By

Shanmuka Nalli IMBA(1st Year)

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Bristol.RAJA RAM MOHAN ROY Date & Place of Birth: 14th Aug. England (aged 59yrs) Known For: Bengal Renaissance. 1833. Brahmo Samaj Also Known As: Herald of New Age .Radhanagar. 1774. Bengal Date & Place of Death: 27th Sep.

his father Ramkanto Roy was a Vaishnavite. Thus. This was unusual for Vaishanavites did not commonly marry Shaivites at that time. . Bengal.EARLY LIFE Roy was born in Radhanagar. which was secular public administration. in August 1774 into the Rarhi Brahmin caste. He wandered around Himalayas and went to Tibet. one parent wanted him to be a scholar. while his mother Tarinidevi was from a Shivaite family. while the other wanted him to have a career dedicated to the laukik. a sastrin. His family background displayed religious diversity.

cofounded the Calcutta Unitarian Society. He advocated the study of English. caste rigidity. which was a movement of reformist Bengalis formed to fight against social evils. western curriculum”. In 1822. Hindi. he set up the Hindu College at Calcutta. He insisted that his teachings be incorporated with "modern. These practices were often the reasons British officials claimed moral superiority over the Indian nation. Science. in collaboration with David Hare. Educationist Believed education to be an implement for social reform. bore him two sons: Radhaprasad in 1800 and Ramaprasad in 1812. He sought to integrate Western culture with features of his own country's traditions. His first wife died during his childhood. His second wife. and Bengali. Roy founded the Anglo-Hindu school. Objected included sati. Journalist Roy published journals in English. Persian. who died in 1824. In 1817. set up the Brahmo Sabha. in 1828.MANY FACETS Social Reformer  Demanded property inheritance rights for women and. Religional Ideas He preached about the unity of God. followed four years later by the Vendanta College. made early translations of Vedic scriptures into English. Roy's third wife outlived him. Western Medicine and Technology. Rammohan composed two memorials against this Personal Life Ram Mohan Roy was married three times by the time he was ten years old. . When the English Company censored the press. founded the Brahmo Samaj. polygamy and child marriages.

which was then a village to the north east of Bristol on September 27. he was buried in Arnos Vale Cemetery in southern Bristol. His cause of death was meningitis.LIFE & DEATH IN ENGLAND In 1830. to convince British government for welfare of India and to ensure that the Lord Bentick's regulation banning the practice of Sati was not overturned. Ram Mohan Roy travelled to the United Kingdom as an ambassador of the Mughal emperor Akbar II. Roy also visited France. Roy died at Stapleton. who conferred him title of Raja. . 1833.

SWAMI VIVEKANANDA •Date & Place of Birth: 12th Jan. Belur Math near Kolkata(aged 41yrs) Known For: Spreading & Modernizing Indian Culture & Hinduism Worldwide . 1863. Calcutta(present Kolkata) •Birth Name: Narendranath Dutta •Date & Place of Death: 4th July 1904.

arts. Calcutta at 6:33 am on Monday. the social sciences. during the Makra Sankranti festival and was given the name Narendranath Dutta. 12 January 1863. the social sciences. literature. history. the Upanishads.  Vivekananda showed inclination towards spirituality & God realization.Birth & Childhood  Swami Vivekananda was born in Shimla Pally. and other subjects. arts. Vedas.  Parents: Vishanath Dutta & Bhuneshwari Devi  Viveknanda’s thinking was influenced by mother’s religious and father’s rational mind. literature. Ramayana. He evinced much interest in scriptural texts. Vivekananda had varied interests and a wide range of scholarship in philosophy. and other subjects . Mahabharata and the Puranas. history. He was also well versed in classical music. Bhagavat Gita.  Vivekananda had varied interests and a wide range of scholarship in philosophy.

His initial beliefs were shaped by Brahmo concepts.Brahmo Samaj In 1881 he passed the Fine Arts examination and in 1884 he passed the Bachelor of Arts Narendranath became the member of the breakaway faction from the Brahmo Samaj led by Keshab Chunder Sen . . which include belief in a formless God and deprecation of the worship of idols.

he revolted against idol worship and polytheism. His sole possessions were a kamandalu (water pot). visiting important centers of learning. "without fixed abode.RAMAKRISHNA’S INFLUENCE His meeting with Ramakrishna Paramahamsa in November 1881 proved to be a turning point in his life He initially looked upon Ramakrishna's ecstasies and visions as. and Ramakrishna's worship of Kali. Vivekanandanath travelled the length and breadth of India for five years. staff. puzzled. "mere figments of imagination".["mere hallucinations". Vivekananda was transformed from a restless. After Ramkrishna’s death. and faced all of Vivekananda's arguments and examinations with patience—"Try to see the truth from all angles" was his reply. Vivekanananda Vivekananda as a Parivrâjaka—the Hindu religious life of a wandering monk. who never asked Vivekananda to abandon reason. and his two favorite books—Bhagavat Gita and The Imitation of Christ. acquainting himself with the diverse religious traditions and different patterns of social life. He developed sympathy for the suffering and poverty of the masses and resolved to uplift the nation. As a member of Brahmo Samaj. He even rejected the Advaitist Vedantism He tested Ramakrishna. impatient youth to a mature man who was ready to renounce everything for the sake of Godrealization. Vivekananda was taught that service to men was the most effective worship of God During the course of five years of his training under Ramakrishna. .

which lasted for two minutes. it voiced the spirit of the Parliament and its sense of universality. all lead to Thee!" and "Whosoever comes to Me. O Lord. "Sisters and brothers of America!” To these words he got a standing ovation from a crowd of seven thousand. He attracted widespread attention in the press. Dr. I reach him. Barrows." Despite being a short speech. the Mother of religions was represented by Swami Vivekananda. so. through different tendencies. . various though they appear. On this day Vivekananda gave his first brief address. crooked or straight. through whatsoever form. all men are struggling through paths that in the end lead to Me. "And he quoted two illustrative passages in this relation. which dubbed him as the "Cyclonic monk from India“ He spoke several more times at the Parliament on topics related to Hinduism and Buddhism. from the Bhagavat Gita—"As the different streams having their sources in different places all mingle their water in the sea. All his speeches at the Parliament had one common theme—Universality—and stressed religious tolerance. the president of the Parliament said.Parliament of World's Religions The Parliament of Religions opened on 11 September 1893 at the Art Institute of Chicago. He began his speech with. the different paths which men take. "India.

. The ideals based on Karma Yoga. medical and relief work. This was the beginning of an organized socio-religious movement to help the masses through educational. He founded the Sri Ramakrishna Math and Mission on the principle of Atmano Mokshartham Jagat-hitaya cha (आत्मनॊ मोक्षार्थम ् जगद्धिताय च) (for one's own salvation and for the welfare of the World). Vivekananda founded the "Ramakrishna Math"—the organ for propagating religion and "Ramakrishna Mission"—the organ for social service. Khandana Bhava Bandhana during the event of consecration of Ramakrishna's temple at a devotees' house. Vivekananda had inspired Sir Jamshetji Tata to set up a research and educational institution when they had travelled together from Yokohama to Chicago on the Swami's first visit to the West He later visited western Punjab with the mission of establishing harmony between the Arya Samaj which stood for reinterpreted Hinduism and the Sanatanaists who stood for orthodox Hinduism.RAMKRISHNA MATH & MISSION On 1 May 1897 at Calcutta. At Rawalpindi. cultural. He spent the next few months consolidating the work of the Math and training the disciples. he suggested methods for rooting out antagonism between Arya Samajists and Muslims. During this period he composed the famous arti song.

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.the service of God in and through (poor) human beings. or forms. So long as even a single dog in my country is without food my whole religion is to feed it and serve it. Education is the manifestation of perfection already in man. or more. or worship. This is the whole of religion. or temples. or psychic control. awake and stop not till the goal is reached. Each soul is potentially divine. or books. or philosophy—by one. He coined the concept of daridra narayana seva . Religion is the manifestation of divinity already in man. anything excluding that is unreligious. are but secondary details. based on the interpretation of Adi Shankara. According to Vivekananda.TEACHINGS & Philosophy Vivekananda believed that the essence of Hinduism was best expressed in the Vedanta philosophy. The goal is to manifest this Divinity within by controlling nature. Doctrines. Arise. or all of these—and be free. Do this either by work. He summarized the Vedanta's teachings as follows. external and internal. an important teaching he received from Ramakrishna was that "Jiva is Shiva" (each individual is divinity itself). or dogmas. Serving man is serving God. or rituals.

Mayavati and later at the Belur Math. He died on 4th July. guiding the work of Ramakrishna Mission and Math and the work in England and America. 1904 ********** . diabetes and other physical ailments.LAST YEARS Vivekananda spent few of his days at Advaita Ashrama. He undertook pilgrimages to Bodhgaya and Varanasi towards his final days. Henceforth till the end he stayed at Belur Math. He was suffering from asthma.