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Use of rubble of buildings how recycled sand in construction

Marcos Antonio da Silva 12/03/2013

What is the problem?

• Being a new material is still viewed with suspicion to be in large-scale.• Quantity of Construction Demolition Waste (CDW) produced all day. • Correct disposal for this waste. • Find new places for landfills (the still available are saturated or nearly). .

floors. driveways. windows. insulation. stumps/trees. wood. road surfaces (all concrete containing Portland cement Asphalt Pavement Sidewalks and road structures made with asphalt binder . ceramic tile From newly installed items such as appliances and tile Foundations. slate. fixtures. lights Carpeting. doors. mirrors. and tile shingles. flooring. rebar. packaging Asphalt. sidewalks. flashing. framing Vinyl siding. masonry cement Windows. roofing felt Masonry Glass Miscellaneous Cardboard Concrete Cinder blocks. pipes. Sheetrock (Wallboard) Pipes.Typical CWD Material Components Wood Drywall Metals Plastics Roofing Content Examples Forming and framing lumber. wiring. brick. engineered wood.

. 31(8): 601-5. Source: The Greening of the concrete industry. alone produces around 200-300 million tons of Construction Demolition Waste (CDW).S. Cement and Concrete Composites 2009.The U.

CONSUPTION OF PORTLAND CEMENT 47% 3% 17% Streets & Highways Buildings Non-construction 33% Other Source: Portland Cement Association. 2006 .

Cement production 2010 Source: United States Geological Survey. (Jan 2011). . USGS Mineral Program Cement Report.

Nature Landfills Recycle .

What is the Solution? .

Jobs Creation U. Employer: Half a million people and accounting for about 2 % of the country’s GDP.S. 2007. Source: Environmental Professionals Network (EPN). . recycling industry: US$ 236 billion in revenue.

• 1 Operator crushing. • 1 Secretary. • 5 Auxiliary screening. • 1 Machine Operator. • 1 Porter. .Monthly Costs Estimation (USD) Whereas "Little Company" with an area of ​6500 m² and capacity of 40 tons / hour Staff: • 1 Civil Engineer. • 1 Assist maintenance. • 2 Watchers.

33 USD 52083. opening the company) TOTAL INITIAL INVESTMENT USD 1666.00 USD 20833. etc) Initial Marketing Pre-operating expenses (licensing fees. desks.67 USD 75000. chairs.00 USD 288405.00 Observation: USD 2.33 USD 83333.Initial Investments Site (considering the purchase of the land.40 .33 Reform and facilities (property of the whole structure suitable for work with solid waste recycling) Wheel Loaders Truck (tipper) for the transport of raw materials and final product Furniture for administrative area (computers. printers.00 USD 12500.67 USD 1250. but this value will depend on the location of the company) Installations of crushing USD 41666.

• Transport • Screening • Recycling • Grounding .Recycle process: • Generation and collection in the work.

Generation and collection in the work .

Transport .

Screening .

Not allowed to use for structural purposes materials containing GYPSUM Other contaminants: • • • • • Plaster. Asphalt and. . Soil. Wood. Rubber.

Recycling 3 1 2 Source: Zenith Mining & Construction .

. • Sub-base for paving.Uses of recycled materials • Recycle Sand. • Gravel and higher sizes.

Costs are that recycled sand cost between 15% and 30% less of original produce of sand. .

Poll Research .

Quantity researched 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 13 20 15 6 7 3 10 5 0 15-20 21-25 26-30 31-40 Gender Female Male .

how knowledgeable are you about recycle? 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 12 10 8 Quantity 6 4 2 0 0-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 Male Female .Question 1: On a scale of 01 to 10.

Question 6: On a scale of 01 to 10. how sure are you that the government is providing the appropriate level of leadership with regard to environmental issue? 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 Quantity 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0-2 3-4 5-6 7-8 9-10 Male Female .

Conclusion .

Benefits: • Reduce of exploration of a natural resource. • Employment generation. . • Reduces the emission of greenhouse gases.

Sakai K. 2000. Concrete technology for a sustainable development in the 21st century. Kasai Y. recycling concrete and other materials for sustainable development. Construction and demolition wastes – Landfills.A.2004. Rio deJaneiro.226-35. p. In: Liu TC. 524p. 2004. p.). editors. ABNT. Cement and Concrete Composites 2009.References Meyer C. Role of supplementary cementing materials in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. editors. Mineração e metalurgia na Amazônia: contribuição à crítica da ecologia política à valorização de recursos minerais da região. The Greening of the concrete industry. Meyer C. ABNT – Brazilian Association of Technical Standards NBR 15113. . London: E&FN Spon. 11-33. 31(8): 601-5. Monteiro. M. Recent trends in recycling of concrete waste and use of recycled aggregate concrete in Japan. In: Gjorv OE. American Concrete Institute. 3v. Malhota VM. 2000.

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