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A bank that deals mostly in (but is not limited to) international finance, longterm loans for companies and

underwriting. Merchant banks do not provide regular banking services to the general public Their knowledge in international finances make merchant banks specialists in dealing with multinational corporations.

The Bank is registered with SEBI as Category I Merchant Banker for providing all the major Merchant Banking services.

Issue Management Services to act as Book Running Lead Manager/Lead Manager for the IPOs/Right issues/Debt issues Project appraisal Corporate Advisory Services Underwriting of equity issues Banker to the Issue/Paying Banker Refund Banker Monitoring Agency Debenture Trustee Marketing of the issue through a strong network

A merchant bank deals with the commercial banking needs

of international finance, long term company loans, and stock underwriting. A merchant bank does not have retail offices where one can go and open a savings or checking account. A merchant bank is sometimes said to be a wholesale bank, or in the business of wholesale banking. This is because merchant banks tend to deal primarily with other merchant banks and other large financial institutions.

The most familiar role of the merchant bank is stock underwriting. A large company that wishes to raise money from investors through the stock market can hire a merchant bank to implement and underwrite the process. The merchant bank determines the number of stocks to be issued, the price at which the stock will be issued, and the timing of the release of this new stock. The merchant bank files all the paperwork required with the various market authorities, and is also frequently responsible for marketing the new stock, though this may be a joint effort with the company and managed by the merchant bank. For really large stock offerings, several merchant banks may work together, with one being the lead underwriter.

By limiting their scope to the needs of large companies, merchant banks can focus their knowledge and be of specific use to such clients. Some merchant banks specialize in a single area, such as underwriting or international finance.
Many of the largest banks have both a retail division and a merchant bank division. The divisions are generally very separate entities, as there is very little similarity between retail banking and what goes on in a merchant bank

Mutual Funds are portfolio of stock market shares and other financial instruments built with funds collected from (usually) small investors whose primary concern is security of investment. These funds are run by government trusts, banks, and now private financial institutions as well. These funds can be OPEN FUNDED or CLOSED ENDED. There are different kinds of mutual funds to cater to varied investment objectives: Growth Funds, Income Funds, Balanced Funds, and Liquid Assets Funds, also known as Money Market Funds.

mutual fund is a fund mutually held by the investors who are the beneficiaries of the fund. It is a type of Investment Company which collects money from so many investors in common pool and then invests this capital raised in variety of options like bonds, equity, gold, real estate etc. At the core of it are professionally qualified people called fund managers analysing the markets conditions and making investment decisions with an objective of maximization of profit. Substantially all the earnings of a MF are passed on to the investors in proportion to their investments. In lieu of the services offered, the mutual fund also charges some fees from the investors..

Professional Management - The primary advantage of funds (at least theoretically) is the professional management of your money. Investors purchase funds because they do not have the time or the expertise to manage their own portfolio. A mutual fund is a relatively inexpensive way for a small investor to get a full-time manager to make and monitor investments. Diversification - By owning shares in a mutual fund instead of owning individual stocks or bonds, your risk is spread out. The idea behind diversification is to invest in a large number of assets so that a loss in any particular investment is minimized by gains in others Large mutual funds typically own hundreds of different stocks in many different industries. It wouldn't be possible for an investor to build this kind of a portfolio with a small amount of money.

Convenience: With most mutual funds, buying and selling shares, changing distribution options, and obtaining information can be accomplished conveniently by telephone, by mail, or online. Although a fund's shareholder is relieved of the day-to-day tasks involved in researching, buying, and selling securities, an investor will still need to evaluate a mutual fund based on investment goals and risk tolerance before making a purchase decision. Investors should always read the prospectus carefully before investing in any mutual fund. Liquidity - Just like an individual stock, a mutual fund allows you to request that your shares be converted into cash at any time. Simplicity - Buying a mutual fund is easy! Pretty well any bank has its own line of mutual funds, and the minimum investment is small. Most companies also have automatic purchase plans whereby as little as Rs100 can be invested on a monthly basis.

Professional Management- Many investors debate over whether or not the so-called professionals are any better than you or I at picking stocks. Management is by no means infallible, and, even if the fund loses money, the manager still takes his/her cut. No Insurance: Mutual funds, although regulated by the government, are not insured against losses. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) only insures against certain losses at banks, credit unions, and savings and loans, not mutual funds. That means that despite the riskreducingdiversification benefits provided by mutual funds, losses can occur, and it is possible (although extremely unlikely) that you could even lose your entire investment.

Loss of Control: The managers of mutual funds make all of the decisions about which securities to buy and sell and when to do so. This can make it difficult for you when trying to manage yourportfolio. For example, the tax consequences of a decision by the manager to buy or sell an asset at a certain time might not be optimal for you. You also should remember that you are trusting someone else with yourmoney when you invest in a mutual fund.

The art and science of making decisions about investment mix and policy, matching investments to objectives, asset allocation for individuals and institutions, and balancing risk against. performance. Portfolio management is all about strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in the choice of debt vs. equity, domestic vs. international, growth vs. safety, and many other tradeoffs encountered in the attempt to maximize return at a given appetite for risk

In the case of mutual and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), there are two forms of portfolio management: passive and active. Passive management simply tracks a market index, commonly referred to as indexing or index investing. Active management involves a single manager, co-managers, or a team of managers who attempt to beat the market return by actively managing a fund's portfolio through investment decisions based on research and decisions on individual holdings. Closed-end funds are generally actively managed.

In order to carry on portfolio services, a certificate of registration from SEBI is mandatory. The certificate of registration for portfolio management services is granted to eligible applicants on payment of Rs.5 lakh as registration fee. Renewal may be granted by SEBI on payment of Rs. 2.5 lakh as renewal fee (every three years).

Every portfolio manager is required, before taking up an assignment of management of portfolio on behalf of the a client, is enter into an agreement with such clients clearly defining the inter se relationship, and setting out their mutual rights, liabilities and obligations relating to the management of the portfolio of the client.

The contract should, inter alia, contains :

The investment objectives and the services to be provided. Areas of investment and restrictions, if any, imposed by the client with regards to investment in a particular company or industry. Attendant risks involved in the management of portfolio. Period of the contract and provisions of early termination,if any. Amount to be invested. Procedure of setting the clients account including the form of repayment on maturity or early termination of contract. Fee payable to the portfolio managers Custody of securities.

The portfolio manager should not accept money or securities from his clients for less than one year. Any renewal of portfolio fund on the maturity of the initial period is deemed as a fresh placement for a minimum period of one year.

The portfolio funds and be withdrawn or taken back by the portfolio clients at his risk before the maturity date of the contract under the following circumstances : Voluntary or compulsory termination of portfolio management services by the portfolio manager. Suspension or termination of registration of portfolio manager by the SEBI. Bankruptcy or liquidation in case the portfolio manager is a body corporate. Permanent disability, lunacy or insolvency in case the portfolio manager is an individual.

The portfolio manager should furnish periodically a report to the client, agreed in the contract, but not exceeding a period of six months