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Shaikha Ahmad

Part 1 Introduction to waste management

What is waste?

Types of waste
Municipal waste(MSW)
Domestic waste

Medical waste

Industrial waste

Hazardous waste

Needles

Factories

Paints

Drugs

Mines

Batteries

Electronics

Types of waste
Construction and demolition waste

Mining waste

Waste from electrical and electronic equipment(WEEE)


Broken electronic devices

Electrical wiring

Waste rock

Insulations

Topsoil

Types of waste
Biodegradable municipal waste End of life vehicles and tyres

Packaging waste

Agricultural waste
Empty pesticides containers Out of date medicines and wormers

Food wrappers

Plastic containers

Why is waste harmful?

Effects water

Effects soil

Effects wildlifefood cycles

Helps bacteria and other organisms in breeding

How biodegradable is waste?


Banana peel Notebook paper Comic book Wool mitten Cardboard milk carton Wooden baseball bat Leather baseball glove Steel can Aluminium soda can Plastic sandwich bag Plastic six-pack ring Polystyrene foam cup Car tire Glass bottle 2 months 3 months 6 months 1 year 5 years 20 years 40 years 100 years 350 years 400 years 450 years Maybe never Maybe never Maybe never

Where does waste go?

Landfills

Incineration (Burning)

Recycling

Importance of Recycling

Saves energy Saves space Conserve the environment

Facts

1 recycled tin Saves energy to power a television for 3 hours. 1 recycled glass bottleSaves energy to power a computer for 25 minutes. Up to 80% of a vehicle can be recycled. Up to 60% of the rubbish that ends up in the dustbin could be recycled.

Recycling glass
Collecting glass in recycling bins.

Transporting glass to treatment plants. Sorting glass by colour and removing impurities.

Crushing and melting glass.

Moulding glass to new products/Using it for brick manufacture or decorating.

Recyclable materials
Batteries
Building materials Clinical waste

Computers

Furniture

Glass

Metal

Mobiles

Plastic

Paper

Textiles

Wood

Vehicles

End of part 1

What is waste? What are the different types? Why is it harmful? Where does it go? What is the importance of recycling? What materials are recyclable? What are the steps of recycling?

Part 2 Waste in the UAE

Waste in the UAE

Abu Dhabi has the highest (per capita) level of waste in the world. In 2007-2008, Abu Dhabi produced 5.9 million tonnes of waste Landfills and dump sites. Every resident in Abu Dhabi generates about 4.2 kilograms of waste/day. Biggest landfill in Abu Dhabi is in Al Dhafra that receives at least 20,000 tonnes of waste/day.

Agencies in the UAE

Emirates Environment Group (EEG) Dubai Waste management centre AbuDhabi Zenath recycling and waste management

Dubai

Emirates Environment Group (EEG) (1997)


Offers recycling programmes for wastes to: organizations, schools and individuals across the UAE. -purchase specially designed segregation bins at nominal costs. -The collection facility is complimentary to the recycling participants.

EEG has recycling programmes only for

- paper, - plastic, - cans, glass, - toners, - Tetra pak cartons, - old mobiles, - Batteries collected and are disposed off safely with the aid of Dubai Municipality.

Waste management centre

Major recycling scheme -Two garbage bins Green garbage- recyclable waste Black garbage-non-recyclable waste Waste disposal system -electro-hydraulic underground waste collection system. -eliminate bad smell, scavengers and litter around bins. -Fitted with sensors sending alerts when 75% full.

Zenath Recycling & waste management (1996)

Deals with different types of waste: -Construction waste -General non-hazardous and organic wastes -Wooden and glass waste -Hazardous waste -Medical waste

Construct a new incinerator for medical waste -capacity of 19.2 tons/day -Largest in the gulf region

Actions and projects


In UAE, there are a number recycling factories positioned in Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman and Fujairah Free Zone. Dubai municipality is planning to operate a tyre recycling plant. Dubai municipality has developed the middle east waste summit.

Waste in hospitals

Waste in hospitals

End of Part 2

The UAE is the highest per capita waste producer. Different agencies and waste management centres in the UAE. Major projects completed/to be completed.

What can you do to help reduce waste?

Industries & businesses

Only print when needed and try to print on both sides. Reduce disposal materials Use waste management systems

Education

Use refillable pens and pencils. Purchase stationary that have recyclable content. Have environment hour/day/week/group to encourage and raise students awareness about waste management.

Residents

Avoid disposable batteries and use rechargeable ones instead. Use shopping bags. Avoid take away in restaurants to reduce packaging waste. Buy food in recyclable and reusable containers. Refill water bottles. Use towels instead of tissues. Avoid plastic wraps to cover food and use small plates instead.

Solid waste collection centre

Al Ain -Transfers different kind of waste ex. (Industrial, medical, and construction waste)

DONT LITTER

Thank you all!


Questions??

Reference

http://www.recycle-dubai.com http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl=en&msa=0&msid=1009272008 95987292381.00046f46c36e3b03486bd&z=8/html_version/contacts.htm http://www.cwm.ae/index.php?page=what-is-waste http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_waste_types http://www.tygre.eu/cms/project/improvement http://www.myselectonline.com/tertiary/465?sort=asc&order=Packaging http://planetgreen.discovery.com/tech-transport/troubleshoot-and-fix-yourelec.html http://people.bu.edu/ragsdale/Learn_Environment_22Apr09.html http://www.insulcon.com/page/Industrie_solutions/energy_-_power__waste_incineration.htm http://www.etaascon.com/nascon/articledetails.asp?id=18&catid=5 http://www.eeg-uae.org/ http://www.coral.org/node/3916

http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?ie=UTF8&hl =en&msa=0&msid=100927200895987292381. 00046f46c36e3b03486bd&z=8