip edia. Picture Internet link http://www.org/wiki/Si mple_machine http://www. the faster the rate at which the object will slide down it. A wedge is a simple machine that increases force by reducing the area. known as an external thread or just thread. or bolt. known as an internal thread. often in the form of a nut or an object that has the internal thread formed into it. or mechanical advantage is the ratio of the input speed to output speed. When the blade of an axe is swung into a log. The blade of an axe is an example of a wedge.tufts. For a screw it is the ratio of the circular distance din a point on the edge of the shaft moves to the linear distance out the shaft moves. the greater the tilt of the surface. This amplification.

Class 3: Effort in the middle: the resistance is on one side of the effort and the fulcrum is located on the other side. There are two types (if you can call them types) one is where the input force is exerted on the wheel. There are three common types or classes of levers. or bearing. or fulcrum. A lever amplifies an input force to provide a greater output force. or you can move an object further than the distance you apply to the lever. A wheel and axle has a theoretical mechanical advantage (ratio of the force delivered by the machine to the force put into the machine.htm http://en. The word comes from the French lever. a levant. and the axis of the axle corresponds to the fulcrum. when you turn the axle. "to raise". applied force and load.Translation Palanca Definition A lever is a machine consisting of a beam or rigid rod pivoted at a fixed hinge.h owstuffworks. It is one of the six simple machines identified by Renaissance scientists.wikip edia.org/wiki/W heel_and_axle . depending on where the fulcrum and applied force is located.org/wiki/Le ver Types Class 1: Fulcrum in the middle: the effort is applied on one side of the fulcrum and the resistance on the other side. to which force is applied. In this configuration a hinge. levers roda i eix Wheel and axle The wheel and axle is one of six simple machines identified by Renaissance scientists drawing from Greek texts on technology. The wheel and axle can be regarded as a form of lever: the radius of the wheel corresponds to the force arm. http://science. The wheel and axle is generally considered to be a wheel attached to an axle so that these two parts rotate together in which a force is transferred from one to the other. Class 2: Resistance in the middle: the effort is applied on one side of the resistance and the fulcrum is located on the other side. so you turn the wheel and the other is where the input force is on the axle. the radius of the axle corresponds to the resistance arm. Force distance and speed relation A lever consists of a fulcrum.wikip edia. The ratio of the output force to the input force is the ideal mechanical advantage of the lever. supports the rotation of the axle. The mechanical advantage is that you can move a heavy object using less force than the weight of the object. which is said to provide leverage. disregarding friction) equal to the radius of the wheel divided by the radius of the axle. you can propel an object faster by applying a force at a slower speed. Picture Internet link http://en.c om/wheel-andaxle-info.

you can pull down on the rope to lift the object instead of pushing up. Pulleys systems are common used in constructions. but it feels easier because you are pulling down. A double pulley can help you to lift objects you could never lift without it.half as much. systems of one to five pulleys are uses to lift a weight of 1lb onto a 1 ft height. If you add a second pulley. if you are lifting a heavy object with a single pulley anchored to the ceiling. In the exhibit. However.phy sics. The same amount of effort is needed as without a pulley. the amount of effort to lift the heavy object is much less -.edu/m useum/Exhibits1/Mechanics/Pu lleys/index_Pull eys.Translation Polea Definition Pulleys are mechanisms compost by wheel and rope used to lift heavy objects onto tall heights. They change the direction of an applied force and they can even reduce the force needed to lift a weight. you will have to pull the rope further. Force distance and speed relation For example. Picture Internet link http://www.wisc.html Types pulley .