Amanda Junkins Nov.

20, 2012 BME 281 University of Rhode Island

openheart surgery)  Most commonly used to perform a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)  CPB allows for the heart to stop beating.e. which makes it easier to operate on. and surgeons can operate in a blood-free area .Overview  Heart-Lung Machine – blood pumping machine that takes over the functions of the heart and lungs during surgery (i.

advancements of the heartlung pump have been considered big steps in developing open-heart surgery. first known as a perfusion pump. . was credited with developing the first clinically successful heart-lung pump  Since its creation. organ transplant. Alexis Carrel and Charles Lindbergh  1953 – Dr. Gibbons.Brief History  Mid 1930s – the heart-lung machine. Jr. was created by Dr. John H. and the artificial heart.

pumps that move the blood through an oxygenator (right ventricle). and at the end of an operation. induce total body hypothermia. the surgeon gradually lets the patient’s heart resume its normal functions  Results: the ability of a surgeon to perform an open-heart surgery in a blood-free zone while the heart is not beating  CPB allows for supporting the circulation of the blood. where the body can be maintained for up to 45 minutes without perfusion (blood flow) .oxygenator removes the carbon dioxide and adds oxygen to the blood (lungs)  Machine continues by pumping the oxygenated blood back to the body (left atrium and ventricle) using a series of tubes  The heart-lung machine itself is operated by perfusionists during surgery.Current Methods  Composed of: a chamber that receives all the blood from the body (right atrium of the heart).

concentration.allow doctors to operate in a blood-free area. allowing for paramedics to aid heart attack patients on the scene The device will be further developed to allow for less brain damage after the surgery. permanent brain damage will occur in just a few minutes. should contribute to less surgical error In the future. . the heart-lung pump will hopefully become portable. short term memory. and fine motor function Allows for medications and anesthetics to be administered directly into the blood.Limitations and Future  If blood flow were to be stopped at normal body temperature. adding them to the blood in the heart-lung reservoir. followed by almost certain death shortly after.      “Pumphead” syndrome – some effects can include defects to attention. arriving immediately to the patient The clear advantage .

org/cgi/content/full/76/6/S2188>." Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 2012.html>. Web.Sources  "Alexis Carrel .Wikipedia. 19 Nov.hsforum. Web." Wikipedia. "Leaning Ctr : The Heart-Lung Machine.  "Cardiopulmonary bypass . <http://www. "John Gibbon and the heart-lung machine: a personal encounter and his import for cardiovascular surgery -. the free encyclopedia. Web. . <http://en. USC cardiothoracic Surgery. University of Southern California.  "Heart-Lung Machine.com/stories/storyReader$1486>. <http://www." Heart Surgery Forum.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexis_Carrel>.DeBakey 76 (6): S2188 -The Annals of Thoracic Surgery." The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.Wikipedia.  DeBakey. Los Angeles.cts.  Levinson. the free encyclopedia. the free encyclopedia. Web. the free encyclopedia. Web.wikipedia. Mark. <http://en.usc." Wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiopulmonary_bypass>. Michael.ctsnetjournals.edu/zglossary-heartlungmachine. <http://ats.