MDG Progress

MDG 1:- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Methodology used:-“Basket ” of proxy indices related to education and literacy, labor force participation, longevity, household facilities etc. Conclusion:-Marginal decrease in poverty and hunger. MDG 2: Achieve universal primary education Although some progress has been made with regards to access, retention and achievement, progress has been disappointing considering that the educational reforms started already in 1994 and should have been completed in 2004.

it cannot be expected that early childhood mortality will decrease drastically in the near future . .MDG Progress MDG 3: Promote gender equality and empowerment of women • PNG’s gender culture places women in a disadvantage position. This poses an enormous threat for future development and achievement of all MDGs. MDG 4: Reduce child mortality Rate of child mortality is decreasing in urban part but unless the Community Health Posts (CHP) throughout the entire rural sector is implemented successfully. PNG’s very high level of maternal mortality is another clear indication of lack of empowerment of women. Gender based violence (GBV) in particular is widespread. • Moreover.

it is essential that the NDOH’s system of CHP’s is introduced throughout the rural sector as soon as possible MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS. The available evidence suggests that there is as yet no sign that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has stabilized. it remains at a very high level. malaria and other diseases • The national targets for MDG 6 remain vague because of non availability of data. In order to reduce maternal mortality significantly. However. .MDG Progress MDG 5: Improve maternal health It may be concluded that maternal mortality has decreased marginally. Same goes for other diseases also. in 2009.

especially in the area of forests and forestry. Although some information is available.MDG Progress MDG 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability • PNG has signed 46 multilateral environmental agreements (MEA) to ensure environmental sustainability. Moreover. • Monitoring is made very difficult because of the conflicting views with regards to environmental issues. MDG 8: Develop a global partnership for development Most aspects of MDG 8 can still not be monitored effectively. monitoring that is carried out is fragmented and uncoordinated. the management and analysis of this data remains very unsatisfactory. .

airports. • They are also involved in infrastructure development including roads. being developed with massive investments by Exxon Mobil. consequent to discovery of Natural Gas in Southern Highland Province.Trade Potential for India • Indian companies are now progressively looking at the various projects coming up in PNG. • Gas discoveries in Western and Gulf provinces are being developed and Indian companies can participate in the associated projects. etc. telecommunications. . • Indian companies are also looking at the abundant nonferrous metals/ores resources. • GAIL is trying for some of the mid and down stream projects associated with these fields.

Bilateral Investment Promotion & Double Taxes Avoidance (DTAA) are under negotiations. .Trade Potential for India • Similarly. growth in commerce and trade. • Various agreements like Technical Cooperation. especially in Indian white goods and processed foods is likely to increase as the PNG market expands.

Asian Development Bank Report . cargo 22. Rabaul.000 km (2011) (Rank-12) Merchant marine:31 (Rank-84) By type: bulk carrier 7. Madang. Wewak Source:. Lae. petroleum tanker 2 foreign-owned: 8 (Germany 1. UAE 6) Ports and terminals: Kimbe.Key Infrastructure Airports:561 (2013)( Rank-12) Pipelines: 264 km (2013) Roadways: 9. Malaysia 1.349 km (Rank-136) Waterways:11.

. negatively affecting the trade. a rank that was lowest among the major economies in the region (World Bank 2010). • PNG’s ports are generally inefficient and compare unfavorably with major ports in the region . • PNG’s infrastructure was ranked 135 out of 155 countries by a recent World Bank study. • Major ports in the country do not have spare capacities to handle growth in volume. • Only 33% of the national roads were considered to be in good condition in 2009.Export Infrastructure • PNG lags far behind most other major economies in the region in key infrastructure.