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PLANNING ENGINEERING AND

PROJECT MANAGEMENT
LECTURE 03
ASST PROF. ENGR

ALI SALMAN
alisalman@ ceme.nust.edu.pk DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT COLLEGE OF E & ME, NUST
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Topics Covered

Project Life Cycle Project Phase Activities

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PROJECT LIFE CYCLE


A project is by definition a temporary endeavor, which means it has its own life cycle.

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Micro and Macro Views


Macro view

Steps

Two

(Generic)

Phases
Stages

Four

(Generic)

Micro view

Tasks

Five to Ten or More (Industry Specific) Many (Project Specific)

Generic means applicable to any sort of project


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Project Steps
The PM process, over the course of this life cycle, can be grouped into two sequential yet overlapping steps
1. 2.

Planning Accomplishment

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Project Phases
The sequential steps can be further broken down into four distinct phases in time through which any project passes.
1.
2. 3. 4.

Concept Development Implementation Termination


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Project Stages and Tasks


In practice, on most projects, the four phases need to be broken down into greater detail.

Each phase can be broken into a number of stages and further broken down into tasks.

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PROJECT PHASE ACTIVITIES


Concept Phase The concept phase is when a need is identified and background data are collected. At this point in a project, there is an attempt to determine if a problem exists. Goals and objectives are developed during this phase, and initial plans are developed as well. Some field work can be done in this phase i.e. data collection
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Important Note:

It should be noted that the project can be terminated within this or any other phase of the project.
For instance, an environmental project could be terminated at the concept phase because contamination was not found at the site.
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Development Phase In development phase more detailed planning occurs. By this point, the problem has been identified and a need has been established. The question at this point is:
What is the best manner to go about solving this problem or satisfying our need?

Economic studies are often performed in this phase, as well as an evaluation of alternatives. Detailed design will also be performed in this phase. 10
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Implementation Phase
Construction activities often occur and the detailed design plans are implemented in this phase.

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Termination Phase The termination phase is the point where the results of the project are documented, resources are released, and responsibility for the newly developed product is transferred.
For example, if the project were to build a new chemical manufacturing plant, it is at the termination phase that the plant would be placed in the hands of the new operators.
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Potential for reducing costs over time


The possibility of identifying a strategy that has the potential for reducing overall costs is greatest during the first two phases of a project, conception and development. This is because during the early phases:

Alternatives are evaluated Economic analysis can be performed The least amount of labor hours per unit of time is required The least amount of money is invested

Even though the potential for reducing costs is greatest in the beginning, many customers and project managers for that matter often choose to forego planning. Why? They prefer an attitude of Lets just do it This is because many people do not view planning as work or accomplishing any thing and there is a strong desire to see something tangible towards project completion.

Potential for reducing costs over time

Discussion

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