Jesus in the Qur‟an

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KEY DISCUSSION POINTS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. FAMILY TREE INTRODUCTION THE BIRTH OF MARY THE GUARDIANSHIP OF MARY THE BIRTH OF JOHN THE BIRTH OF JESUS THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS
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FAMILY TREE
Sarah - Abraham (Ibrahim) - Hagar (Hajara) Isaac (Ishaq) Jacob (Israel) (Yaqub) Joseph (Yusuf) Amram (Imran) Aaron (Harun), Moses (Musa) Ishmael (Ismail) Haidir Aram „Adwa

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Imran – Ann (Hannah), Elisabeth (Ilisaba) – Zachariah (Zakariya) Qusayy Abd Munaf Mary (Maryam) Hashim John (Yahya) Abdul Muttalib Jesus (Isa) Abdullah - Aminah Muhammad
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INTRODUCTION • 13 out of 114 chapters mentions the story of Jesus e.g.: 3 – The Family of Imran  5 – The Table Spread  19 – Mary • Jesus referred to as:-

 the Messiah - the Anointed One
 Jesus, son of Mary  a Prophet and Messenger of God

 mentioned by name 25 times
• Aaron was the first in the line of the Israelite priesthood
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INTRODUCTION 33. Allaah chose Adam, Noah, the family of Abraham and the
family of 'Imran above the others of their times. 34. Offspring, one of the other, and Allaah is the All-Hearer, All-Knower.

The Qur‟an - The Family of Imran 3:33-4
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THE BIRTH OF MARY • Anna, at an old age, prays to God for a male child
• She would dedicate the child to His service by preaching in the Temple of Jerusalem • Imran, in a dream, sees a male child • God answers Anna‟s supplication with a daughter Mary,

the mother of Jesus.

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THE BIRTH OF MARY 35. When the wife of Imran said: "O my Lord! I have vowed
to You what is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services so accept this, from me. Verily, You are the AllHearer, the All-Knowing." 36. Then when she delivered, she said: "O my Lord! I have

delivered a female child," - and Allaah knew better what
she delivered, - "And the male is not like the female, and I have named her Mary, and I seek refuge with You for

her and for her offspring from Satan, the outcast."
The Qur‟an - The Family of Imran 3:35-6
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THE GUARDIANSHIP OF MARY • Mary is orphaned at a young age
• Imran was a priest of the noblest order and much respected • Many people come forward to be Mary‟s guardian • Dispute arises as to who should be guardian • Potential guardians are asked to throw an iron pen into a

nearby river
• Whosever pen remains afloat on the river, is the Sign from God that he is the preferred choice

• While others failed, Zachariah‟s pen remains afloat, by a
miracle, and thus is chosen to be Mary‟s guardian
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THE GUARDIANSHIP OF MARY 37. So her Lord accepted her with goodly acceptance. He
made her grow in a good manner and put her under the care of Zachariah … 44. This is of the news of the unseen, which We reveal to you [O Muhammad]. You were not with them, when they cast

lots with their pens as to which of them should be
charged with the care of Mary; nor were you with them when they disputed.

The Qur‟an - The Family of Imran 3:37, 44 See also 3:42-3

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THE BIRTH OF JOHN • Zachariah and his wife have become old
• Zachariah prays for a successor from the line of Jacob in the Temple of Jerusalem where Mary is eating • Successor to continue to preach the Oneness of God

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THE BIRTH OF JOHN 37. … Every time he entered the prayer chamber [Mihrab] to
visit her, he found her supplied with sustenance. He said: "O Mary! From where have you gotten this?" She said, "This is from Allaah." Verily, Allaah provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit."

38. At that time Zachariah invoked his Lord, saying: "O my
Lord! Grant me from You, a good offspring. You are indeed the All-Hearer of invocation."

The Qur‟an - The Family of Imran 3:37-8
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THE BIRTH OF JOHN 2. A mention of the mercy of your Lord to His servant
Zachariah. 3. When he called out to his Lord a call in secret, 4. Saying: My Lord! Indeed! My bones have grown feeble and grey hair has spread on my head and I have never been

unblest in my invocation to You O my Lord.
5. And verily I fear my relatives after me, since my wife is barren. So give me from Yourself an heir [successor].

The Qur‟an - Mary 19:2-5 See also 21:89

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THE BIRTH OF JOHN
6. Who shall inherit me and inherit the posterity of Jacob. And
make him, my Lord, one with whom You are well pleased. 7. O Zachariah! Verily, We give you the glad tidings of a son his name will be John; We have given that name to none before him. 8. He said: My Lord! How can I have a son when my wife is barren and I have reached extreme old age? 9. He said: So it will be. Your Lord says: It is easy for Me,

certainly I have created you before, when you had been
nothing.
The Qur‟an - Mary 19:6-9 See also 3:41, 21:90
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THE BIRTH OF JOHN 12. O John! Adhere to the Scripture [Torah] and We gave him
wisdom while yet a child, 13. And made him sympathetic toward people as a mercy from Us and pure from sins and he was righteous, 14. And dutiful toward his parents. And he was neither

arrogant nor disobedient.
15. And peace be upon him the day he was born, the day he dies and the day he will be raised up to life again!

The Qur‟an - Mary 19:12-15

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Refreshments

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THE BIRTH OF JESUS • Archangel Gabriel tells Mary that she will have a holy son
• Mary is not married at this time, hence she is surprised by the announcement • For God this is easy • Mary conceives Jesus

• Mary is asked not to speak to any man
• On the day that Jesus is 40 days old, she appears in public with the infant

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THE BIRTH OF JESUS 16. And mention in the Book [O Muhammad, the story of] Mary, when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east. 17. Then she placed for herself a screen from them; then We sent to her our angel [Gabriel], and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects. 18. She said: “Verily I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent from you if you do fear Allaah.”

The Qur‟an - Mary 19:16-18 See also 3:45

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THE BIRTH OF JESUS 19. He said: “I am only a messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son. 20. She said: “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?” 21. He said: “So (it will be): Your Lord said, „that is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign to mankind and a Mercy from Us‟: And it is a matter decreed.”

The Qur‟an - Mary 19:19-21

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THE BIRTH OF JESUS 91. And she who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her [of Our Spirit, Gabriel], and We made her and her son a Sign for the worlds.
22. So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place.

26. So eat and drink and be glad and if you see any human being, say, „Verily I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent so I shall not speak to any human being this day.‟”
The Qur‟an - The Prophets 21:91, Mary 19:22, 26 See also 66:12
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THE BIRTH OF JESUS 27. Then she brought the baby, carrying him to her people. They said: O Mary! Indeed you have done an unheard of mighty thing. 28. O sister of Aaron! Your father was not a man who used to commit adultery nor was your mother an unchaste woman. 29. Then she pointed to him. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?” 30. He (Jesus) said: “Verily I am a servant of Allaah: He has given me the Scripture [Injil] and made me a prophet;
The Qur‟an - Mary 19:27-30

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THE BIRTH OF JESUS
31. And He has made me blessed whersoever I be, and has enjoined on me prayer and charity as long as I live; 32. And dutiful to my mother and made me not arrogant, unblest. 33. “Peace be upon me the day I was born and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive”! 34. Such is Jesus, son of Mary: a statement of truth, about which they dispute. 35. It befits not [the majesty of] Allaah that He should beget a son. Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him! When He decrees a thing He only says to it, „Be‟, and it is.
The Qur‟an - Mary 19:31-5
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THE BIRTH OF JESUS 59. Verily, the likeness of Jesus before Allaah is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then said to him: "Be!" - and he was.

The Qur‟an - The Family of Imran 3:59

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 46. And in their footsteps, We sent Jesus, son of Mary, confirming the Torah that had come before him, and We gave him the Gospel [Injil], in which was guidance and light and confirmation of the Torah that had come before it, a guidance and an admonition for the God fearing and God loving.

The Qur‟an - The Table Spread 5:46 See also 3:48

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 110. … and when you made out of clay as it were the figure of a bird, by My permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My permission, and you healed those born blind and the lepers by My permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My permission, and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers among them said : "This is nothing but evident magic;"

The Qur‟an - The Table Spread 5:110 See also 3:49, 2:72-3, 2:243, 2:259-60

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 50. And I have come confirming that which was before me of the Torah, and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with a proof from your Lord. So fear Allaah and obey me. 51. Truly! Allaah is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him. This is the Straight Path.

The Qur‟an - The Family of Imran 3:50-1 See also 3:3
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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 31. They [Jews and Christians] took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allaah, as [they also took the] Messiah, son of Mary, while they [Jews and Christians] were commanded [in the Torah and the Injil] to worship none but the One God [none has the right to be worshipped but He]. Praise and Glory be to Him (far above is He) from having the partners they associate [with Him]."

The Qur‟an - Repentance 9:31 See also 19:35, 4:171

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS • The disciples of Jesus have witnessed the miracles of Jesus
but still lack faith • The disciples ask Jesus to have food sent from Heaven • Jesus requests God to send them the food • God sends the food but with a dire warning

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 112. When the disciples said: "O Jesus, son of Mary! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread [with food] from heaven?" Jesus said: "Fear Allaah, if you are indeed believers. 113. They said: "We wish to eat thereof and [to be stronger in Faith], and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses."

The Qur‟an - The Family of Imran 5:112-3

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 114. Jesus, son of Mary, said: "O Allaah, our Lord! Send us from the heaven a table spread [with food] that there may be for us - for the first and the last of us - a festival and a Sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of Sustainers." 115. Allaah said: "I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a punishment such as I have not inflicted on anyone among the worlds."

The Qur‟an - The Table Spread 5:114-5

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS • The unbelievers plot to kill Jesus
• God also plots and plans • God saves Jesus by raising him up to Heaven • God will ask Jesus whether he had asked the people to worship and his mother

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 54. And they plotted, and Allaah laid a plan. And Allaah is
the Best of planners. 55. And when Allaah said: "O Jesus! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you superior to those who

disbelieve till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will
return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters wherein you used to dispute."

The Qur‟an - The Family of Imran 3:54-5

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 157. And because of their saying, "We killed the Messiah
Jesus, son of Mary, the Messenger of Allaah," - but they did not kill him, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of Jesus was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts.

They have no knowledge, they follow nothing but
conjecture. For surely; they did not kill Jesus. 158. Allaah raised him up unto Himself; And Allaah is Ever All Powerful, All Wise.
The Qur‟an - Women 4:157-8
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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 61. And he [Jesus] shall be a known sign for the Hour [Day of Resurrection]. Therefore have no doubt concerning it. And follow Me. This is the Straight Path. 62. And let not Satan hinder you: verily he to you is a plain enemy.

The Qur‟an - Gold Adornments 43:61-2

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 116. And when Allaah will say [on the Day of Resurrection]: "O Jesus, son of Mary! Did you say to people: 'Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allaah?' "He will say: "Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right. Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours; truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden [and unseen].

The Qur‟an - The Table Spread 5:116

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 117. "Never did I say to them anything except what You did command me to say: 'Worship Allaah, my Lord and your Lord.' And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them; and You are a Witness to all things. 118. "If You punish them, they are Your servants, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You, are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."

The Qur‟an - The Table Spread 5:117-8

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 73. Surely, disbelievers are those who said: "Allaah is the third of the three [in a Trinity]." But there is no god except the One god [Allaah]. And if they do not cease from what they say, verily, a painful punishment will befall the disbelievers among them. 74. Will they not repent to Allaah and ask His Forgiveness? For Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

The Qur‟an - The Table Spread 5:73-4 See also 5:17, 72

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 75. The Messiah, son of Mary, was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother [believed in the Words of Allaah and His Books]. They both used to eat food [like other mortals]. Look how We make the Signs clear to them; yet look how they are deluded away [from the truth].

The Qur‟an - The Table Spread 5:75
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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 136. Say: "We believe in Allaah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and to the twelve sons of Jacob, and that which has been given to Moses and Jesus, and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted."

The Qur‟an - The Heifer 2:136 See also 3:84 , 4:172

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THE MESSAGE & STORY OF JESUS 84. And We bestowed upon him Isaac and Jacob, each of them We guided, and before him, We guided Noah, and among his progeny David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses and Aaron. Thus do We reward [the good-doers]. 85. And Zachariah and John and Jesus and Elias. Each one [of them] was of the righteous. 86. And Ishmael and Elisha and Jonah and Lot. And each one of them we preferred above the other beings of their times.

The Qur‟an - The Cattle 6:84-6 See also 2:285

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Questions and Answers

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